Health Assessment-Eyes

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Health Assessment-Eyes
2013-03-14 11:31:47

health assessment definitions
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  1. accommodation
    adaptation of the eye for near vision by increasing the curvature of the lens
  2. anisocoria
    unequal pupil size
  3. arcus senilis
    gray-white arc or circle around the limbus of the iris that is common with aging
  4. Argyll Robertson pupil
    pupil does not react to light; does constrict with accommodation
  5. astigmatism
    refractive error of vision d/t differences in curvature in refractive surfaces of the eye (cornea & lens)
  6. A-V crossing
    crossing paths of an artery and vein in the ocular fundus
  7. Bitemporal hemianopsia
    loss of both temporal visual fields
  8. Blepharitis
    inflammation of the glands and eyelash follicles along the margin of the eyelids
  9. Cataract
    opacity of the lens of the eye that develops slowly with aging and gradually obstructs vision
  10. Chalazion
    infection or retention cyst of a meibomian gland, showing as a beady nodule on the eyelid
  11. conjunctivitis
    infection of the conjunctiva, (pinkeye)
  12. Cotton-wool area
    abnormal soft exudates visible as gray-white areas on the ocular fundus
  13. Cup-disc ratio
    ratio of the width of the physiologic cup to the width of the optic disc, normally half or less
  14. diopter
    unit of strength of the lens settings on the opthalmoscope that changes focus on the eye structures
  15. diplopia
    double vision
  16. drusen
    benign deposits on the ocular fundus that show as round yellow dots and occur commonly with aging
  17. ectropin
    lower eyelid loose and rolling outward
  18. exophthalmos
    protruding eyeballs
  19. fovea
    area of keenest vision at the center of the macula on the ocular fundas
  20. glaucoma
    a group of eye diseases characterized by increased intraocular pressure
  21. hordeolum
    (stye) red, painful pustule that is a localized infection of hair follicle at eyelid margin
  22. lid lag
    the abnormal white rim of sclera visible b/w the upper eyelid and the iris when a person moves the eyes downward
  23. macula
    round, darker area of the ocular fundus that mediates vision only from the central visual field
  24. microaneurysm
    abnormal finding of round red dots on the occular fundus that are localized dilations of small vessels
  25. miosis
    constricted pupils
  26. mydriasis
    dilated pupils
  27. myopia
    "nearsighted"; refractive error in which near vision is better than far vision
  28. nystagmus
    involuntary, rapid, rhythmic movement of the eyeball
  29. OD
    oculus dexter, or right eye
  30. Optic atrophy
    pallor of the optic disc d/t partial or complete death of optic nerves
  31. optic disc
    area of ocular fundus; sign of increased intracranial pressure
  32. OS
    oculus sinister, left eye
  33. Papilledema
    stasis of blood flow out of the ocular fundus; sign of increased intracranial pressure
  34. presbyopia
    decrease in power of accommodation that occurs with aging
  35. pterygium
    triangular opaque tissue on the nasal side of the conjunctiva that grows toward the center of the cornea
  36. ptosis
    drooping of upper eyelid over the iris and possible covering pupil
  37. red reflex
    red glow that appears to fill the person's pupil when first visualized through the opthalmoscope
  38. strabismus
    (squint, crossed eye) disparity of the eye axes
  39. xanthelasma
    soft, raised yellow plaques occurring on the skin at the inner corners of the eyes