CMA Medical Terminology

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stephanie890
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207103
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CMA Medical Terminology
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2013-03-13 18:36:15
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Medical Terminology
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CMA Exam Prep Multiple Choice and Answer
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  1. The general meaning of "corpus" is

    (A) trunk
    (B) chest
    (C) head
    (D) body
    (E) abdomen
    (D) body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following is the term for an abnormally low white blood cell count?

    (A) Anemia
    (B) Leukopenia
    (C) Leukemia
    (D) Leukoplakia
    (E) Leukocytosis
    (B) Leukopenia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. An area of dead myocardial tissue is called

    (A) angina pectoris
    (B) an infarct
    (C) hypertrophy
    (D) stenosis
    (E) an induration
    (B) an infarct
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The term "lithiasis" means

    (A) abnormal condition of stones (D) penetrating a cavity
    (B) constriction of tissue
    (C) dissolving
    (E) stretching of tissue
    (A) abnormal condition of stones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Menarche refers to which of the following?

    (A) Beginning of menstruation (B) Development of female characteristics
    (C) End of childhood
    (D) End of pregnancy
    (E) Primary infertility
    (A) Beginning of menstruation
  6. Adipose tissue is made of which of the following?

    (A) Skin
    (B) Muscles
    (C) Tendons
    (D) Fat cells
    (E) Lymph nodes
    (D) Fat cells
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which of the following terms refers to the ability to breathe comfortably only when in an upright position?

    (A) Eupnea
    (B) Apnea
    (C) Dyspnea
    (D) Orthopnea
    (E) Hypercapnia
    (D) Orthopnea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Which of the following is the term for abnormally large breasts in men?

    (A) Gynephobia
    (B) Gynecomania
    (C) Gynoplastics
    (D) Gynecomastia
    (E) Gynander
    (D) Gynecomastia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following terms means drainage from the nose?

    (A) Rhinophyma
    (B) Rhinorrhea
    (C) Rhinomycosis
    (D) Rhinorrhaphy
    (E) Rhinolalia
    (B) Rhinorrhea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The combining form "cephal/o" refers to the

    (A) spine
    (B) head
    (C) abdomen
    (D) neck
    (E) ribs
    (B) head
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The prefix pertaining to fingernail is

    (A) omphal-
    (B) onco-
    (C) odont-
    (D) onych-
    (E) olfact-
    (D) onych-
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Inflammation of a sweat gland is known as

    (A) colitis
    (B) hidradenitis
    (C) rhinitis
    (D) fasciitis
    (E) pimelitis
    (B) hidradenitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The prefix meaning outside or outer is

    (A) exo-
    (B) dia-
    (C) peri-
    (D) ana-
    (E) epi-
    (A) exo-
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The prefix "brady-" means

    (A) downward
    (B) without
    (C) irregular
    (D) slow
    (E) away from
    (D) slow
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The patient's complaint of painful menstrual periods will be documented in the medical record as

    (A) metrorrhagia
    (B) menorrhagia
    (C) dysmenorrhea
    (D) menorrhea
    (E) amenorrhea
    (C) dysmenorrhea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which of the following suffixes refers to eating?

    (A) "phasia"
    (B) "plegia"
    (C) "praxia"
    (D) "phonia"
    (E) "phagia"
    (E) "phagia"
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following terms refers to pain?

    (A) Dysplasia
    (B) Urticaria
    (C) Hemiplegia
    (D) Diplopia
    (E) Arthralgia
    (E) Arthralgia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the following is the definition for aphagia?

    (A) Inability to hear
    (B) Inability to swallow
    (C) Loss of hair
    (D) Pain free
    (E) Extreme thirst
    (B) Inability to swallow
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following suffixes means "incision into"?

    (A) -stomy
    (B) -tomy
    (C) -ectomy
    (D) -plasty
    (E) -scopy
    (B) -tomy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following is the CORRECT spelling for the plural of bronchus?

    (A) Bronchii
    (B) Bronchae
    (C) Broncha
    (D) Bronchi
    (E) Bronchuses
    (D) Bronchi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. Which of the following is the plural form of the medical term that means chest?

    (A) Apices
    (B) Pleurae
    (C) Alveoli
    (D) Calyces
    (E) Thoraces
    (E) Thoraces
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The notation "subq" indicates an area between

    (A) bone and bone marrow
    (B) dermis and muscle
    (C) fascia and bone
    (D) muscle and vein
    (E) muscle and bone
    (B) dermis and muscle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. OS is a standard abbreviation for

    (A) left eye
    (B) left ear
    (C) right eye
    (D) both eyes
    (E) right ear
    (A) left eye
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Instructions to take a medication "pc" means

    (A) at bedtime
    (B) before meals
    (C) every morning
    (D) after meals
    (E) when needed
    (D) after meals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. "K" is the symbol for

    (A) calcium
    (B) iron
    (C) potassium
    (D) barium
    (E) hydrogen
    (C) potassium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following is the chemical symbol for iron?

    (A) F
    (B) I
    (C) Ir
    (D) Fr
    (E) Fe
    (E) Fe
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which of the following is the term for reconstruction of the eardrum?

