Jewish Terms

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sivie13
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207119
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Jewish Terms
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2013-03-15 19:10:58
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Jewish terms
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study for midterm exam
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  1. The Jewish Sabbath, from Friday at sundown until Saturday at sundown
    Shabbat
  2. Ceremonial family blessing and meal Friday night to welcome the Sabbath
    Kiddush
  3. The special braided bread baked specially for the Sabbath meal
    Challah
  4. A family ceremony on Saturday night marking the end of Sabbath
    Havdalah
  5. The term which describes the Jewish "kosher" dietary laws
    Kashrut
  6. The term describing food as "fit" or "proper" in Judaism
    Kosher
  7. The word means "torn" and describes un-kosher food
    Treif
  8. This word describes foods which are considered "neutral"
    Pareve
  9. Covenant biblical circumcision for Jewish males
    Brit Mila
  10. A ceremony where 13 year old Jewish boys become "son of the commandment"
    Bar Mitzvah
  11. A similar ceremony (in Reform Judaism) for girls who have turned 12 years old
    Bat Mitzvah
  12. The term means "walk" or "way" -- describes the body of Jewish law and practice
    Halakah
  13. The most sacred prayer in Judaism - repetition in Hebrew of Deuteronomy 6:4-9
    Shema
  14. The Jewish "prayer shawl" with colored bands and fringes
    Talit
  15. A linen undershirt with fringes worn by some Orthodox men
    Talit Katan
  16. The biblical Hebrew term for "fringe" -- the fringes worn on the Talit prayer shawl
    Tzitzit
  17. Small leather prayer boxes bound to the head and arm during prayer
    Tefilin
  18. The word means "doorpost" -- a small container with a scripture passage inside
    Mezuza
  19. Jewish "skull cap" worn by males for prayer and sacred occasions
    Kippa
  20. Hebrew term for the ram's horn blown on Rosh Ha-Shannah and holy occasions
    Shofar
  21. Hebrew term for "lamp" with multiple arms
    Menorah
  22. The Jewish New Year, beginning day of the month of Fall holidays
    Rosh Ha-Shannah
  23. The biblical Day of Atonement, a solemn day of fasting in Judaism
    Yom Kippur
  24. Rosh Ha-Shannah, followed by Yom Kippur, ten days later
    High Holy Days
  25. The weeklong Feast of Tabernacles (or Booths) each Fall
    Sukkot
  26. The "eighth" additional holiday right after the seven days of Sukkot
    Shemini Atzeret
  27. The "joyful day of Torah" at the end of the Sukkot week each Fall
    Simhat Torah
  28. The biblical Spring festival of Passover (Unleavened Bread)
    Pessah/Pessach
  29. The ritual feast (meal) of Passover, the term means "order"
    Seder
  30. The biblical Feast of Weeks, early Summer festival 50 days after Pessah
    Shavuot/Shavuos
  31. The "Ninth of Av" -- summer day of mourning destruction of the temple
    Tisha Be-Av
  32. The term means "dedication" -- refers to the Winter "Feast of Dedication"
    Hanukah
  33. This is the specific term for the nine-armed Hanukah menorah
    Hanukiah
  34. A small, four sided top which children play with at Hanukah
    Driedel
  35. The early Spring celebration involving the reading of the story of Esther
    Purim (Lots)
  36. The term for mystical (even magical) Jewish traditions of the middle ages
    Kabalah
  37. The Jewish meeting house or house of worship (house of assembly)
    Synagogue
  38. "Law"
    Torah
  39. "Prophets"
    Nevi'im
  40. "Writings"
    Ketuvim
  41. Pharisees
    Prushim
  42. Sadducees
    Tzadukim or Zadokites
  43. wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls
    Essene
  44. written law delivered to Moses at Mount Sinai
    Torah
  45. Oral law delivered to Moses but not written
    Mishnah
  46. Rabbis' commentary on the meaning of the written Mishnah
    Gemara
  47. Mishnah combined with Gemara
    Talmud
  48. "sent one" ambassador
    apostolos
  49. "manager" Bishop
    episkopos
  50. taught that the Logos or Son of God should be differentiated from God the Father
    Justin Martyr (100-165)
  51. First to use the term trinity
    Tertullian (160-225)
  52. taught that the Father, Son, and Spirit are modes of the same single God, and that there is no essential difference between them
    Sabellius (215)
  53. The Father and Son are two distinct persons (hypostases) - Son = premortal Logos creator with the Father, and Mediator ... sharply opposed modalism of Sabellius
    Origen (185-254)
  54. Constantinople
    Byzantium
  55. Compromise language, which attempted to accommodate both views: those bishop who advocated "trinity," and those who advocated three individuals in the Godhead
    Nicene Creed 325 AD
  56. same substance
    homoousios
  57. similar substance
    homoiousios
  58. the term for the system of belief
    Islam
  59. term for the individual believer
    Muslim
  60. the majority of Islam
    Sunni Islam
  61. the large minority of Islam
    Shi'ite Islam
  62. the small mystic minority
    Sufi Islam
  63. The central religious text of Islam
    Quran
  64. Islamic traditions and history (about Muhammad) not in the Quran
    Hadith
  65. the term for the collective body of Islamic law required of society
    Sharia
  66. witness, testimony
    shahada
  67. Muhammad birth
    570
  68. Abdullah
    Father
  69. Amina
    Mother
  70. Abu Talib
    Uncle
  71. quraysh
    tribe
  72. hashimi
    clan
  73. Muhammad marries Khadija (40 years old, he only 25)
    AD 595
  74. Muhammad receives first vision
    610
  75. Muhammad's year of trial:
    Khadija died
    Abu Talib died
    AD 619
  76. Muhammad's Jerusalem vision
    619 "Night Journey"
  77. The Hijra (flight) date
    622 AD
  78. Muhammad marries
    623
  79. religious capital of Islam
    Mecca
  80. Muhammad's political capital
    Medina
  81. Muhammad dies
    632
  82. Shahada
    Testimony
  83. Salat
    Prayer
  84. Zakat
    Religious Tax
  85. Sawm
    Fasting
  86. Hajj
    Pilgrimage to Mecca
  87. fasting season is the month of...
    Ramadan
  88. sixth pillar - holy struggle or holy war
    Jihad

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