Sex_Glossary2.txt

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Balut1964
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207298
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Sex_Glossary2.txt
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2013-03-14 16:25:14
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Chapters 11 20 Sexual Psychology
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Sexual expression glossary Chapters 11 to 20
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  1. Mere-exposure effect
    The tendency to like someone more if we have been exposed to him or her repeatedly.
  2. Homophily
    The tendency to have contact with people equal in social status.
  3. Matching phenomenon
    The tendency for men and women to choose as partners people who match them, that is, who are similar in attitudes, intelligence, and attractiveness.
  4. Intimacy
    A quality of relationships characterized by commitment, feelings of closeness and trust, and self-disclosure.
  5. Self-disclosure
    Telling personal things about yourself.
  6. Love story
    A story about what love should be like, including characters, a plot, and a theme.
  7. Passionate love
    A state of intense longing for union with the other person and of intense physiological arousal.
  8. Companionate love
    A feeling of deep attachment and commitment to a person with whom one has an intimate relationship.
  9. Operational definition
    Defining some concept or term by how it is measured, for example, defining intelligence as those abilities that are measured by IQ tests.
  10. Two-component theory of love
    Berscheid and Walster's theory that two conditions must exist simultaneously for passionate love to occur: physiological arousal and attaching a cognitive label ("love") to the feeling.
  11. Misattribution of arousal
    When one is in a stage of physiological arousal (e.g., from exercising or being in a frightening situation), attributing these feelings to love or attraction to the person present.
  12. Intent
    What the speaker means.
  13. Impact
    What someone else understands the speaker to mean.
  14. Effective communicator
    A communicator whose impact matches his or her intent.
  15. "I" language
    Speaking for yourself, using the word "I," not mind reading.
  16. Mind reading
    Making assumptions about what your partner thinks or feels.
  17. Documenting
    Giving specific examples of the issue being discussed.
  18. Leveling
    Telling your partner what you are feeling by stating your thoughts clearly, simply, and honestly.
  19. Editing
    Censoring or not saying things that would be deliberately hurtful to your partner or that are irrelevant.
  20. Paraphrasing
    Saying, in your own words, what you thought your partner meant.
  21. Nonverbal communication
    Communication not through words, but through the body; for example, eye contact, tone of voice, touching.
  22. Validation
    Telling your partner that, given his or her point of view, you can see why he or she thinks a certain way.
  23. Fighting fair
    A set of rules designed to make arguments constructive rather than destructive.
  24. Gender role
    A set of norms, or culturally defined expectations, that define how people of one gender ought to behave.
  25. Stereotype
    A generalization about a group of people (e.g., men) that distinguishes them from others (e.g., women).
  26. Acculturation
    The process of incorporating the beliefs and customs of a new culture.
  27. Socialization
    The ways in which society conveys to the individual its norms or expectations for his or her behavior.
  28. Penile strain gauge
    A device used to measure physiological sexual arousal in the male; it is a flexible loop that fits around the base of the penis.
  29. Photoplethysmograph
    An acrylic cylinder placed inside the vagina to measure physiological sexual arousal in the female. Also called a photometer.
  30. Person-centered sex
    Sexual expression in which the emphasis is on the relationship and emotions between the two people.
  31. Body-centered sex
    Sexual expression in which the emphasis is on the body and physical pleasure.
  32. Transsexual
    A person who believes he or she was born with the body of the other gender. See also transgender and gender reassignment.
  33. Gender reassignment
    The process for transsexuals to change their body to the other gender.
  34. Gender dysphoria
    Unhappiness with one's gender; another term for transsexualism.
  35. Transgender
    A category including transsexuals, those who think of themselves as a third gender, transvestites, gender benders, and others.
  36. Male-to-female transsexual (MTF)
    A person who is born with a male body but who has a female identity and wishes to become a female biologically in order to match her identity.
  37. Female-to-male transsexual (FTM)
    A person born with a female body whose gender identity is male and who wishes to undergo gender reassignment.
  38. Gender identity disorder (GID)
    A strong and persistent crossgender identification.
  39. Buccal smear
    A test of genetic sex, in which a small scraping of cells is taken from the inside of the mouth, stained, and examined under a microscope.
  40. Sexual orientation
    A person's erotic and emotional orientation toward members of his or her own gender or members of the other gender.
  41. Homosexual
    A person whose sexual orientation is toward members of the same gender.
  42. Heterosexual
    A person whose sexual orientation is toward members of the other gender.
  43. Bisexual
    A person whose sexual orientation is toward both men and women.
  44. Lesbian
    A woman whose sexual orientation is toward other women.
  45. Gay
    Homosexual; especially male homosexuals.
  46. Straight
    Heterosexual; that is, a person whose sexual orientation is toward members of the opposite gender.
  47. Homophobia
    A strong, irrational fear of homosexuals; negative attitudes and reactions to homosexuals.
  48. Antigay prejudice
    Negative attitudes and behaviors toward gays and lesbians. Also termed sexual prejudice.
  49. Heterosexism
    The belief that everyone is heterosexual and that heterosexuality is the norm; homosexuality is denigrated.
  50. Covert homosexual
    A homosexual who is "in the closet," who keeps his or her sexual orientation a secret.
  51. Overt homosexual
    A homosexual who is "out of the closet," who is open about his or her sexual orientation.
  52. Coming out
    The process of acknowledging to oneself, and then to others, that one is gay or lesbian.
  53. Gay baths
    Clubs where gay men can socialize; features include a swimming pool or whirlpool and access to casual sex.
  54. Sexual identity
    One's self-identity as homosexual, heterosexual, or bisexual.
  55. Medical model
    A theoretical model in psychology and psychiatry in which mental problems are thought of as sickness or mental illness; the problems in turn are often thought to be due to biological factors.
  56. Conversion or reparative therapy
    Any one of a number of treatments designed to turn LGBs into heterosexuals; also called reparative therapy.
  57. Deprivation homosexuality
    Homosexual activity that occurs in certain situations, such as prisons, when people are deprived of their regular heterosexual activity.
  58. Paraphilia
    Recurring, intense, unconventional sexual fantasies, urges, or behavior that is obsessive and compulsive.
  59. Fetishism
    A person's sexual fixation on some object other than another human being and attachment of great erotic significance to that object.
  60. Media fetish
    A fetish whose object is anything made of a particular substance, such as leather.
  61. Form fetish
    A fetish whose object is a particular shape, such as high-heeled shoes.
  62. Transvestism
    The practice of deriving sexual gratification from dressing as a member of the other gender.
  63. Drag queen
    A male homosexual who dresses in women's clothing.
  64. Female impersonator
    A man who dresses up as a woman as part of a job in entertainment.
  65. Sexual sadist
    A person who derives sexual satisfaction from inflicting suffering or humiliation on another person.
  66. Sexual masochist
    A person who derives sexual satisfaction from experiencing pain.
  67. Bondage and discipline
    The use of physical or psychological restraint to enforce servitude, from which both participants derive sensual pleasure.
  68. Dominance and submission
    The use of power consensually given to control the sexual stimulation and behavior of the other person.
  69. Compulsive sexual behavior
    A disorder in which the individual experiences intense, uncontrollable sexually arousing fantasies, urges, and associated sexual behaviors.
  70. Voyeur
    A person who becomes sexually aroused from secretly viewing nudes; secretly watching people who are nude.
  71. Scoptophilia
    A sexual variation in which the person becomes sexually aroused by observing others' sexual acts and genitals.
  72. Exhibitionism/exhibitionist
    Showing one's genitals in a public place, to passersby; indecent exposure. A person who derives sexual gratification from exposing his genitals to others in inappropriate situations.
  73. Nymphomania
    An excessive, insatiable sex drive in a woman.
  74. Satyriasis
    An excessive, insatiable sex drive in a man; also called Don Juanism.
  75. Hypersexuality
    An excessive, insatiable sex drive in either men or women.
  76. Asexuality
    Having no sexual attraction to a person of either sex.
  77. Asphyxiophilia
    The desire to induce in oneself a state of oxygen deficiency in order to create sexual arousal or to enhance excitement and orgasm; also called hypoxyphilia.
  78. Zoophilia
    Sexual contact with an animal; also called bestiality or sodomy.
  79. Frotteurism
    Rubbing one's genitals against the body of a nonconsenting person.
  80. Troilism
    Three people having sex together.
  81. Saliromania
    A desire to damage or soil a woman or her clothes.
  82. Coprophilia
    Deriving sexual satisfaction from contact with feces.
  83. Necrophilia
    Deriving sexual satisfaction from contact with a dead person.
  84. Rape
    Nonconsenting oral, anal, or vaginal penetration obtained by force, by threat of bodily harm, or when the victim is incapable of giving consent.
  85. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
    Long-term psychological distress suffered by someone who has experienced a terrifying event.
  86. Posttraumatic growth
    Positive life changes and psychological development following exposure to trauma.
  87. Marital rape
    The rape of a person by her or his current or former spouse.
  88. Victim-precipitated rape
    The view that rape is a result of a woman "asking for it."
  89. Sexual solicitation of youth on the Internet
    Cases in which a sexual predator "meets" a child or adolescent online, gains the youth's confidence, and arranges an in-person meeting.
  90. Incest
    Sexual activity between relatives.
  91. Pedophilia
    Child molesting, an adult having sexual activity with a prepubescent child.
  92. Prostitutes/commercial sex workers
    Persons who engage in sexual acts in return for money or drugs and do so in a promiscuous, fairly nondiscriminating fashion.
  93. Call girl
    The most expensive and exclusive category of prostitutes.
  94. Brothel
    A house of prostitution.
  95. In-call service
    A residence in which prostitutes work regular shifts, selling sexual services on an hourly basis.
  96. Massage parlor
    A place where massages, as well as sexual services, can generally be purchased.
  97. Out-call service
    A service that sends a prostitute or sex worker to a location specified by the client to provide sexual services.
  98. Streetwalker
    A lower-status prostitute or sex worker who walks the streets selling sexual services.
  99. Pimp
    A prostitute's companion, protector, and master.
  100. Madam
    A woman who manages a brothel, in-call, out-call, or escort service.
  101. Sex trafficking
    The recruitment and control of persons for sexual exploitation.
  102. Gigolo
    A male who provides companionship and sexual gratification on a continuing basis to a woman in exchange for money.
  103. Hustler
    A male sex worker who sells his services to men.
  104. Sex tourism
    Leisure travel with the purpose of purchasing sexual services.
  105. Pornography
    Sexually arousing art, literature, or films.
  106. Obscenity
    That which is offensive to decency or modesty, or calculated to arouse sexual excitement or lust.
  107. Kiddie porn
    Pictures or films of sexual acts involving children.
  108. Sexual disorder
    A problem with sexual response that causes a person mental distress.
  109. Lifelong sexual disorder
    A sexual disorder that has been present ever since the person began sexual functioning.
  110. Acquired sexual disorder
    A sexual disorder that develops after a period of normal functioning.
  111. Hypoactive sexual desire (HSD)
    A sexual disorder in which there is a lack of interest in sexual activity; also termed inhibited sexual desire or low sexual desire.
  112. Discrepancy of sexual desire
    A sexual disorder in which the partners have considerably different levels of sexual desire.
  113. Sexual aversion disorder
    A disorder in which the person feels an actual aversion or repulsion toward sex.
  114. Female sexual arousal disorder (FSAD)
    A sexual disorder in which there is a lack of response to sexual stimulation.
  115. Erectile disorder
    The inability to have or maintain an erection.
  116. Lifelong erectile disorder
    Cases of erectile disorder in which the man has never had an erection sufficient to have intercourse.
  117. Acquired erectile disorder
    Cases of erectile disorder in which the man at one time was able to have satisfactory erections but can no longer do so.
  118. Premature (early) ejaculation
    A sexual disorder in which the man ejaculates too soon and believes he cannot control when he ejaculates.
  119. Male orgasmic disorder
    A sexual disorder in which the male cannot have an orgasm, even though he is highly aroused and has had a great deal of sexual stimulation.
  120. Female orgasmic disorder
    A sexual disorder in which the woman is unable to have an orgasm.
  121. Situational orgasmic disorder
    A case of orgasmic disorder in which the woman is able to have an orgasm in some situations (e.g., while masturbating) but not in others (e.g., while having sexual intercourse).
