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  1. Romantic Poets
    • a.      To Romantics, poetry ranked above all other literary forms because of expression of one’s soul
    •                                                               i.      Romantic poets viewed as seers who could reveal invisible world to others
    • 1.      Incredible sense of drama made some of them the most colorful figures of era, living intense but short lives
  2. Percy Bysshe Shelley
    • a.      Percy Bysshe Shelley, expelled from school for supporting atheism, tried to reform worked
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      His Prometheus Unbound, completed in 1820, is a portrait of the revolt of human beings against the laws and customs that oppress them
    • 1.      He drowned in a storm in Mediterranean
  3. Lord Byron
    • a.      Lord Byron dramatized self as melancholy Romantic hero that he described in work Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Participated in movement for Greek independence and died in Greece fighting against Ottomans
  4. Love of Nature
    •                                                               i.      Romantic poetry gave full expression to love of nature, especially through William Wordsworth
    • 1.      To him, nature contained a mysterious force that the poet could perceive and learn from
    • 2.      Nature= mirror for self- learning; alive and sacred
  5. Pantheism
    •                                                               i.      Pantheism: worship of nature by identifying great force in nature with God
    • 1.      Romantics didn’t want to do with deist God of Enlightenment, the remote creator of the world-machine
  6. Critique of Science
    •                                                               i.      Worship of natureà critique mechanistic materialism of 18th c. science, which, had reduced nature to cold object of study
    • 1.      Against that view of the natural world, Wordsworth offered own vivid and concrete experience
    • a.      To him, the scientists’ dry, mathematical approach left no room for imagination or for human soul
  7. Poet> Scientists
    •                                                                                                                                       i.      Poet did more for world than scientists who were soon forgotten
    • 1.      The monster in Shelley’s novel showed danger of science when it tries to conquer nature
  8. Romantics convinced
                                                                  i.      Many Romantics were convinced that emerging industrialization would cause people to become alienated from inner selves and natural world around them
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2013-03-13 18:08:26
HON 122

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