medical terminology week 5

Card Set Information

Author:
dhsc19
ID:
206908
Filename:
medical terminology week 5
Updated:
2013-03-14 01:29:46
Tags:
medical terminology week
Folders:

Description:
medical terminology week 5
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user dhsc19 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. calcaneus
    heel bone
  2. coxa
    hip bone
  3. femur
    thigh
  4. genu
    knee
  5. ischio
    hip
  6. pelvis
    basin
  7. physis
    growth
  8. bone, osseous tissue
    hardest  of the connective tissue
  9. bone marrow,  medulla
    in the middle of the bone,  produces blood cells
  10. cancellous  bone
    spongy bone found at the epiphysis
  11. compact bone, cortex of bone
    hard, solid bone found at the diaphysis
  12. diaphysis
    the shaft of the bone
  13. epiphysis
    either end of the bone where growth takes place
  14. foramen
    openings in the bone where blood vessels go
  15. fontanelle
    soft spot in the head that eventually hardens
  16. fossa
    shallow cavity in the bone
  17. medullary cavity
    the hole in the middle of the bone where the marrow is
  18. ossification
    the process of bone creation
  19. osteoblasts
    cell that makes bone
  20. osteoclasts
    cells that absorb broken pieces of bone
  21. osteocytes
    mature bone cells
  22. patella
    the knee cap
  23. periosteum
    the membrane around the bone
  24. Bone neoplasms:
    osteochondromas
    benign tumor at the end of the bone
  25. Bone neoplasms:
    ganglion cyst
    benign liquid filled mass in the wrist area
  26. Bone neoplasm:
    myeloma
    malignant tumor usually in the spine
  27. Bone neoplasms:
    osteosarcoma (osteogenic sarcoma)
    cancer of the bone, treatment is amputation
  28. coxa plana
    a flat coxa (the bone part that fits in the hip socket)
  29. coxa valga
    the angle of the coxa is too great
  30. coxa vara
    the angle of the coxa is too small
  31. epiphysitis
    inflammation of the epiphysis
  32. fractures:
    simple
    also known as closed, meaning the bone fracture does not cause the bone to protrude out of the skin
  33. fractures:
    compound
    also known as open, the bone fracture causes the bone to stick out of the skin
  34. fractures:
    capillary (is also known as)
    also known as a hairline fracture
  35. fractures:
    Colles
    fracture of the bone in the wrist area
  36. fractures:
    comminuted
    a splintered fracture
  37. fractures:
    complicated
    is when the bone not only breaks, but also injures something around it
  38. fractures:
    compression
    the bone is crushed under pressure (like a spine injury)
  39. fractures:
    depressed
    an inward fracture (dent in the bone)
  40. fractures:
    greenstick
    partial fracture of the bone
  41. fractures:
    impacted
    one part of the bone is wedged in another part
  42. fractures:
    pathologic
    the bone broke because of disease
  43. fractures:
    spiral
    a fracture caused by twisting
  44. fractures:
    transverse
    a fracture that goes right across the bone
  45. genu valgum
    the knees "knock" together (opposite of bow legged)
  46. genu varum
    bow legged
  47. osteoclasia, osteolysis
    destruction of the bone
  48. osteomalacia
    softening of the bone
  49. osteomyelitis
    inflammation of the marrow
  50. osteoporosis
    prone to break bones...often happens in elderly women with smaller bone structure
  51. Ricket's
    calcium and vitamin D dificiency
  52. sequestrum
    dead bone from from poor circulation
  53. Operative terms:
    epiphysiodesis
    bone grafting to fixate the epiphysis
  54. Operative terms:
    exostectomy
    to remove a bunion
  55. Operative terms:
    ostectomy
    removal of bone
  56. Operative terms:
    osteoclasis
    to purposefully break the bone to properly reset
  57. Operative terms:
    osteoplasty
    surgically repair a bone
  58. Operative terms:
    sequestrectomy
    to remove dead bone
  59. Surgical correction of a fracture:
    closed reduction
    to repair a fracture using a cast or some external support
  60. Surgical correction of a fracture:
    open reduction
    the fracture is repaired surgically (like pins? plates?)
  61. Symptomatic terms:
    callus
    substance between fractured bones that help them repair
  62. Symptomatic terms:
    crepitation
    a grating sound made from broken bone
  63. Symptomatic terrms:
    ostalgia, ostealgia
    bone pain
  64. Symptomatic terms:
    phantom limb pain
    pain felt from a removed limb as if it was still there
  65. arth
    joint
  66. ankyle
    stiff joint
  67. bursa
    sac
  68. condyle
    rounded bone, knuckle
  69. kyphos
    hunch, hump
  70. ligamentum
    the which ties
  71. scolio
    twisted, crooked
  72. spondyl
    vertebra
  73. acetabulum
    the socket where the ball joint fits into the hip
  74. articulation
    where the two joints meet
  75. bursa
    little pillows where tendons meet the muscle
  76. intervertebral disc
    cushions between vertebrae
  77. ligaments
    connects bone to bone
  78. ankylosis
    to feel stiff
  79. arthritis
    inflammation of the joint
  80. gout
    arthritis usually in the big toe due to high levels of uric acid
  81. rheumatoid
    a deforming form of arthritis, possibly genetic
  82. osteoarthritis
    "senile arthritis" - a degenerative condition of old age
  83. traumatic arthritis
    arthritis caused by injury
  84. ankylosing spondylitis (Marie-Strupell)
    feeling stiffness, along with inflammation of the spine
  85. arthropathy
    a general term that something is wrong with the joint
  86. bursitis
    inflamed bursa (tennis elbow)
  87. dislocation
    bone is not in the socket
  88. hallus (hallux) malleus
    hammertoe
  89. hallus (or hallux) valgus
    when the big toe crosses over the other toes
  90. hemarthrosis
    a condition where there is blood in the joint
  91. internal derangement of the knee joint
    locking or buckling of the knee
  92. kyphosis
    curvature of the thoracic spine
  93. lordosis
    a "sway back", mostly due to poor posture
  94. scoliosis
    a lateral curvature of the spine
  95. neoplasms:
    chondroblastoma
    chondroma
    two kinds of  benign tumor of the cartilage
  96. neoplasms:
    chondrosarcoma
    a cancerous tumor of the cartilage
  97. painful shoulder:
    adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder)
    scar tissue in the shoulder area cause stiffness and must manually move the arms to break through the scar tissue.
  98. sprain
    injury to a tendon or ligament
  99. subluxation
    an incomplete dislocation
  100. talipes
    in a new born baby, a "club foot" that can have extreme  angles
  101. Operative terms:
    arthroclasia
    breaking the joint in order to repair it
  102. Operative terms:
    arthrodesis
    fusing the joint
  103. Operative terms:
    arthrolysis
    to break down scar tissue on the joint
  104. Operative terms:
    arthroplasty
    surgical repair of the joint
  105. Operative terms:
    arthroscopy
    to examine the joint with a scope
  106. Operative terms:
    arthrotomy
    to make an incision in the joint to drain fluid
  107. Operative terms:
    bunionectomy
    remove bunion
  108. Operative terms:
    chondrectomy
    remove cartilage
  109. Operative terms:
    chondroplasty
    surgical repair of cartilage
  110. Operative terms:
    Harrington instrumentation and fusion
    hooks to pull spine into place & bone graft to fuse
  111. Operative terms:
    laminectomy
    removing the lamina to get to the spinal cord to repair intervertebral disk
  112. Operative terms:
    synovectomy
    removal of the synovial membrane to stop the production of synovial fluid
  113. Symptomatic terms:
    arthralgia, arthrodynia
    joint pain
  114. Symptomatic terms:
    crepitus, articular
    creaking/crackling sounds from the bone
  115. Symptomatic terms:
    effusion, hemorrhagic
    bleeding from the joint
  116. Symptomatic terms:
    lumbago
    low back pain
  117. Symptomatic terms:
    pyrexia
    to have a fever
  118. Symptomatic terms:
    spur
    a little projection from the bone
  119. fascia
    band
  120. leio
    smooth
  121. my, myo
    muscle
  122. rhabdo
    striated
  123. tendo
    tendon
  124. diaphragm
    divides abdomen from chest. largest muscle
  125. fascia
    surrounds muscles
  126. Points of muscle attachment:
    insertion
