Home Economics - Home Baking
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What is the main advantage of home baking?
The person knows exactly what goes into them
Outline the guidelines for home baking
1.Collect all ingredients, equipment and prepare tins
2. Weigh ingredients accurately
3. Preheat oven
4. Follow recipe step by step
5. Time cooking accurately
6. Do not open the oven doors
7. Cool baked product on a wire tray
8. Wash and dry equipment and table
How does air work as a raising agent in home baking?
Air is introduced by sieving, rubbing in, creaming or whisking
Once the mixture is heated, the hot air in the mixture rises, pushing the mixture up
A crust forms on top, which stops the mixture from collapsing when cool
What is gluten?
This is a protein found in wheat
It allows the bread to rise in the oven
How does baking powder work as a raising agent in home baking?
When it is mixed with a liquid carbon dioxide is made
The carbon dioxide pushes the mixture up
In the oven, a crust forms, which keeps the mixture risen
Why is gluten important in home baking?
It allows the bread to rise and when heated it also sets to form a crust and keep the bread risen
Name different methods of making bread and cakes and given an example of each
Rubbing in eg. scones
Creaming eg. queencakes
Whisking eg. sponge cake
Melting eg. gingerbread
All-in-one eg. All-in-one Madeira cake
List different types of pastry and suggest one use for each one
Shortcrust eg. pies, quiches and sausage rolls
Rich shortcrust eg. Mince pies
Cheese pastry eg. Quiche
Choux pastry eg. Eclairs and profiteroles
Rough puff pastry eg. Vol-au-vents and sausage rolls
Filo pastry eg. Spring rolls
Outline four pastry making guidelines
1. Weigh accurately
2. Keep everything cold
3. Handle pastry as little as possible
4. Roll pastry lightly in one direction
5. Allow pastry to relax in the fridge before rolling
6. Bake first in a hot oven and then reduce heat to finish baking
State an advantage of using commercial cake and bread mixes
Quick and easy to use
Useful for beginners
State a disadvantage of using commercial cake and bread mixes
Usually do not taste as a good as home baked products
Often high in sugar and salt
May contain additives
What would you like to do?
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