ARHS Exam

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iflashelp
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207020
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ARHS Exam
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2013-03-13 17:06:15
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ARHS 120
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Second Exam
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  1. Death of Sapedon physical describtion
    • Made by Euphronios and Euxitheos.
    • Created in 515 BCE. 6th Century BCE period
    • Made of ceramics from the Greek culture.
  2. Who was Sarpedon?
    Sarpedon waas a demi-god who faught in the Trjan war. He is the son of Venus and a human king. He was taken and honored by the Greeks (who the the against the Trjans) after his death.
  3. What are the visual personifications shown in the Death of Sarpedon
    Hypnos (sleep) and Thanatos (death) are shown carrying the remains of Sarpedon to give him the proper burrial. Also Deity Hermes (the messenger god) is shown
  4. What is meant by red figure? Black figure? Which came first?
    • Red figure: Negative space is black and a red figure is shown on blacl slip.
    • Black figure: Black figure is shown on red negative space.
    • Black figure came first
  5. What type of vessel was used for the Death of Sarpedon and what was it used for?
    Calyx Krater and to mix water into wine. It resembles a big cup.
  6. Why are the Greek gods termed anthropomorphic is the Death of Sarpendon?
    It made them human like and able to feel human emotions. What makes them dieties is their supernatural power.
  7. The statue of Kouros (Kroisos).
    • Created in 580 BEC. 6th century BCE
    • Made of marble and from the Greek culture
  8. What is a Kouros?
    A Kouros is a free standing sculture that typically depicts the male youth.
  9. The Kouros was influenced by which ancient civilization and how?
    It was influenced by the Egyptian culture by standing with one foot slightly foward with the arms starght down by their side. Also nudity
  10. What is characteristicly Ancient Greek about the Kouros?
    It is a free standing, athlethic and realistic bulit figure.
  11. What is the significance of the smile of the Kouros?
    It is an archaic smile meant to engage the viewer. "the living are just as important as the dead"
  12. Poseidon
    Created by Kalamis in 460 BCE in the 5th century. Made of Broze and is of Greek culture
  13. What is an attribute?
    Something that allows the viewer to identify a person by something he or she is associated with. A tridon or bult of lightening are attributes
  14. Where was the work of Poseidon found?
    Cape Artemision in 1926. Ship wreck
  15. What is the philosophical significance of Poseidon being perfectly balanced?
    Arms and legs are of odd porportions with attempt to engage the negative space. Spike were placed in feet to balance
  16. What makes the work of Poseidon "severe"
    The odd porportions of his body
  17. Why did the Ancient Greeks turn to the lost was casting process?
    It looked better and more sever. It engage the viewers by reaching out into the negative space. The body parts of the sculpture were all made seperately and then fitted together
  18. Doryphoros
    Created by Polykletos in 450-440 BCE 5th century. It is made on Bronze and is of Greek culture. Also known as the "spear carrier" and refered to as canon portions
  19. Why might we associate the work of Doryphoros with math?
    Pythagorus felt that the canon and other music was mathemically formed by a string and different lengths of that string
  20. What is contraposto?
    relaxed pose. Figure appear to be unique from every angle
  21. Why does Doryphoros have a classical visage? What is the purpose?
    The classical vissage is an "idealic face" meant to pull the attention to the body rather than the face being the focus.
  22. Dying Gaul
    Created in 230-220 3rd century BCE. It is bronze and of Greek culture
  23. Who was the patron of the Dying Gaul
    Attalus 1
  24. What attribute mark Dying Gaul as a gual
    his hair is tossed and he wears a braided metal necklace
  25. The Parthenon
    Created in 447-438, 5th Century BCE and is of Greek culture. Made of Pentelic marble. Located at Akroplolis
  26. What is pentelic marble of The Parthenon
    a very expensive marble used to replace the roof of the original Parthenon
  27. What order is used at The Parthenon
    The doric order to pay tribute to the past/tradition
  28. who is Phidias?
