Card Set Information
abnomally low blood glucose level
abnormally high blood glucose level
interruption of normal brain function caused by burstsof abnormal electrical signals in the brain
occurs when the blood supply to an area of the brain is interrupted.
when the pancreas won't produce enough insulin or when the body loses its ability to utilize insulin properly
hormone required for the transfer of glucose from the blood to the tissues and cells where it can be used for fuel
hypERglycemic condition where the absence of insulin causes the body to metabolize other sources of energy such as fat. Blood become acidic, breath smells fruity, and AMS occurs.
AMS from untreated hyPERglycemia. same as diabetic ketoacidosis
too low blood glucose levels cause shock. usually too much insulin and not enough food, or too much exercise
Signs of hyPERglycemia
AMS, urination, thirst, nasea, vomiting, headache, fruity odor, hot dry skin, unresponsive, rapid, deep respirations.
Signs of hyPOglycemia
Rapid AMS, hunger, slurred speech, appearing intoxicated, confusion, dizziness, headache, blurred vision, irritablility, cool, clammy skin, tachycardia, seizures, unresposiveness
Normal Blood glucose range
Grand Mal Seizure
Involves 3 phases: tonic, clonic and postictal
voluntary muscles contracting.
intermittent contractions and relaxation of skeletal muscles
depressed consciousness and confusion. Drowsy, headache.
seizures that don't involve the whole brain. May only affect a portion of the body or cause AMS
rapid succession of seizures with no period of consciousness or a long seizure
Petit Mal seizure
brief lapses of attention and awareness 10-20 seconds. Eyes sometimes turn upward, eyelids sometimes flutter.
transient ischemic attack (TIA)
reversible episode of neurologic dysfunction that lasts a few minutes to a few hours.
occlusion of an artery that deprives the brain. caused by blood clots. Tx with clot busting drugs
caused by rupture of an artery with bleeding onto or into the brain. Hypertension is most common cause, can be fatal at onset. made worse with clot busting drugs.
Signs and Symptoms of a stroke
AMS, numbness, weakness on one side of the body, slurred speech, facial droop, abnormal or unequal pupils, abnormal vision, severe headache, nausea, vomiting dizziness, seizures