Lidocaine

Card Set Information

Author:
Ritameeker
ID:
207076
Filename:
Lidocaine
Updated:
2013-03-13 17:22:19
Tags:
Lidocaine Xylocaine class 1B sodium channel blocker antiarrythmic paramedic study
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Description:
Lidocaine / Xylocaine
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  1. Lidocaine

    Names / Class
    Xylocaine

    • 1B Sodium channel blocker
    • Antiarrythmic
  2. Lidocaine

    Mechanism of Action
    • Decreases depolarization & automaticity in the ventricles.
    • Decreases velocity of electrical impulse through the conductive system.
  3. Lidocaine

    Onset of Action
    Peak Effect
    Duration
    Half-Life
    • <3 minutes
    • 5 - 7 minutes
    • 10 - 20 minutes
    • 1.5 - 2 hours
  4. Lidocaine

    Indications
    • V-Tach
    • V-Fib refractory to Amiodarone
    • Cardiac arrest
  5. Lidocaine

    Contraindications
    • 2nd & 3rd degree heart block
    • PVCs in conjunction with bradycardia
  6. Lidocaine

    Precautions
    • Monitor for CNS toxicity
    • Decrease dose by 50% in Pts >70 yrs old or who have liver disease
    • Bolus therapy only for cardiac arrest
  7. Lidocaine

    Side Effects
    • Anxiety
    • Drowsiness
    • Dizziness
    • Confusion
    • Nausea / Vomiting
    • Slurred speech
    • Convulsions
    • Widening of QRS complex
    • Respiratory & Cardiac arrest
    • Heart blocks
    • Seizures
  8. Lidocaine

    Adult Dose
    • Initial bolus: 1.0 - 1.5 mg/kg
    • Additional boluses of 0.5 - 0.75 mg/kg every 5 - 10 minutes until arrythmia is surpressed or until 3.0 mg/kg administered.
    • Then: 2 - 4 mg/min to maintain blood levels.
    • Reduce dose by 50% for Pts >70 years or with liver disease.
  9. Lidocaine

    Pedi Dose
    1 mg/kg
  10. Lidocaine

    Max Dose
    300 mg/hr
  11. Lidocaine

    Routes / How Supplied
    IV bolus, IV infusion

    Vial

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