Card Set Information

2013-03-14 14:07:59

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  1. Air embolus
    A quantity of air that circulates in the bloodstream to eventually lodge in a blood vessel. (Potter 1216)
  2. Ampule
    Small sterile glass or plastic container that usually contains a single dose of solution to be administered parenterally. (Potter 1216)
  3. Anaphylactic reaction
    "Exaggerated hypersensitivity reaction to a previously encountered antigen. It is a severe and sometimes fatal systemic reaction characterized by itching, hyperemia, angioedema, and in severe cases vascular collapse, bronchospasm, and shock. (Potter 1216)"
  4. Aqueous
    Watery or waterlike; referring to a medication prepared with water. (Potter 1216)
  5. Aspirate
    Withdrawal of fluid or air into the barrel of a syringe or suction device. (Potter 1216)
  6. Blunt-tip vial access cannula
    A needleless cannula designed to be inserted into vial adapter or for needle-less access to fill a syringe. (Potter 1217)
  7. Bolus
    "A large, round preparation of medicinal material for oral ingestion; a dose of a medication or a contrast material injected all at once intravenously. (Potter 1217)"
  8. Compatibility
    "The quality or state of existing together in harmony. The formation of a stable chemical or biochemical system, specifically in medication, so that two or more drugs can be administered at the same time without producing side effects. (Potter 1218)"
  9. Continuous subcutaneous infusion (CSQI or CSCI)
    A method of medication administration in which medication is administered continuously into the subcutaneous tissue using a medication infusion pump. (Potter 1218)
  10. Diluent
    Agent that makes a solution or mixture thinner or more liquid by admixture. (Potter 1219)
  11. Extravasation
    The inadvertent infiltration of intravenous fluids or medications into the subcutaneous tissues surrounding the infusion site. (Potter 1220)
  12. Hematemesis
    Vomiting of blood. (Potter 1220)
  13. Hematuria
    Abnormal presence of blood in the urine. (Potter 1220)
  14. Heparin lock
    An intravenous needle connected to a small “well” that allows for the intermittent injection of medication without the need for repeated venipuncture. (Potter 1220)
  15. Hypodermoclysis
    "The injection of an isotonic or hypotonic solution into subcutaneous tissue to supply a continuous and large amount of fluid, electrolytes, and nutrients. (Potter 1221)"
  16. Incompatibility
    Describes two medications of different chemical makeup that cannot be mixed together. (Potter 1221)
  17. Induration
    "Hardening of a tissue, particularly the skin. (Potter 1221)"
  18. Infusion
    "Introduction of a fluid such as a drug, electrolyte, or nutrient directly into a vein by means of gravity flow. (Potter 1221)"
  19. Intradermal (ID) injection
    Form of injection in which a solution is introduced into the dermal skin layer. (Potter 1221)
  20. Parenteral
    Not in or through the digestive system. (Potter 1224)
  21. Piggyback infusion
    Method for administering intravenous (IV) medications intermittently; a piggyback IV set is a supplementary set that connects with the primary IV tubing. (Potter 1224)
  22. Tandem setup
    An infusion mini-bag and tubing inserted into an injection port farthest away from a patient; used for administration of a prepared intravenous admixture. (Potter 1227)
  23. Vial
    Glass container with a metal-enclosed rubber seal. (Potter 1228)
  24. Volume-control administration set (Volutrol)
    "Used to administer hourly fluids and intermittent intravenous medications, usually to children. A fluid chamber holds 100 to 150 mL of fluid to be infused over a specific period. (Potter 1228)"
  25. Z-track method
    Method for injecting irritating medications into muscle without tracking residual medication through sensitive tissues. (Potter 1228)
  26. Central venous access device (CVAD)
    "A catheter placed in a large central vein to give medication, fluids, or blood product. (Potter 1217)"
  27. Embolus (emboli)
    "A foreign object, a quantity of air or gas, a bit of tissue or tumor, or a piece of thrombus that circulates in the bloodstream until it becomes lodged in a vessel. (Potter 1219)"
  28. Exit site
    Point at which a catheter leaves a body site. (Potter 1219)
  29. Implanted subcutaneous port
    A central venous catheter with a reservoir surgically placed under the skin that may remain in place for a prolonged period to obtain blood samples and administer medications. (Potter 1221)
  30. Injection cap
    A rubber diaphragm covering a plastic cap. Permits needle insertion into a catheter or vial. (Potter 1221)
  31. IV plug
    A small rubber or plastic cap that connects to the open end of a patient's IV access catheter. Also referred to as injection cap because a needle can be inserted into the rubber cap for the administration or aspiration of fluids. (Potter 1222)
  32. Noncoring Huber needle
    A specially designed needle (straight or a 90-degree needle) intended for use with a vascular access device. This needle permits penetration into the chamber of the vascular access device without causing damage and thus permits repeated administration of medication directly into a patient's bloodstream. (Potter 1223)
  33. Nontunneled percutaneous central venous catheters
    "Harmful, injurious, or detrimental to health. (Potter 1223)"
  34. Over-the-needle catheter (ONC)
    "A type of angiocatheter. The needle used for peripheral IV access is encased in a catheter made of Teflon, plastic, or another flexible material. After the needle pierces the skin, the catheter is threaded into a vein and the needle is withdrawn. The catheter remains in the vein for the instillation of fluid. (Potter 1223)"
  35. Percutaneous
    "Performed through the skin, such as a biopsy or the aspiration of fluid from a space below the skin using a needle, catheter, and syringe. (Potter 1224)"
  36. Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC)
    A peripherally inserted catheter that extends to the superior vena cava or right atrium. (Potter 1224)
  37. Saline lock
    See heparin lock. (Potter 1225)
  38. Smart pump
    "Infusion devices, referred to as a “smart pump” by the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP), are commercially available infusion systems that perform a “test of reasonableness” to check that programming is within preestablished institutional limits before infusion can begin. (Potter 1226)"
  39. Subcutaneous tunnel
    A tunnel under the skin between the exit site of a catheter and the entrance into a body cavity (such as the epidural space) or vein. (Potter 1226)
  40. Thrombosis
    An abnormal vascular condition in which thrombus develops within a blood vessel of the body. (Potter 1227)
  41. Tunneled central venous catheters
    A catheter surgically inserted into a vein in the neck or chest and passed under the skin. Only the end of the catheter is brought through the skin; medications can be administered through this end of the catheter. (Potter 1227)