diuretic durgs.txt

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diuretic durgs.txt
2013-03-14 14:04:53
diuretic durgs

diuretic durgs
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  1. Open-angle glaucoma
    "A condition in which pressure is elevated in the eye because of obstruction of the outflow of aqueous humor, but access to the trabecular meshwork remains open. (p. 405)"
  2. Aldosterone
    A mineralocorticoid steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex that mediates the actions of the renal tubule in the regulation of sodium and potassium balance in the blood. (p. 404)
  3. Ascites
    An abnormal intraperitoneal accumulation of fluid (defined as a volume of 500 mL or more) containing large amounts of protein and electrolytes. (p. 407)
  4. Diuretics
    Drugs or other substances that tend to promote the formation and excretion of urine. (p. 403)
  5. Glomerulus
    The cluster of kidney capillaries that marks the beginning of the nephron and is immediately proximal to the proximal convoluted tubule. (p. 404)
  6. Filtrate
    "The material that passes through a filter. In the case of the kidney, the filter is the glomerulus and the filtrate is the material extracted from the blood (normally liquid) that ultimately becomes urine. (p. 404)"
  7. Nephron
    "The microscopic functional filtration unit of the kidney, consisting of (in anatomical order from proximal to distal) the glomerulus, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule, and collecting duct, which empties urine into the ureters. There are approximately 1 million nephrons in each kidney. (p. 404)"
  8. Collecting duct
    "The most distal part of the nephron between the distal convoluted tubule and the ureters, which lead to the urinary bladder. (p. 404)"
  9. Glomerular capsule
    "The open, rounded, and most proximal part of the proximal convoluted tubule that surrounds the glomerulus and receives the filtrate from the blood. (p. 404)"
  10. Loop of Henle
    The part of the nephron between the proximal and distal convoluted tubules. (p. 404)
  11. Distal convoluted tubule
    The part of the nephron immediately distal to the ascending loop of Henle and proximal to the collecting duct. (p. 404)
  12. Proximal convoluted (twisted) tubule
    The part of the nephron that is immediately distal to the glomerulus and proximal to the loop of Henle. (al 403)
  13. Afferent arterioles
    The small blood vessels approaching the glomerulus (proximal part of the nephron). (p. 404)
  14. Efferent arterioles
    The small blood vessels exiting the glomerulus. At this point blood has completed its filtration in the glomerulus. (p. 404)
  15. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
    The volume of ultrafiltrate extracted per unit of time from the plasma flowing through the glomeruli of the kidney. (p. 404)