Mood state characterized by marked negative affect and bodily symptoms of tension in which a person apprehensively anticipates future damage or misfortune. Anxiety may involve feelings, behaviors, and physiological responses.
Emotion of an immediate alarm reaction to present danger or lifethreatening emergencies
Sudden, Overwhelming fright or terror
Abrupt experience of intense fear or discomfort accompanied by several physical symptoms, such as dizziness or heart palpitations.
Behavior Inhibition System (BIS)
Brain circuit in the limbic system that responds to threat signals by inhibiting activity and causing anxiety.
Fight/Flight System (FFS)
Brain circuit in animals that when stimulated causes an immediate alarm-and-escape response resembling human panic.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Anxiety disorder characterized by intense, uncontrollable, unfocused, chronic, and continuous worry that is distressing and unproductive, accompanied by symptoms of tenseness, irritability, and restlessness.
Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia (PDA)
Fear and avoidance of situations the person belives might induce a dreaded panic attack.
Anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult.
Panic Disorder without Agoraphobia (PD)
Panic attacks experienced without development of agoraphobia.
Panic Control Treatment (PCT)
Cognitive-behavioral treatment for panic attacks, involving gradual exposure to feared somatic sensations and modification of perceptions and attitudes about them.
Unreasonable fear of a specific object or situation that markedly interferes with daily life functioning.
Unreasonable fear and avoidance of exposure to blood, injury, or the possibility of and injection . Victims experience fainting and a drop in blood pressure.
Anxiety involving enclosed places (ex; claustrophobia) or public transportation (ex; fear of flying).
Natural Environment Phobia
Fear of situations or events in nature, especially heights, storms, and water.
Unreasonable, enduring fear of animals or insects that usually develops early in life.
Separation Anxiety Disorder
Excessive, enduring fear in some children that harm will come to them or their parents while they are apart.
Extreme, enduring, irrational fear and avoidance of social or performance stuations.
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Enduring, distressing emotional disorder that follows exposure to a severe helplessness-or fear-inducing threat. The victim reexperiences the trauma, avoids stimuli associated with it, and develops a numbing of responsiveness and increased vigilance and arousal
Acute Stress Disorder
Severe reaction immediately following a terrifying event, often including amnesia about the event, emotional numbing, and derealization. Many victims later develop posttraumatic stress disorder.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Anxiety disorder involving unwanted, persistent, intrusive thoughts and impulses, as well as repetitive actions intended to suppress them.
Recurrent intrusive thoughts or impulse the client seeks to suppress or neutralize while recognizing it is not imposed by outside forces.
Repetitive, ritualistic, time-consuming behavior or mental act a person feels driven to perform.