Lecture #4

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jessjohnson0617
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207297
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Lecture #4
Updated:
2013-04-16 14:58:11
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Anatomy Physiology Medical Terminology
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Thurston County EMT
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  1. supine
    pt is lying flat on their back
  2. prone
    pt is lying face down on stomach
  3. lateral recumbent (recovery) position
    pt is lying on left or right side; be sure to not block the airway or cause excessive pressure on chest.
  4. fowler's position
    pt is lying on their back with upper body elevated at 45-60 degree angle
  5. semi-fowler's
    pt is lying on back with upper body elevated at angle less than 45 degrees
  6. trendelenburg position
    pt is lying on back with legs elevated higher than the head and body on an incline plane (head down, legs up)
  7. sagittal plane
    vertical plane that runs lengthwise and divides the body into right and left segments. segments do not have to be equal
  8. midsagittal plane
    vertical plane that runs lengthwise and divides the body into equal left and right segments
  9. frontal or conronal plane
    divides the body into front and back halves
  10. transverse or horizontal plane
    parallel with the ground and divides body into upper and lower halves
  11. midline
    the line that divides the entire body into left and right halves
  12. midaxillary line
    divides the entire body into front and back, line runs from ears down to ankles
  13. transverse line
    a horizontal line drawn through the body, front to back, at the waist
  14. superior plane
    above the waist from the transverse line
  15. inferior plane
    below the waist from the transverse line
  16. anterior
    towards the front
  17. posterior
    towards the back
  18. dorsal
    towards the back or spine
  19. ventral
    towards the front or abdomen
  20. medial
    towards the midline or center of the body
  21. lateral
    left or right side of the midline, or away from the midline
  22. proximal
    near the point of reference
  23. distal
    distant, or far from the point of reference
  24. midclavicular
    center of each of the collar bones
  25. midaxillary
    the center of the armpit, extends down to ankle
  26. plantar
    sole of the foot
  27. palmer
    the palm of the hand
  28. right upper quadrant (RUQ) consists of
    • liver
    • right kidney
    • pancreas
    • gallbladder
    • small intestine
  29. left upper quadrant (LUQ) consists of
    • liver
    • spleen
    • left kidney
    • stomach
    • colon pancreas
    • small intestine
  30. right lower quadrant (RLQ) consists of
    • colon
    • small intestine
    • right ureter
    • appendix
    • right ovary (female)
    • right fallopian tube (female)
  31. left lower quadrant (LLQ) consists of
    • colon
    • small intesting
    • left ureter
    • left ovary (female)
    • left fallopian tube (female)
  32. cervical spine
    c1-c7 (neck)
  33. thoracic spine
    t1-t12 (upper back)
  34. lumbar spine
    L1-L5 (lower back)
  35. sacral spine
    s1-s5 (back wall of pelvis)
  36. coccyx
    tailbone
  37. orbits
    eye sockets
  38. maxillae
    fused bones of the upper jaw
  39. zygomatic bones
    cheekbones
  40. mandible
    • lower jaw
    • largest and strongest bone of face
  41. manubruim
    the superior portion of the sternum
  42. iliac crest
    "wings" of the pelvis
  43. ischium
    posterior and inferior portion of the pelvis
  44. acetabulum
    the pelvic socket
  45. patella
    kneecap
  46. tibia
    weight bearing bone located at the anterior and medial side of the shin
  47. fibula
    attached to the tibia at the top and is located at the lateral side of the leg, parallel to the tibia
  48. malleolus
    the knobby surface landmarks on the ankle joint
  49. calcaneus
    heel bone
  50. acromion
    tip of the shoulder girdle
  51. radius
    lateral bone of the forearm
  52. ulna
    medial bone of the forearm
  53. olercranon
    the part of the ulna that forms the bony prominence of the elbow
  54. flexion
    bending toward the body or decreasing the angle between the bones or parts of the body
  55. extension
    straightening away from the body or increasing the angle between the bones or parts of the body
  56. abduction
    movement away from the midline
  57. adduction
    movement towards the midline
  58. circumduction
    a combo of four preceding motions as is possible with the shoulder joint
  59. supination
    turning the forearm so the palm of the hand is turned toward the front
  60. pronation
    turning the forearm so the palm of the hand is turned toward the back
  61. ball and socket joints
    • permits the widest ROM
    • ex: shoulder and hip
  62. hinged joint
    • permits flexion and extension
    • knee, elbow, finger
  63. pivot joint
    • allows for turning motion
    • ex: head and neck, 1st and 2nd cervical vebtebrae, wrist
  64. gliding joint
    • simplest movement between two bones
    • ex: connect the small bones in the hands and feet
  65. saddle joint
    • permits a combo of limited movements along perpendicular planes
    • ex: the ankle allowing the foot to turn inward as it moves up and down
  66. condyloid joint
    • modified ball and socket joint
    • permits limited motion in two different directions
    • ex: wrist - allows hand to move side to side and up and down but not rotate completely
  67. veins
    carry blood toward the heart
  68. arteries
    carry blood away from the heart
  69. capilaries
    exchange site between blood and tissues
  70. atria
    upper chamber of the heart
  71. ventricles
    the lower chambers of the heart
  72. tricuspid valve
    valve between the right atrium and left ventricle
  73. pulmonary vavle
    at the base of the pulmonary artery in the right ventricle
  74. mitral valve/bicuspid valve
    between the left atrium and left ventricle
  75. aortic valve
    at the base of the aortic artery in the left ventricle
  76. aorta
    • major artery from heart
    • lies in front of the spine and passes through the thoracic and abdominal cavities
  77. coronary arteries
    vessels that supply the heart itself with blood
  78. carotid arteries
    • one on each side of the neck
    • supply the brain and head with blood
  79. femoral arteries
    major artery of the thigh and supplies the groin and leg with blood
  80. dorsalis pedis arteries
    an artery in the foot, can be felt in top surface of the foot on the big-toe side
  81. posterior tibial arteries
    travel from the calf to the foot, can be felt posterior to the medial malleolus
  82. brachial arteries
    major artery of the upper arm
  83. radial artery
    major artery of the arm distal to the elbow joint
  84. pulmonary arteries
    • originate in the right ventricle of the heart
    • carry O2 depleted blood to the lungs
  85. arterioles
    • the smallest kind of artery
    • carry blood from the arteries into the capillaries
  86. capillaries
    • tiny blood vessels that connect an arteriole into a venule
    • has walls that allow for the exchange of gases, nutrients, and waste at the cellular level
  87. venules
    • smallest branch of veins
    • connected to the distal ends of capillaries
  88. veins
    carries blood back to the heart
  89. red blood cells
    • give blood it's color
    • carry O2 to the body cells
    • carry CO2 away from the cells
  90. white blood cells
    part of the body's immune system to help defend against infection

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