Cross Sectional Anatomy Exam 2

Card Set Information

Author:
joesaflea
ID:
206801
Filename:
Cross Sectional Anatomy Exam 2
Updated:
2013-03-12 23:10:39
Tags:
Cross Sectional Anatomy Exam
Folders:

Description:
Cross Sectional Anatomy Exam 2
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user joesaflea on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Artery of small intestine?
    Superior Mesenteric artery
  2. Artery of large intestine?
    Some superior but mostly inferior mesenteric arteries
  3. Regions:
    Subcostal plane + transtubercular plane + Right and Left midclavicular planes

    • Superior
    • Right hypochondrium
    • Epigastrium
    • Left hypochondrium

    • Middle
    • Right lateral
    • Umbilical
    • Left lateral

    • Inferior
    • Right inguinal
    • Hypogastrium
    • Left inguinal
  4. Quadrants:
    midsagittal plane + Transverse/Transumbilical plane

    • Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ)
    • Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)
    • Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ)
    • Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ)
  5. Where does the subcostal plane run?
    L3
  6. Where does the transtubercular plane run?
    • end of lumbar spine
    • after L5
  7. What is the Transumbilical plane?
    • line at belly button
    • between/around L3 and L4
  8. What is the transpyloric plane?
    • halfway between transumbilical and xiphoid process.
    • Also halfway between pubic symphasis and jugular notch.
    • between L1 and L2
  9. Spleen is _____ to the left kidney.
    anterior
  10. The tail of the pancreas points to the _____ of the _____.
    • hilum
    • spleen
  11. The crurea (crus) of the diaphragm separates what vessels?
    • aorta
    • IVC
  12. Fascia that encompasses the kidneys?
    perirenal fascia
  13. membranous layer of connective tissue?
    Fascia
  14. Another name for perirenal fascia?
    Gerota's fascia
  15. The ureter runs anterior to the _______ muscle and _______ arteries and veins.
    • Psoas major
    • common iliac
  16. union of the same vessel
    Anastimosis
  17. The position of the transpyloric plane typically lies at what level?
    A. L1/2
    B. L5
    C. S1
    D. L3/4
    A. L1/2
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the following is not found at the transpyloric plane?
    A. body of the pancreas
    B. bifurcation of abdominal aorta
    C. gall bladder
    D. hila of kidneys
    B. bifurcation of abdominal aorta
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The gall bladder is found in which abdominal region?
    A. right inguinal
    B. umbilical
    C. right hypochondriac
    D. left hypochondriac
    C. right hypochondriac
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. The mesothelium lining the abdominal cavity is the 
    A. pleura
    B. pericardium
    C. peritoneum
    D. superficial fascia
    C. peritoneum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which of the following is not retroperitoneal?
    A. pancreas
    B. duodenum
    C. small intestine
    D. descending colon
    C. small intestine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. What organ lies deep to the 9th, 10th and 11th ribs on the right side?
    A. inferior vena cava
    B. spleen
    C. sigmoid colon
    D. liver
    D. liver
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. In which patient is the greater curvature of the stomach more likely to be closer to the transpyloric plane?
    a. stout torso and wide shoulders
    b. narrow shoulders, wide hips and long midriff
    a. stout torso and wide shoulders
  24. What branch of the aorta is usually seen in section anterior to the horizontal portion of the duodenum?
    A. renal aa.
    B. celiac a.
    C. superior mesenteric a.
    D. common iliac a.
    C. superior mesenteric a.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which kidney lies slightly higher than the other?
    a. right
    b. left
    b. left
  26. The blind alley within the peritoneal sac that lies posterior to the stomach is the
    A. sigmoid mesocolon
    B. coronary ligament
    C. omental bursa
    D. mesentery
    C. omental bursa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which vein(s) is/are not tributaries of the hepatic portal vein?
    A. hepatic
    B. superior mesenteric
    C. inferior mesenteric
    D. splenic
    A. hepatic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. What artery lies in the mesentery of the small intestine?
    A. celiac a.
    B. inferior mesenteric a.
    C. superior  mesenteric a.
    D. common iliac a.
    C. superior  mesenteric a.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The veins that drain the GI tract coalesce to form the
    A. internal iliac veins
    B. hepatic veins
    C. inferior vena cava
    D. hepatic portal vein
    D. hepatic portal vein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The crook of the duodenum partly encircles what?
    A. left kidney
    B. caudate lobe of the liver
    C. spleen
    D. head of pancreas
    D. head of pancreas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Morison’s pouch is located in the
    A. subhepatic space
    B. paracolic gutter
    C. subphrenic space
    D. pararenal space
    A. subhepatic space
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Gerota’s fascia encloses
    A. perirenal fascia
    B. falciform ligament
    C. pararenal fascia
    D. mesogastrim
    A. perirenal fascia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. The urethra passes through what organ that tends to enlarge with age?
    A. spermatic cord
    B. seminal vesicles
    C. prostate gland
    D. epididymis
    C. prostate gland
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. What lies superior to the female urinary bladder?
    A. uterus
    B. sacrum
    C. symphysis pubis
    D. rectum
    A. uterus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The male membranous urethra lies between
    A. the prostate and the penis
    B. kidney and the bladder
    C. the testes and the seminal vesicle
    D. the bladder and the prostate
    A. the prostate and the penis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. When standing upright, the deepest point in the peritoneal sac of the female is the
    A. rectouterine pouch
    B. vesiculouterine pouch
    C. Morison’s pouch
    D. rectovisicular  pouch
    A. rectouterine pouch
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. When standing upright, the deepest point in the peritoneal sac of the male is the
    A. Morison’s pouch
    B. vesiculouterine pouch
    C. rectovisicular  pouch
    D. rectouterine pouch
    C. rectovisicular  pouch
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. T. or F.  In the female pelvis the broad ligament divides the inferior peritoneal sac into medial and lateral halves.
    F.
  39. What structure of the urinary system lies on the anterior surface of the psoas major?
    A. ureter
    B. urethra
    C. seminal vesicle
    D. vas deferens
    A. ureter
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. What vessel crosses anterior to the superior ramus of the pubis?
    A. internal iliac artery
    B. common iliac artery
    C. external iliac artery
    D. inferior vena cava
    C. external iliac artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Irritation of the parietal peritoneum by an inflamed gall bladder causes sharp localized pain in the ____ region
    A. right hypochondriac
    B. right inguinal
    C. umbilical
    D. left hypochondriac
    A. right hypochondriac
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Blood supply to the descending and sigmoid colon is provided by the
    A. ovarian artery
    B. inferior mesenteric artery
    C. celiac artery
    D. superior mesenteric artery
    B. inferior mesenteric artery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. The left renal vein crosses ________ to the inferior aorta.
    a. anterior
    b. posterior
    a. anterior
  44. The __________ fascia is continuous with the extraperitoneal fat layer of the anterior body wall.
    a. perirenal
    b. pararenal
    b. pararenal
  45. An organ yielding a chevron-shaped section, situated anteromedial to the kidney in transverse section, is the
    A. gall bladder
    B. spleen
    C. adrenal gland
    D. duodenum
    C. adrenal gland
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. The cardiac “sphincter” of the stomach lies at what vertebral level?
    A. T8/9
    B. L5
    C. T7
    D. L1/2
    A. T8/9
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. The pyloric “sphincter” of the stomach lies at what vertebral level?
    A. L5
    B. T8/9
    C. L1/2
    D. T7
    C. L1/2
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. What structure/organ lies immediately anterior to the coccyx?
    A. uterus
    B. prostate
    C. bladder
    D. rectum
    D. rectum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview