A belief in the unity of the sciences - a conviction far deeper than a mere working proposition, that the world is orderly and can be explained by a small number of natural laws.
The Enlightenment was a movement of intellectuals that followed the scientific revolution. It was most prominent during the eighteenth century in Europe.
Tenets of the Enlightenment:
-A passion to demystify the world and free the mind from the impersonal forces that imprison it
-Unity of Knowledge
-Individual Human Rights
-Indefinite Human Progress
-Attempted to avoid metaphysics
The English philosopher who advocated a shift from rote memorization and deductive reasoning towards inductive reasoning and the organizing patterns of nature. He developed the theoretical framework that makes up the scientific (Baconian) method.
Rene Descartes was the founder of algebraic geometry. Descartes' overarching vision was one of knowledge as a system of interconnected truths that can ultimately be abstracted into mathematics. He believed that this concept could be applied to everything from physics to moral reasoning.
It is the search strategy employed to find points of entry into otherwise impenetrably complex systems, by analyzing small parts of the system. However, scientists are interested in complexity not simplicity.
A mythological analogy to explain both the connectedness and scope of human knowledge. The labyrinth is the interconnect maze of facts starting with physics and expanding out towards the humanities. The minotaur is human irrationality, Theseus is humanity, and Ariadne's Thread is the gift of the kings daughter that allows humanity to navigate the labyrinth.