Photography

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
207040
Filename:
Photography
Updated:
2013-03-13 14:51:49
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Environmental Photography Rutgers
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Description:
Rutgers Environmental Photography Study Guide
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  1. At what point can a) paper and b) film be exposed to 1) safelight 2) regular light
    • a) Paper can be exposed to safelight at anytime and regular light after the fix
    • b) Film can be exposed to safelight and regular light after it the fix
  2. What does the "b" on the shutter speed dial refer to?
    Bold holds the shutter open until the shutter button is released
  3. What f/stop (ap) lets in the most light?
    The lowest number
  4. What two things does the ap effect?
    Amount of light and depth of field
  5. Shutter Speed ____ is the slowest you should use hand held
    60 or 1/focal length
  6. If you determined that your enlarger exposure time is 45 seconds at f/11, what should you do to shorten the exposure?
    • 1) go from f/11 to f/8 (lower ap #)
    • 2) printing time is now 22.5 seconds
  7. Overdeveloped or overexposed film will have a ____ negative and need a ___ contrast filter
    • dense
    • low
  8. Underdeveloped and underexposed film will have ___ negatives and need a ___ contrast filter
    • thin
    • high
  9. If a test strip exposed at 3 s intervals is stil too dark, what should you do?
    Higher ap #, work with less light
  10. Identify and define the two factors which make up the camera exposure
    • Shutter speed: duration of time shutter is open
    • Aperture: size of hole in lens
  11. If you shoot a moving subject at 2.8 @ 30, will the image more likely be crisp or blurry?
    Blurry
  12. For a properly exposed negative, if there is no detail in the whites of a print the _____ time is too ___. If there is no detail in the darks of a print the _____ time is too ___.
    • Exposure time, short
    • Exposure time, long
  13. If you have already done a test strip for a 5x7 image but then decide to print an 8x10, will the exposure time change? If yes, will it be more or less time?
    Yes, more
  14. For overexposed shots, 
    Why will you need a low contrast filter?
    Because dense negatives mean that the picture will have paper based white highlights.  A low contrast filter will allow for gray highlights
  15. Define depth of field.  Explain three factors that affect depth of field.
    • Depth of field is the zone of sharpness. 
    • It's affected by size of aperture, focal length of lens and distance from object
  16. List the steps in film processing
    • 1) developer
    • 2) stop
    • 3) fix
    • 4) rinse
    • 5) perma-wash
    • 6) rinse
    • 7) photo flow
  17. List the chem steps in print processing
    • 1) developer
    • 2) stop
    • 3) fix
    • 4) water
  18. Define ISO
    • Sensitivity of film to light
    • Increased ISO = more sensitive to light = less light needed
  19. Describe what a high contrast and a low contrast print looks like
    • Bright highlights, deep lowlights
    • Muddy
  20. Does changing filters change exposure time?
    Yes
  21. Shooting at f/2.8, which lens would give you more depth of field?
    Wide (25mm)
  22. define wide angle lens
    Wider angle of view
  23. define a normal lens
    50mm, same mag as with human vision
  24. define telephoto lens
    100mm, Binocular vision, narrower angle of view
  25. If your exposure is 5.6 at 250, what would the shutter speed be if you stopped down 3 stops?
    30s
  26. Define dodging
    Blocking light to make that part of the print lighter
  27. burning
    allowing more light to hit one particular area, Make a light area darker
  28. _____ ISO is faster film than ____ ISO.  Which one is more sensitive to light?
    • 400
    • 100
    • 400 ISO
  29. If you shoot a moving subject at 16 @ 500, will the image more likely be crisp or blurry?
    Crisp -  frozen
  30. Give the equivalent of 5.6 at 60 stopped down two stops.
    15s at 11 ap
  31. Know the table

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