Calk Exam

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Calk Exam
2013-03-12 19:44:38
WW1 Great Depression Imperialism Industrial Revolution

9 weeks test on Industrial Revolution, Great Depression, Imperialism, and World War 1
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  1. Enclosure Movement
    A movement that began when Parliament allowed large landowners to fence off their common lands in the 1700s and kicked off the Agricultural Revolution.
  2. Trade Unions
    An association of workers with the same skill who come together to improve wages, benefits, working conditions, and rights for workers.
  3. Textiles
    Woven cloth
  4. Interchangeable Parts
    Identical parts that are used for fixing machinery instead of having to buy whole new machinery.
  5. Imperialism
    When one nation extends its control to the government and economy of another nation
  6. Monroe Doctrine
    A document stating that the United States wouldn't tolerate European nations taking over the western hemisphere
  7. Sovereignty
    Supreme rule of a ruler
  8. Social Darwinism
    The social idea that everybody is under the same laws and rules.
  9. Propaganda
    information designed to influence public opinions
  10. Alliance
    An agreement among competing blocs nations to help each other if war broke out
  11. Armistice
  12. Militarism
    Fascination in the military and the glory of war
  13. Tariff
  14. Totalitarian State
    A system in which leaders totally control the way citizens think and live.
  15. Inflation
    a period of rising prices and decreasing monetary values.
  16. Recession
    A time of economic slowdown
  17. Depression
    A period of very low economic activity combined with very high unemployment
  18. What was the Industrial Revolution and what country did it begin in?
    The Industrial Revolution was when people started to switch from hand-made to machinery to do work and it began in Great Britain
  19. What was the first industry to begin?
  20. Why did it begin in Britain?
    Britain had a large number of inventors with new ideas, markets to sell to, and natural resources, and plenty of rivers for transportation.
  21. What is urbanization?
    Urbanization is when people move from rural areas to the city causing cities to grow.
  22. What were the advantages of factory work over  farm work?
    Constant income
  23. Which type of transportation developed during this time that could carry people, raw materials, and finished products cheaper and faster than any other method?
  24. What were two economic reasons that industrialized nations took control of less developed nations?
    Raw materials and markets to sell their goods
  25. What five nations became the major imperialistic nations in the world?
    Great Britain, US, Germany, France, and Japan
  26. In what areas did these countries did the major imperialistic nations take control of?
    Asia, Africa, and Oceania
  27. What were the results of the Spanish American War?
    US won and became a world power and gained Puerto Rico, the Phillipines, Cuba, and Guam
  28. The following are true about Imperialism:
    Local warfare ended, countries set up hospitals and schools in many areas, farming and transportation improved
  29. What were the four M.A.I.N causes of WW1?
    militarism, alliances, imperialism, and nationalism
  30. After remaining neutral for much of the war, what events finally led up to America entering the war?
    the Zimmerman telegram, U-boat by Germany sank a U.S. ship, and our economic relationship with the Allies.
  31. What effect did the entry of the US into the war in 1917 have?
    the Allies began to win more battles
  32. What is the danger of forming alliances?
    When alliances are formed, an attack on one nation could lead to a war with several other nations.
  33. What was one of the main reasons so many people were killed in WW1?
    New technology
  34. Which document officially ended the war?
    The Treaty of Versailles
  35. What was a major result in Europe after the war?
    Empires were broken up, new national borders were drawn, and new nations were formed.
  36. Which decade did the depression occur in for our country?
    the 1930s
  37. How could the economic boom in our country after WW1 be described?
    • US factories made most of the world's manufactured good.
    • Assistance for farmers when the overproduced
    • Public works projects created new jobs
    • More government involvement in businesses
  38. How did Great Britain solve their economic problems?
    They used retrenchment to cut back  on expenses, and kept a democratic form of government.
  39. How were Great Britain and the US alike when it came to solving their economic problems?
    They both kept their democratic governments
  40. What were the economies like in many European countries after the war?
    Many countries were in debt, experienced high inflation, printed too much money, and relied too much on the US economy.
  41. What were the causes of the depression in the US?
    • Americans borrowed and spent too much 
    • Factories produced more than they could sell
    • Americans made careless investments.
  42. What was the program that FDR started to help with the problems of the depression?
    The New Deal
  43. What were the programs included in the New Deal?
    • Social Security Act
    • Assistance for Farmers
    • Public projects created jobs
    • More government involvement
  44. What did nations like Germany and Italy do to solve their economic problems?
    They  set up new governments such as fascism and Nazism