    muscle attachment point where there is the most movement
  127. Points of muscle attachment:
    origin
    muscle attachment point where it is fixed (least movement)
  128. the actions of the muscle
    contracts and expands
  129. tendons
    attach muscle to bone
  130. Diagnostic terms:
    carpal tunnel syndrome
    repetative movement can cause this in the wrist
  131. Diagnostic terms:
    carpoptosia
    known as a "wrist drop"
  132. Diagnostic terms:
    claudication
    limping because of poor circulation
  133. Diagnostic terms:
    contracture
    a shortening of a muscle from lack of use
  134. Diagnostic terms:
    hiatal hernia, diaphragmatic hernia
    protrusion in the diaphragm area (when something pokes through the hole in the diaphragm)
  135. Diagnostic terms:
    muscular distrophy
    progressive deterioration of the muscles, genetic condition
  136. Diagnostic terms:
    myasthenia gravis
    neurological and muscular disorder where eyelids droop and have trouble swallowing
  137. Diagnostic terms:
    myositis
    inflammation of a muscle
  138. neoplasms:
    leiomyoma
    benign tumor of smooth muscle
  139. neoplasms:
    myoma
    benign tumor of muscle
  140. neoplasms:
    rhabdomyoma
    benign tumor of voluntary muscle
  141. neoplasms:
    myosarcoma
    malignant tumor of muscle
  142. polymyositis
    weak muscles
  143. torticollis, wryneck
    sternocleidomastoid muscle is contracting causing a permanent bent neck
  144. Operative terms:
    myoplasty
    surgical repair of muscle
  145. Operative terms:
    myorrhaphy
    suturing a torn muscle
  146. Operative terms:
    myotasis
    stretching of a muscle
  147. Operative terms:
    tenodesis
    fixation of a tendon
  148. Operative terms:
    tendoplasty
    surgical repair of a tendon
  149. Symptomatic terms:
    cramp
    strong contraction or spasm of a muscle
  150. Symptomatic terms:
    hyperkinesia
    excessive movement
  151. Symptomatic terms:
    hypotonia
    having no muscle tone
  152. Symptomatic terms:
    rigidity, rigor
    when something exhibits stiffness
  153. Symptomatic terms:
    tonic spasm
    a contraction of only ONE muscle
  154. Symptomatic terms:
    tremors
    rhythmic movements, shaking
  155. Physical therapy:
    kinesiology (kinesthesiology)
    study of movement
  156. Physical therapy:
    orthotic
    external device to fix allignment
  157. Physical therapy:
    hydrotherapy
    water therapy (as in swimming pool)
  158. Physical therapy:
    thermotherapy
    heat therapy (as in heat pads)
  159. Radiology:
    arthrography
    picture of the joint
  160. Radiology:
    pneumoarthrogram
    a picture of a join with air and contrast medium
  161. Radiology:
    MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  162. Radiology:
    scanograph
    to move a camera over a wide region
  163. Radiology:
    contrast media
    a dye to make images more visible
  164. Radiology:
    nuclear medicine bone scan
    using radioactive substances to diagnose bone disease
  165. Clinical laboratory:
    serum, uric acid test
    a test to see if there is elevated levels of uric acid that causes gout
  166. Clinical laboratory:
    serum calcium
    a blood test for the presence of calcium in blood
  167. Clinical laboratory:
    Bence-Jones Protein test for urine
    test for multiple myeloma
  168. AE
    amputation above the elbow
  169. AK
    amputation above the knee
  170. AP
    anterioposterior (to go from front to back)
  171. BE
    amputation below the elbow
  172. BK
    amputation below the knee
  173. CHD
    congenital hip dysplasia
  174. EMG
    electromyogram
  175. FX
    fracture
  176. IM
    intramuscular
  177. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  178. ROM
    range of motion
  179. SLE
    systemic lupus erythematosus
  180. THR
    total hip replacement
  181. TKR
    total knee replacement
  182. TMJ
    temporal mandibular joint
  183. periosteum
    the membrane that surrounds the bone
  184. medullary cavity
    The cavity in the middle of the bone where the marrow is
  185. marrow
    the gelatin-like substance in the center of the bone, makes blood cells

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview