CMA Anatomy & Physiology

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stephanie890
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207092
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CMA Anatomy & Physiology
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2013-03-13 17:51:49
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anatomy
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CMA Prep flash cards Multiple Choice and Answer
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  1. Which of the following terms describes the body's ability to maintain its normal state?

    (A) Metabolism
    (B) Tolerance
    (C) Homeostasis
    (D) Catabolism
    (E) Anabolism
    (C) Homeostasis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Each of the following is known to help prevent infection EXCEPT

    (A) hair in the nose
    (B) saliva
    (C) mucous membranes
    (D) tears
    (E) osteoblasts
    (E) osteoblasts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Each of the following mature cells has a nucleus EXCEPT

    (A) lymphocyte
    (B) basophil
    (C) monocyte
    (D) neutrophil
    (E) erythrocyte
    (E) erythrocyte
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following is flexible connective tissue that is attached to bones at the joints?

    (A) Epithelial
    (B) Adipose
    (C) Nerve
    (D) Muscle
    (E) Cartilage
    (E) Cartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Each of the following is located in the mediastinum EXCEPT the

    (A) trachea
    (B) heart
    (C) pancreas
    (D) aorta
    (E) esophagus
    (C) pancreas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of the following is the body cavity that contains the pituitary gland?

    (A) Abdominal
    (B) Cranial
    (C) Pleural
    (D) Spinal
    (E) Thoracic
    (B) Cranial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which of the following closes and seals off the lower airway during swallowing?

    (A) Epiglottis
    (B) Alveoli
    (C) Vocal cords
    (D) Larynx
    (E) Uvula
    (A) Epiglottis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which of the following is located beneath the diaphragm in the right upper quadrant of the abdominal cavity?

    (A) Appendix
    (B) Stomach
    (C) Spleen
    (D) Kidney
    (E) Liver
    (E) Liver
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following anatomical regions of abdomen lies just distal to the sternum?

    (A) Lumbar
    (B) Umbilical
    (C) Epigastric
    (D) Hypochondriac
    (E) Hypogastric
    (C) Epigastric
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following cavities are separated by the diaphragm?

    (A) Abdominal and pelvic
    (B) Thoracic and abdominal
    (C) Cranial and spinal
    (D) Pericardial and pleural
    (E) Dorsal and ventral
    (B) Thoracic and abdominal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following terms describes the motion of bending the forearm toward the body?

    (A) Flexion
    (B) Pronation
    (C) Abduction
    (D) Eversion
    (E) Supination
    (A) Flexion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. In which of the following positions does a patient lie face down?
    (A) Prone
    (B) Dorsal
    (C) Erect
    (D) Lateral
    (E) Supine
    (A) Prone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. If the foot is abducted, it is moved in which direction?

    (A) Upward
    (B) Downward
    (C) Inward
    (D) Outward
    (D) Outward
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The anatomic location of the spinal canal is

    (A) frontal
    (B) transverse
    (C) ventral
    (D) caudal
    (E) dorsal
    (E) dorsal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following is a structural, fibrous protein found in the dermis?

    (A) Collagen
    (B) Sebum
    (C) Melanin
    (D) Lipocyte
    (E) Heparin
    (A) Collagen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. A patient has a fracture in which the radius is bent but not displaced, and the skin is intact. This type of fracture is known as which of the following?

    (A) Compound, transverse
    (B) Open, spiral
    (C) Closed, greenstick
    (D) Complex, comminuted
    (E) Simple, pathologic
    (C) Closed, greenstick
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following is the large bone found superior to the patella and inferior to the ischium?
    (A) Calcaneus
    (B) Tibia
    (C) Symphysis pubis
    (D) Ulna
    (E) Femur
    (E) Femur
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The physician directs the medical assistant to complete a request form for an x-ray study of the fibula. The procedure will be performed on which of the following structures?

    (A) Heel
    (B) Toes
    (C) Thigh
    (D) Lower leg
    (E) Pelvis
    (D) Lower leg
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following is a disorder characterized by uncontrollable episodes of falling asleep during the day?

    (A) Hydrocephalus
    (B) Narcolepsy
    (C) Dyslexia
    (D) Epilepsy
    (E) Shingles
    (B) Narcolepsy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. The point at which an impulse is transmitted from one neuron to another neuron is called the

    (A) terminal plate
    (B) glial cell
    (C) nerve center
    (D) dendrite
    (E) synapse
    (E) synapse
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which of the following controls body temperature, sleep, and appetite?

    (A) Pancreas
    (B) Thalamus
    (C) Thyroid gland
    (D) Adrenal glands
    (E) Hypothalamus
    (E) Hypothalamus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Which of the following cranial nerves is related to the sense of smell?

    (A) Hypoglossal
    (B) Vagus
    (C) Olfactory
    (D) Abducens
    (E) Trochlear
    (C) Olfactory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Which of the following is a substance that aids the transmission of nerve impulses?

    (A) Acetylcholine
    (B) Cholecystokinin
    (C) Prolactin
    (D) Oxytocin
    (E) Deoxyribose
    (A) Acetylcholine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The carotid pulse is located

    (A) in the antecubital space
    (B) on the anterior side of the neck
    (C) in the middle of the groin
    (D) in front of the ears and just above eye level
    (E) on the medial aspect of the wrist
    (B) on the anterior side of the neck
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. A patient sustains severe blunt trauma to the left upper abdomen and requires surgery. The body organ most likely to be involved is the

    (A) urinary bladder
    (B) appendix
    (C) gallbladder
    (D) pancreas
    (E) spleen
    (E) spleen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Where is the sinoatrial node located?

