Card Set Information
Environmental Photography Rutgers
Rutgers Environmental Photography Midterm Studyguide
At what point can a) paper and b) film be exposed to 1) safelight 2) regular light
a) Paper can be exposed to safelight at anytime and regular light after the fix
b) Film can be exposed to safelight and regular light after it the fix
What does the "b" on the shutter speed dial refer to?
Bold holds the shutter open until the shutter button is released
What f/stop (ap) lets in the most light?
The lowest number
What two things does the ap effect?
Amount of light and depth of field
Shutter Speed ____ is the slowest you should use hand held
60 or 1/focal length
If you determined that your enlarger exposure time is 45 seconds at f/11, what should you do to shorten the exposure?
1) go from f/11 to f/8 (lower ap #)
2) printing time is now 22.5 seconds
Overdeveloped or overexposed film will have a ____ negative and need a ___ contrast filter
Underdeveloped and underexposed film will have ___ negatives and need a ___ contrast filter
If a test strip exposed at 3 s intervals is stil too dark, what should you do?
Higher ap #, work with less light
Identify and define the two factors which make up the camera exposure
: duration of time shutter is open
: size of hole in lens
If you shoot a moving subject at 2.8 @ 30, will the image more likely be crisp or blurry?
For a properly exposed negative, if there is no detail in the whites of a print the _____ time is too ___. If there is no detail in the darks of a print the _____ time is too ___.
Exposure time, short
Exposure time, long
If you have already done a test strip for a 5x7 image but then decide to print an 8x10, will the exposure time change? If yes, will it be more or less time?
For overexposed shots,
Why will you need a low contrast filter?
Because dense negatives mean that the picture will have paper based white highlights. A low contrast filter will allow for gray highlights
Define depth of field. Explain three factors that affect depth of field.
Depth of field is the zone of sharpness.
It's affected by size of aperture, focal length of lens and distance from object
List the steps in film processing
7) photo flow
List the chem steps in print processing
Sensitivity of film to light
Increased ISO = more sensitive to light = less light needed
Describe what a high contrast and a low contrast print looks like
Bright highlights, deep lowlights
Does changing filters change exposure time?
Shooting at f/2.8, which lens would give you more depth of field?
define wide angle lens
Wider angle of view
define a normal lens
50mm, same mag as with human vision
define telephoto lens
100mm, Binocular vision, narrower angle of view
If your exposure is 5.6 at 250, what would the shutter speed be if you stopped down 3 stops?
Blocking light to make that part of the print lighter
allowing more light to hit one particular area, Make a light area darker
_____ ISO is faster film than ____ ISO. Which one is more sensitive to light?
If you shoot a moving subject at 16 @ 500, will the image more likely be crisp or blurry?
Crisp - frozen
Give the equivalent of 5.6 at 60 stopped down two stops.
15s at 11 ap
Know the table