    (A) Otoplasty
    (B) Tympanoplasty
    (C) Stapedectomy
    (D) Tympanocentesis
    (E) Myringotomy
    (B) Tympanoplasty
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Colporrhaphy is the repair of the

    (A) spleen
    (B) bladder
    (C) vagina
    (D) uterus
    (E) intestines
    (C) vagina
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which of the following terms describes surgical fixation of the uterus in a suspended position?

    (A) Hysterectomy
    (B) Hysteroscopy
    (C) Hysterotripsy
    (D) Hysterodesis
    (E) Hysteropexy
    (E) Hysteropexy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. A pyloromyotomy is performed in which of the following body systems?

    (A) Nervous
    (B) Reproductive
    (C) Musculoskeletal
    (D) Gastrointestinal
    (E) Cardiovascular
    (D) Gastrointestinal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which of the following is a surgical procedure in which a pendulous breast is lifted and fixed to the chest wall?

    (A) Mastectomy
    (B) Mastostomy
    (C) Mastopexy
    (D) Mastotomy
    (E) Mesopexy
    (C) Mastopexy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which of the following is an incision made to enlarge the opening of the external urethra?

    (A) Meatotomy
    (B) Pyelostomy
    (C) Nephrostomy
    (D) Cystotomy
    (E) Ureterotomy
    (A) Meatotomy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Korotkoff sounds are evaluated when

    (A) counting the apical heartbeat (B) determining the blood pressure
    (C) performing ultrasonography (D) counting the respirations
    (E) evaluating the pulse
    (B) determining the blood pressure
  34. Which of the following is a nonsterile procedure?

    (A) Amniocentesis
    (B) Peritoneal dialysis
    (C) Proctosigmoidoscopy
    (D) Renal biopsy
    (E) Cystoscopy
    (C) Proctosigmoidoscopy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which of the following is a procedure in which synovial fluid is removed for analysis?

    (A) Apheresis
    (B) Arthroscopy
    (C) Articulation
    (D) Arthrocentesis
    (E) Arthrography
    (D) Arthrocentesis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Which of the following procedures is indicated when an abnormal growth is identified on barium enema x-ray study?

    (A) Arthroscopy
    (B) Colonoscopy
    (C) Colposcopy
    (D) Bronchoscopy
    (E) Cystoscopy
    (B) Colonoscopy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. A patient scheduled for echoencephalography will undergo a study of which of the following?

    (A) Brain
    (B) Abdomen
    (C) Spine
    (D) Heart
    (E) Lungs
    (A) Brain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which of the following physicians specializes in treating patients with diseases of the liver?

    (A) Oncologist
    (B) Rheumatologist
    (C) Nephrologist
    (D) Hematologist
    (E) Hepatologist
    (E) Hepatologist
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Which of the following branches of medicine specializes in the study of the musculoskeletal system?

    (A) Nephrology
    (B) Gynecology
    (C) Orthopedics
    (D) Pediatrics
    (E) Urology
    (C) Orthopedics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. A patient with encephalitis is most likely to be treated by which of the following specialists?

    (A) Hematologist
    (B) Neurologist
    (C) Oncologist
    (D) Radiologist
    (E) Endocrinologist
    (B) Neurologist
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. A cystoscope is an instrument used most commonly by a specialist in

    (A) gastroenterology
    (B) gynecology
    (C) urology
    (D) endocrinology
    (E) radiology
    (C) urology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. A patient who has hypergonadism, prolactinoma, and hirsutism will most likely be referred to which of the following specialists?

    (A) Endocrinologist
    (B) Immunologist
    (C) Gerontologist
    (D) Rheumatologist
    (E) Pathologist
    (A) Endocrinologist
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Polydipsia, polyuria, good appetite with weight loss, and blurred vision are signs and symptoms of

    (A) diabetes mellitus
    (B) gout
    (C) hypothyroidism
    (D) polyposis coli
    (E) marasmus
    (A) diabetes mellitus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Dysphonia is a common symptom of which of the following conditions?

    (A) Rhinitis
    (B) Stomatitis
    (C) Pneumonitis
    (D) Laryngitis
    (E) Iritis
    (D) Laryngitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Which of the following is a malignant tumor of the eye that is known to be hereditary?

    (A) Glioblastoma
    (B) Pheochromocytoma
    (C) Neuroblastoma
    (D) Osteocarcinoma
    (E) Retinoblastoma
    (E) Retinoblastoma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Which of the following are round bacteria that grow in pairs?

    (A) Bacilli
    (B) Streptococci
    (C) Staphylococci
    (D) Spirilla
    (E) Diplococci
    (E) Diplococci
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Which of the following words is MISSPELLED?

    (A) Edematous
    (B) Basaphil
    (C) Myeloid
    (D) Hemopoiesis
    (E) Adenopathy
    (B) Basaphil
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Which of the following medical terms is spelled CORRECTLY?

    (A) Opthalmology
    (B) Larinx
    (C) Prostrate
    (D) Albumine
    (E) Hemorrhoid
    (E) Hemorrhoid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Which of the following spellings is CORRECT?

    (A) Abecess
    (B) Absess
    (C) Abces
    (D) Abscus
    (E) Abscess
    (E) Abscess
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Which of the following is the CORRECT spelling for the focusing ability of the eye?

    (A) Acommodation
    (B) Acommedation
    (C) Accommodation
    (D) Acomodation
    (E) Accomedation
    (C) Accommodation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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