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Bill Of Rights
First 10 amendment of the U.S. constitution
- “all other persons”
- -Not necessarily 3/5 of a person, but
- were less efficient producers of wealth than free people.
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
- -Weak central government
- -No power to tax
- -Not able to regulate interstate and foreign commerce.
- -Not able to amend without unanimous
- agreement of congress
- Divided into three branches of government.
- -Legislature would have two houses
- one voted on by the people
- one voted on by the members’ of the first house
- -Executive Branch
- Unspecified number
- Selected by the legislature
- Hold office for a single term
New Jersey Plan
- Small states feared that because of the larger states populations they would dominate in representation
- -large states get the house of representative
- -small states get the senate
The Great Compromise
- Committee was formed to resolve the dead lock
- House in favor of large state
- senate in favor of small states
- presidency one person executive
Purpose of Federalist Papers
Who were the authors?
Was to convince for the need of the constitution to be ratified.
- totalitarism- controls everything in a society gov't has unlimited power
- -socialism central gov't plays strong role in the economy
- -communism trends toward totalitarianism
- -democratic socialism guarantees civil liberties and allow their citizens to determine the extent of the gov't activity through free elections and competitive parties
- - libertarianism or laissez fair favors free enterprise
- - anarchism opposes all government. freedom above all
Embodied in a decision-making process that involves four elements: 1. Universal participation 2. Political equality Who can vote (Idaho/Californi) 3. Majority rule What type of majority 4. Responsive government
Representative Democracy Two types of representatives
Substantive Democratic Theory Embodied in the substance of government policies rather than in the policymaking procedure. Civil Liberties Civil Rights
- Majoritarian Model of Democracy Government by
- the people is interpreted as government
- by the majority of the people.
Pluralist Democracy Innumerable Groups – interest groups What do they share in common? economic, religious, ethnic, cultural
- social change
- government intervention
- redistribution of wealth
- individual freedoms
- pro labor
- maintain status quo
- private intervention
- less government intervention
- strict constitutional adherence
- religious right
The Belief that a small group of individuals are ruling the nation.
What is Republicanism?
Republic of the U.S; we elect officials to represent us.
Constitution vs. Articles of Confederation
- Congress meets
- to revise the Articles of Confederation.
- but Rhode Island meet
What are Check and Balances?
Federal law trumps state laws.
How was slavery dealt with in the constitution?
They were not given right because of the fear that the southern states would susede from the union.
Marbury Vs Madison case
Why is it important?
The purpose of Federal Income Tax?
Was to help further social equality .
What is Sovereignty?
Who has it?
A political entity’s externally recognized right to exercise final authority over its affairs.
Which Amendment deals with the election of the US senators?
The 17th Amendment of 1913.
What is Universal Participation?
What is the goal of the 1st Continental Congress?
To restore harmony with Great Britain and the american colonies.
Philadelphia, PA September 1774
What is the goal of the 2cnd Continental Congress?
- To reconcile with the British and prepare for the war.
- May 1775
- July 1776 Second Continental Congress voted for
History of the Declaration of Independence
- June 7, 1776
- A committee of five men are appointed to prepare a proclamation expressing the colonies reasons for
- declaring independence.
- -That the
- people have a right to revolt if they determine that their government is
- denying them their legitimate rights.
- -Thomas Jefferson was the main writer.
- - July 4 1776
Story of Shay's Rebellion
What is pointed out?
- Daniel shays a farmer and war veteran, in massachusettes
Rebellion was against high taxes and interest rates.
- 1500 march on court house to stop
- State Militia raised in Boston
- privately financed…4000 strong.
It revealed the weakness of the central gov't to deal with national emergencies.
When was the Constitution written?
What is the Separation of powers?
- Executive enforces law
- legislative makes laws
- judicial interprets laws
Why was the separation of power incorporated in the constitution?
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