CMA-Anatomy & physiology

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stephanie890
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207025
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CMA-Anatomy & physiology
Updated:
2013-03-13 17:19:38
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anatomy
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CMA Prep flash cards Question and Answer
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  1. Which of the following terms describes the body's ability to maintain its normal state?
    Homeostasis
  2. Each of the following is known to help prevent infection EXCEPT

    (A) tears
    (B) osteoblasts
    (C) saliva
    (D) mucous membranes
    (E) hair in the nose
    (B) osteoblasts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Each of the following mature cells has a nucleus EXCEPT

    (A) lymphocyte
    (B) basophil
    (C) monocyte
    (D) neutrophil
    (E) erythrocyte
    (E) erythrocyte
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following is flexible connective tissue that is attached to bones at the joints?
    Cartilage
  5. Each of the following is located in the mediastinum EXCEPT the

    (A) aorta
    (B) pancreas
    (C) esophagus
    (D) trachea
    (E) heart
    (B) pancreas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of the following is the body cavity that contains the pituitary gland?
     Cranial
  7. Which of the following closes and seals off the lower airway during swallowing?
    Epiglottis
  8. Which of the following is located beneath the diaphragm in the right upper quadrant of the abdominal cavity?
    Liver
  9. Which of the following anatomical regions of abdomen lies just distal to the sternum?
    Epigastric
  10. Which of the followingcavities are separated by the diaphragm?
    Thoracic and abdominal
  11. Which of the followingterms describes the motion of bending the forearm toward the body?
    Flexion
  12. In which of the following positions does a patient lie face down?
    Prone
  13. If the foot is abducted, itis moved in which direction?
    Outward
  14. The anatomic location ofthe spinal canal is
    dorsal
  15. Which of the following is astructural, fibrous protein found in the dermis?
    Collagen
  16. A patient has a fracture in which the radius is bent but not displaced, and the skin is intact. This type of fracture is known as which of the following?
    Closed, greenstick
  17. Which of the following is the large bone found superior to the patella and inferior to the ischium?
    Femur
  18. The physician directs the medical assistant to complete a request form for an x-ray study of the fibula. The procedure will be performed on which of the following structures?
    Lower leg
  19. Which of the following is a disorder characterized by uncontrollable episodes of falling asleep during the day?   
    Narcolepsy
  20. The point at which an impulse is transmitted from one neuron to another neuron is called the
    synapse
  21. Which of the following controls body temperature, sleep, and appetite?
    Hypothalamus
  22. Which of the following cranial nerves is related to the sense of smell?
    Olfactory
  23. Which of the following is asubstance that aids the transmission of nerve impulses?
    Acetylcholine
  24. The carotid pulse islocated
    on the anterior side of theneck
  25. A patient sustains severe blunt trauma to the left upper abdomen and requires surgery. The body organ most likely to be involved is the
    spleen
  26. Where is the sinoatrialnode located?
     In the upper wall of the right atrium
  27. Blood flows from the rightventricle of the heart into the
    pulmonary arteries
  28. Oxygenated blood is carriedto the heart by the
    pulmonary veins
  29. The thoracic cage is astructural unit important for
    respiration
  30. Exhaled air, when comparedwith inhaled air, contains more
    carbon dioxide and lessoxygen
  31. In the lungs, gas exchangeoccurs in tiny one-celled air sacs called
    alveoli
  32. Bile enters thegastrointestinal tract at the
    duodenum
  33. Each of the following is asegment of the large intestine EXCEPT the

    (A) ascending colon
    (B) cecum
    (C) ileum
    (D) sigmoid colon
    (E) transverse colon
     (C) ileum
  34. Which of the following conditions is characterized by incompetence of the esophageal sphincter?
    Gastroesophageal refluxdisease
  35. Which of the followingorgans removes bilirubin from the blood, manufactures plasma proteins, and isinvolved with the production of prothrombin and fibrinogen?
    Liver
  36. Which of the following is an accessory organ of the gastrointestinal system that is responsible for secreting insulin?
    Pancreas
  37. Which of the following is the lymphoid organ that is a reservoir for red blood cells and filters organisms from the blood?
    Spleen
  38. The process whereby the stomach muscles contract to propel food through the digestive tract is called
    peristalsis
  39. Saliva contains an enzyme that acts upon
    starches
  40. In men, specimens for gonococcal cultures are most commonly obtained from which of the following?
    Urethra
  41. The cluster of blood capillaries found in each nephron is the
    glomerulus
  42. Which of the following conditions is characterized by the presence of kidney stones (renal calculi)?
    Nephrolithiasis
  43. Urine flows through the urinary system in which order?
    Kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra, urethral meatus
  44. In men, which of the following structures is located at the neck of the bladder and surrounds the urethra?
    Prostate
  45. Male hormones are produced by which of the following?
    Testes
  46. Which of the following are mucus-producing glands located on each side of the vaginal opening?
     Bartholin's
  47. Fertilization of an ovum by a spermatozoon occurs in the
    fallopian tube
  48. Calcium, potassium, and sodium are classified as which of the following?
    Electrolytes
  49. Which of the following is the master gland of the endocrine system?
    Pituitary
  50. Patients with which of the following diseases are treated with injections of vitamin B-12?
    Pernicious anemia

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