    (A) In the upper wall of the left ventricle
    (B) Between the right atrium and the right ventricle
    (C) Between the left atrium and the left ventricle
    (D) In the interventricular septum
    (E) In the upper wall of the right atrium
    (E) In the upper wall of the right atrium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Blood flows from the right ventricle of the heart into the

    (A) pulmonary veins
    (B) inferior vena cava
    (C) right atrium
    (D) left ventricle
    (E) pulmonary arteries
    (E) pulmonary arteries
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Oxygenated blood is carried to the heart by the
    (A) carotid arteries
    (B) superior vena cava
    (C) pulmonary veins
    (D) aorta
    (E) inferior vena cava
    (C) pulmonary veins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The thoracic cage is a structural unit important for

    (A) mentation
    (B) respiration
    (C) urination
    (D) alimentation
    (E) menstruation
    (B) respiration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Exhaled air, when compared with inhaled air, contains more

    (A) oxygen and less carbon dioxide
    (B) oxygen and less carbon monoxide
    (C) carbon dioxide and less oxygen
    (D) nitrogen and less carbon dioxide
    (E) oxygen and less nitrogen
    (C) carbon dioxide and less oxygen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. In the lungs, gas exchange occurs in tiny one-celled air sacs called

    (A) alveoli
    (B) bronchioles
    (C) capillaries
    (D) pleurae
    (E) bronchi
    (A) alveoli
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Bile enters the gastrointestinal tract at the

    (A) ileocecum
    (B) pyloric sphincter
    (C) gastroesophageal sphincter
    (D) jejunum
    (E) duodenum
    (E) duodenum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Each of the following is a segment of the large intestine EXCEPT the

    (A) transverse colon
    (B) cecum
    (C) ascending colon
    (D) sigmoid colon
    (E) ileum
    (E) ileum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Which of the following conditions is characterized by incompetence of the esophageal sphincter?

    (A) Pyloric stenosis
    (B) Crohn's disease
    (C) Gastroesophageal reflux disease
    (D) Stomatitis
    (E) Esophageal varices
    (C) Gastroesophageal reflux disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which of the following organs removes bilirubin from the blood, manufactures plasma proteins, and is involved with the production of prothrombin and fibrinogen?

    (A) Gallbladder
    (B) Liver
    (C) Kidney
    (D) Spleen
    (E) Stomach
    (B) Liver
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Which of the following is an accessory organ of the gastrointestinal system that is responsible for secreting insulin?

    (A) Spleen
    (B) Adrenal gland
    (C) Gallbladder
    (D) Pancreas
    (E) Liver
    (D) Pancreas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Which of the following is the lymphoid organ that is a reservoir for red blood cells and filters organisms from the blood?

    (A) Pancreas
    (B) Gallbladder
    (C) Thymus
    (D) Spleen
    (E) Appendix
    (D) Spleen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. The process whereby the stomach muscles contract to propel food through the digestive tract is called

    (A) peristalsis
    (B) secretion
    (C) emulsion
    (D) regurgitation
    (E) absorption
    (A) peristalsis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Saliva contains an enzyme that acts upon

    (A) fats
    (B) proteins
    (C) starches
    (D) vitamins
    (E) minerals
    (C) starches
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. In men, specimens for gonococcal cultures are most commonly obtained from which of the following?

    (A) Anus
    (B) Urethra
    (C) Skin
    (D) Testicle
    (E) Bladder
    (B) Urethra
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. The cluster of blood capillaries found in each nephron is the

    (A) renal pelvis
    (B) glomerulus
    (C) Loop of Henle
    (D) afferent arteriole
    (E) renal tubule
    (B) glomerulus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. Which of the following conditions is characterized by the presence of kidney stones (renal calculi)?

    (A) Pyelonephritis
    (B) Glomerulonephritis
    (C) Interstitial nephritis
    (D) Nephrolithiasis
    (E) Polycystic kidney
    (D) Nephrolithiasis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Urine flows through the urinary system in which order?

    (A) Bladder, urethra, kidney, urethral meatus, ureter
    (B) Kidney, urethra, urethral meatus, bladder, ureter
    (C) Kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra, urethral meatus
    (D) Bladder, kidney, ureter, urethra, urethral meatus
    (E) Urethra, bladder, ureter, kidney, urethral meatus
    (C) Kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra, urethral meatus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. In men, which of the following structures is located at the neck of the bladder and surrounds the urethra?

    (A) Prostate
    (B) Vas deferens
    (C) Scrotum
    (D) Epididymis
    (E) Seminal vesicle
    (A) Prostate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Male hormones are produced by which of the following?

    (A) Glans penis
    (B) Testes
    (C) Prostate
    (D) Prepuce
    (E) Vas deferens
    (B) Testes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Which of the following are mucus-producing glands located on each side of the vaginal opening?

    (A) Parotid
    (B) Adrenal
    (C) Bartholin's
    (D) Corpus luteum
    (E) Bulbourethral
    (C) Bartholin's
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Fertilization of an ovum by a spermatozoon occurs in the

    (A) fallopian tube
    (B) cervix
    (C) ovary
    (D) uterus
    (E) vagina
    (A) fallopian tube
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Calcium, potassium, and sodium are classified as which of the following?

    (A) Androgens
    (B) Catecholamines
    (C) Electrolytes
    (D) Estrogens
    (E) Prostaglandins
    (C) Electrolytes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Which of the following is the master gland of the endocrine system?

    (A) Pineal
    (B) Thyroid
    (C) Adrenal
    (D) Pancreas
    (E) Pituitary
    (E) Pituitary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Patients with which of the following diseases are treated with injections of vitamin B-12?

    (A) Crohn's disease
    (B) Diabetes mellitus
    (C) Bell's palsy
    (D) Pernicious anemia
    (E) Graves' disease
    (D) Pernicious anemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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