Psych exam 2.txt

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Psych exam 2.txt
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2013-03-14 11:26:54
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Eli Psych exam 2
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  1. Damage to which part of the brain causes amnesia for explicit memories?
    Hippocampus
  2. To access a memory, we may activate associations called ______?
    Declarative memories
  3. ____ Intelligence involves well-defined problems having one right answer?
    Analytical
  4. Which in incorporating misleading information into one's memory of an event?
    Misinformation effect
  5. Which type of memory gives us conscious recall?
    Explicit
  6. Presenting an issue in two different but logically equivalent ways is ____?
    Framing effect
  7. Deja vu most commonly happens to those who are ____?
    Well educated and imaginative
  8. What is the duration of echoic memory?
    3-4sec
  9. Classical conditioning associates _____ and operant conditioning associates _____?
    • two stimuli
    • a response and a consequence
  10. At that level of mental retardation does someone require constant aid and supervision?
    Profound
  11. Children who experience high levels of physical punishment tend to be ____?
    Aggressive
  12. Memories recovered via hypnosis or guided imaginary are ___?
    Unreliable
  13. ROYGBIV is an example of ____?
    Chinking and Pneumonic divice
  14. Imagination effects involve ____?
    Recalling things that never happened
  15. Remembering the first and last item in a list is the ___?
    Serial position effect
  16. Which kind of memory is processed by the cerebellum?
    Implicit memory
  17. Children learn by imitating adults and other models. This is ___?
    Observational learning
  18. What is source amnesia?
    Claiming to have witnessed an event you only heard about.
  19. Spanking is a form of what?
    Punishment
  20. Typing your old password instead of your new one is ______?
    Proactive interference
  21. What is the definition of a fixed ratio schedule?
    Reward after a specified number of responses
  22. A procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward a goal is ____?
    Discrimination learning
  23. The prolonged strengthening of neural firing is called ____?
    Procedural learning
  24. What is the latent learning?
    Learning that may not be apparent until an incentive is offered.
  25. A clear memory of an emotionally significant event is?
    Flashbulb memory
  26. What is sensory memory?
    Immediate and brief recording of information into memory
  27. Cognitive psychologists study?
    Decision- making
  28. When do children enter the stage which involved telegraphic speech?
    24months
  29. When asked to imagine a bird, most people would imagine a robin rather than a penguin because a robin is _____?
    A prototype.
  30. IQ was traditionally calculated by dividing mental age by ___?
    Chronological age
  31. When we're happy we recall happy memories. This is ____?
    Mood-congruent
  32. The process of defining meaningful scores relative to pretested group is ___?
    Standardization
  33. Rehearsal is ____?
    Effortful processing
  34. ______ Involves linking several behaviors into one rewarding routine.
    Chaining
  35. Which produces a response that prepares the organism for biologically significant event over which it has no control?
    Classical conditioning
  36. What is the ability to produce ideas that are both novel and valuable?
    Creativity
  37. Why is forgetting a good thing?
    We'd e cluttered with useless information if we didn't
  38. Which are the 4 basic types of reinforcers?
    • Positive
    • Negative
    • primary
    • Conditioned
  39. A relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience is called ____?
    Learning
  40. The ability to perceive, understand, manage and use emotions is ____?
    Emotional intelligence
  41. A person with amnesia may still be able to learn new skills by way of ___?
    • Implicit memory
    • Procedural memory
  42. The tendency to cling to one's beliefs in the face of contrary evidence is ____?
    Belief perseverance
  43. When does retroactive interference occur?
    • When new information interferes with old information
    • (password example)
  44. What is an example of an unconditioned response?
    Salivating to food
  45. What is an example of a unconditioned stimulus ?
    Food
  46. What is an example of a conditioned response?
    Salivating to bell
  47. What is an example of a conditioned stimulus?
    Bell
  48. List and give an example of the 4 partial reinforcement schedules?
  49. What is the difference between punishment and negative reinforcement.
  50. What are the seven methods for improving memory?
    • Rehearsal
    • Sleep

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