Card Set Information
nutrient intake that meets needs of nearly every healthy person in a particular life stage/gender.
Degree to which nutrients are
at target tissues.
Define: Whole foods
Unprocessed or unrefined, or very little processing/refinement before consumption.
Not real nutrients
Naturally active compounds
found in plant
foods (vegs, fruit, whole grains & legumes).
Have beneficial effects working with other essential nutrients to promote good health
: carotenoids (lutien, flavanoids, coumarins, indoles etc)
Define: Bioactive compounds
Naturally occuring chemical compounds contained in/derived from a
plant, animal or marine source
that exert the desired health/wellness effect.
Any condition caused by
food energy/nutrient intake or by an
Any substance the body can
take in & assimilate
that enable it to
survive & grow
nutrients in the body
, sometime also the study of human behavior related to food
The food/beverages that a person usually eats/drinks.
Components of food that are indispensible to the body's functioning.
Energy, Building Material, Maintain/Repair, Support Growth
Examples: H2O, Carbs, Fats, Protein, Vitamins, Minerals
Name the most nutrient-related diseases, followed by lesser-related.
1. Anemia (iron def), Vit+Min Def, Poor disease resistance
2. Diabetes, Hypertension, CV disease
3. Osteoporosis, Cancer, Infectious diseases
4. Down Syn, Hemophilia, Sickle-cell anemia
What are the energy-yielding nutrients?
Carbs, Fat, Protein
What are the regulatory nutrients?
Vitamins & Minerals
Unit of heat required to raise 1 kg of H2O by 1 degree
Define: Intervention study
: 1/2 organic, other half not. Measure urine contents.
Define: Epidemiological study
Example: Okinawa vs Italy
Define: Randomized control trials
Food vs placebo