S.S Quiz - Lesson 1
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What did the Tigris and Euphrates rivers provide for ancient Mesopotamians?
It provided floods to help water crops.
How did the lack of natural resources affect Mesopotamians?
It affected them because the lack of woods, and mountains made them an easy target for raids.
How did Mesopotamian farmers obtain the right amount of water for their crops?
They used irrigation canals, and in the irrigation canals they built gates so that if the crops had too much water, they could just close the gates.
Explain the importance of surplus.
Surplus is very important because withought it civilization would have been almost impossible.
Explain the importance of silt.
Silt came when the rivers flooded, and it put a layer of good soil over the bad soil for better crops.
What does semiarid mean?
The prefix semi means "half." The word arid means "dry." A semiarid region has some rain, but remains fairly dry.
How did mesopatamians water their crops during a drought?
They used the irrgation system.
How did the Mesopotamians change the environment to deal with geographic challenges?
They used mud to built their houses because they didn't have woods or stone, and they created the irrigation system to water crops during droughts.
What is a floodplain?
A floodplain is flat land bordering a river.
Why was trade important in Mesopotamia?
Because Mesopatamia didn't have much resources except for a surplus of grain, so they traded some of their grain for other items that they needed.
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