    He was thought to be the best artist of his time
  29. The Parthenon was dedicated to who?
    Athena
  30. Who destroyed the original Parthenon
    in 480 BCE the Persians attacked the temple
  31. Who was Pericles?
    The ruler at the time of the attack on The Parthenon
  32. What are the visual refinements of The Parthenon
    • It was rebuilt slightly off to the right to remember the Persian war.
    • 1.They raised the stereobate, stylobate and entabture.
    • 2.Spaced the columns closer together. Wanted a disolving affect so it would fade into the horizon.
    • 3.Tilted the columns inward toward the center
    • 4. Raised the SW corner in order to appear perfectly leveled.
    • 5. Entasis (1/3 of the way up) creates an organic quality and mascularity
  33. 6anditaccia Necropolis
    Created in 520 BCE in the 6th century. Made of painted terracotta and is of Etruscan culture. Origin is Italy and is in Cerveteri.
  34. What were the funerary practices for the Etruscans?
    They made tombs which often had paintings of vibrant scenes of life with a sense of simplistic style of abstraction
  35. What does the work of Banditaccia Necropolis reveal concerning the status of women
    The female fiure seems to be gesturing or explaining something. The female and male are conversing in a sense of equality due to height but the female appears to be slightly more dominant.
  36. Husband and Wife, grave relief from Via Statilla
    created in 100-0BEC i the 1st century. From Rome, Italy. 6' tall and made of marble
  37. What is the significance of the toga?
    it is of the Republic period. The toga is a sign of upper class (senator). The fact that the man closes the toga with his right hand means h doesnt work, showing wealth and power
  38. How does the Husband and Wife, grave relief from Via Statilla reflect a continuation of Etruscan attitudes towards women?
    The wife is just as tall if not taller than her husband. She is also dressed in a toga. She is shown as having equal status and although her face seems idealized, the viewer can still see the realism
  39. What stye of art is seen in Husband and Wife, grave relief from Via Statilla?
    the grave relief of life sized figures. republic period
  40. Augustus of Prima Porta
    Created in 25 CE, 1st century. Made of marble. From Rome, Italy. 204cm.h
  41. Who is depicted in Augustus of Prima Porta
    Agustus as he is in his youth
  42. What god is being conflated with Augustus in Augustus of Prima Porta
    Cupid. The son of Venus and a dolphin
  43. Is the statue of Augustus of Prima Porta an example of idealism?
    Yes. When Augustus dies he is 76. This piece is made after his death in an idealistic way to portray his ad perfect.
  44. What is meant by the military type of imperial representation of Augustus of Prima Porta?
    The clean shave
  45. Augustus of Prima Porta
    His wife Liva had the sculpture made. It was meant to denote his as a god since he doesnt have on shoes. The piece is made by a Roman artst in controosto style and orant gesture.. He wasnt born Augustus but was give the name in 27BCE by a senate. He was born Octavius
  46. Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aureilus
    created in 175 CE in the 2nd century. made of bronze and is from Rome, italy
  47. Marcus Aurelus
    has a long curly beard to states the he is Greek. He wrote a book about his love for Rome and ancient Greece. By his pose on the horse with barely holding on he shows he has control over the natural world by defying gravity. It was meant to be a public monument, speaking to the public rather than the senate. Orant gesture
  48. Still life with eggs and thrushes
    created in 79 CE in the 1st century. Rome, Italy and is located in Pompeii. Its a fresco.
  49. What is the significance of the leaded where depicted in the still life with eggs
    Vases were made of lead. This was popular in Partition. Problems with this were mental illness and the lead makes women inphertal.
  50. Still life with eggs
    Was thought to use a cast of shadows and highlights. The figures are relative in size in comparison. The house of Julia shows forms of illusion (2D-3D) and repoussoir (push back)
  51. The colosseum
    created in 72-80 CE by Vespasian and the Flavian Dynasty in the 1st century. Rome, Italy is where it is located
  52. Where does the term colosseum derive from?
    The 8th century from the 'Guidebook'
  53. What order of architecture was used for the Colosseum?
    doric, ionic, corinthian, corinthian
  54. What is the significance of the Roman arch?
    The arch is more sturdy than Postal lentil structure.  It starts with a wooden centering and mixed architecture.
  55. What is mixed Architecture?
    A mix of various stones and concrete

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