Card Set Information
Last test before the final.
Federal laws established by the US Congress.
A serious crime which may be
punished by a heavy fine and/or imprisonment or even death
A lesser offense,
punishable by a small fine and/or a short jail term
Who determines all penalties for Federal crimes?
What is a Grand Jury?
Formail device by which a
person can be accused of a serious crime
How many people on Grand Juries have to be present in order to conduct business?
What is the difference between a "No Bill" and a "True Bill"?
is called a "True Bill".
If the jury finds
insufficient probable cause
then it is a "No Bill".
A formal complaint before a grand jury which
charges the accused with one or more crimes
defendent is read the charges
filed against them and is
advised of their rights
defendent enters a plea
of not guilty or guilty.
trial day is set
After the arraignment, how many days is it before the trial takes place?
Within 70 days
from the defendent's first appearance in court.
What is a plea agreement?
An agreement between the prosecutor and the defense attorney/defendent.
What are the options when guilt is decided?
- Incarceration in a Federal prison
- A fine
The defendant can appeal the sentence or the finding of guilt within how many days of the sentence?
Within 10 days from the date the sentence was imposed.
What is an affidavit?
setting out the statement of a witness
for court proceedings
What is probable cause?
The standard where a
police officer has the authority to
, conduct a personal or property
, or to
obtain a warrent
What is a federal magistrate?
Judges appointed to assist US district court judges
in the performance of their duties.
What is another name for a trial jury?
How many people are on a criminal jury?
How many people are on a civil jury?
6 - 12
What is guilt beyond a reasonable doubt?
The standard of proof required in most criminal cases.
What is meant by deliberation?
A jury in a trial in court discusses the findings of the court.
What is a hung jury?
A jury that cannot agree on a verdict.
The power of a court to hear a case first, before any other court.
Power shared by federal and state courts to hear certain cases.
The authority of a court to review decisions of inferior courts.
Compensaiton for a loss, damage, or jury.
Also known as
, one is released but must check in with a parole officer.
Due Process Clause
Part of the
which guarantees that
no state deny basic rights to its people
System of law that relies on the contest between
each advocate representing his/her party's positions
involves an impartial person/group.
False and malicious use of printed words.
False and malicious use of spoken words.
crime more violent
and calls for a
Circumstances that call for mercy/leniency.
sum of money that the accused may be required to post
as a guarantee that he or she will appear in court at the proper time.
the death penalty