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2013-03-13 14:05:10
HON 122

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  1. Culture in an Age of Reaction and Revolution: The Mood of Romanticism: __emerged to challenge __preoccupation with reason and discovering truth. __tried to balance use of reason by stressing importance of intuition, feeling, emotion, and imagination as sources of knowing
    • Romanticism
    • Enlightenment’s
    • Romantics
  2. I.                   The Characteristics of Romanticism
    • a.      Romantic writers emphasized emotion, sentiment, and inner feelings in work, such as The Sorrows of the Young Werther, by Johann Wolfgang von Gothe, who later rejected Romanticism in favor of Classicism
    •                                                               i.      Werther  was a Romantic figure who sought freedom in order to fulfill self
    •                                                             ii.      Misunderstood and rejected by society, he continued to believe in his own worth through his inner feelings, but his unrequited love led to suicide
  3. Goethe's book
    • a.      After Goethe’s book, novels and plays had plots revolving around young maidens carried off at early age by disease to sorrow and despair of their lovers
    • b.      Individualism: interest in the unique traits of each person
    •                                                               i.      Romantic’s desire to follow inner drivesà rebel against mid-class conventions
    • 1.      Long hair, beards, outrageous clothes= expression
  4. Sentiment+Individualism= heroic
    • a.      Sentiment+ Individualism= heroic
    •                                                               i.      Romantic hero was solitary genius who defied world and sacrificed life for a great cause
    • 1.      In hands of British writer Thomas Carlyle, the Romantic hero didn’t destroy himself in ineffective protests against society but transformed society instead
    • a.      In historical works, Carlyle stressed that historical events went largely determined by deeds of such heroes
  5. Romantics
    • a.      Romantics had interest in past
    •                                                               i.      In Germany, the Grimm brothers collected/ published local fairy tales, as did Hans Christian Andersen in Denmark
    •                                                             ii.      Revival of medieval Gothic architecture left European countryside’s adorned with pseudo-medieval castles and cities bedecked with grandiose neo-Gothic cathedrals, city halls, parliamentary buildings, and railway stations
  6. Lit and History
    •                                                               i.      Literature rejected history
    • 1.      Walter Scott was best-selling author
    • a.      Ivanhoe: Scott tried to evoke class between Saxon and Norman knights in medieval England= popular work
  7. Attraction to bizarre and unusual
    •                                                               i.      In exaggerated form, this preoccupation gave rise to Gothic literature, evident in short stories of horror by American Poe and Frankenstein by Mary Shelley
    •                                                             ii.      Romantics sought unusual in own lives by pursuing extraordinary states of experience in dreams, nightmares, frenzies, and suicidal depression or by experimenting with cocaine, opium, and hashish