Card Set Information
Chp Respiratory Emergencies
membrane that is attached to the chest wall
membrane that is attached to the lung surface
areas of the lung outside alveoli where gas exchange with the blood does not take place
not enough O2 in the body's tissues
too much CO2 in the blood
device that measures amount of O2 carried by the hemoglobin in the blood
Cheyne Stokes respirations
deep respirations alternating with shallow respirations, sometimes apnea in the cycle. Seen in patients with brain injury or tumors
abnormal breathing that is rapid and deep
rapid, deep ventilations usually caused by very acidic blood such as some diabetic conditions or aspirin overdose
disease that has attacks involving bronchoconstriction and mucus production with difficulty breathing.
allergies, respiratory infections, exercise or emotion
walls of the alveoli break down and lose surface area. Limits ability to the exchange of gases in the alveoli.
Includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Shortness of breath, usually caused by smoking.
when the stimulus to breathe is the amount of O2 in the blood rather than the norm, which is the amount of CO2 in the blood.
fluid in the lungs
rupture of part of the lung. allows air to exit the lung and enter plueral lining and the outer covering of the lung. May cause lung collapse.
caused by infection of the alveolar spaces or by aspiration.
Obstruction of the pulmonary artery
Side effects of inhalers
dialated pupils, rapid pulse, muscular tremors, nervousness
Describe assisted ventilation
Used when patient has inadequate ventilation but more than 12/minute.
36/minute (fast), give one breath every 3rd breath.
6/minute (slow) give one breath every 5 seconds.