  122. Dyspareunia
    Painful intercourse.
  123. Vaginismus
    A sexual disorder in which there is a spastic contraction of the muscles surrounding the entrance to the vagina, in some cases so severe that intercourse is impossible.
  124. Organic factors of sexual disorders
    Physical factors, such as disease or injury, that cause sexual disorders.
  125. Prior learning
    Things that people have learned earlier—for example, in childhood—that now affect their sexual response.
  126. Immediate causes
    Various factors that occur in the act of lovemaking that inhibit sexual response.
  127. Cognitive interference
    Negative thoughts that distract a person from focusing on the erotic experience.
  128. Spectatoring
    Masters and Johnson's term for acting as an observer or judge of one's own sexual performance; thought to contribute to sexual disorders.
  129. Behavior therapy
    A system of therapy based on learning theory, in which the focus is on the problem behavior and how it can be modified or changed.
  130. Sensate focus exercise
    A part of the sex therapy developed by Masters and Johnson in which one partner caresses the other, the other communicates what is pleasurable, and there are no performance demands.
  131. Cognitive–behavioral therapy
    A form of therapy that combines behavior therapy and restructuring of negative thought patterns.
  132. Kegel exercises
    A part of sex therapy for women with orgasmic disorder, in which the woman exercises the muscles surrounding the vagina; also called pubococcygeal or PC muscle exercises.
  133. Bibliotherapy
    The use of a self-help book to treat a disorder.
  134. Viagra
    A drug used in the treatment of erectile disorder; sildenafil.
  135. Penile prosthesis
    A surgical treatment for erectile dysfunction, in which inflatable tubes are inserted into the penis.
  136. Chlamydia
    An organism causing a sexually transmitted disease. The symptoms in males are a thin, clear discharge and mild pain on urination; females are frequently asymptomatic.
  137. Asymptomatic
    Having no symptoms.
  138. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
    An infection and inflammation of the pelvic organs, such as the fallopian tubes and the uterus, in the female.
  139. HPV
    Human papillomavirus, the organism that causes genital warts.
  140. Genital warts
    A sexually transmitted infection causing warts on the genitals.
  141. Genital herpes
    A sexually transmitted disease, the symptoms of which are small, painful bumps or blisters on the genitals.
  142. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)
    A sexually transmitted disease that destroys the body's natural immunity to infection so that the person is susceptible to and may die from a disease such as pneumonia or cancer.
  143. HIV
    Human immunodeficiency virus; the virus that causes AIDS.
  144. AZT
    A drug used to treat HIV-infected persons; also called ZDV.
  145. Gonorrhea
    A sexually transmitted infection that usually causes symptoms of a puslike discharge and painful, burning urination in the male but is frequently asymptomatic in the female.
  146. Syphilis
    A sexually transmitted infection that causes a chancre to appear in the primary stage.
  147. Chancre
    A painless, ulcerlike lesion with a hard, raised edge that is an early symptom of syphilis.
  148. Primary-stage syphilis
    The first few weeks of a syphilis infection during which the chancre is present.
  149. Secondary-stage syphilis
    The second stage of syphilis, occurring several months after infection, during which the chancre has disappeared and a generalized body rash appears.
  150. Latent syphilis
    The third stage of syphilis, which may last for years, during which symptoms disappear although the person is still infected.
  151. Late syphilis
    The fourth and final stage of syphilis, during which the disease does damage to major organs of the body such as the lungs, heart, or brain.
  152. Congenital syphilis
    A syphilis infection in a newborn baby resulting from transmission from an infected mother.
  153. Hepatitis B
    A liver disease that can be transmitted sexually or by needle sharing.
  154. Trichomoniasis
    A form of vaginitis causing a frothy white or yellow discharge with an unpleasant odor.
  155. Pubic lice
    Tiny lice that attach themselves to the base of pubic hairs and cause itching; also called crabs.
  156. Vaginitis
    An irritation or inflammation of the vagina, usually causing a discharge.
  157. Monilia
    A form of vaginitis causing a thick, white discharge; also called candida or yeast infection.
  158. Prostatitis
    An infection or inflammation of the prostate gland.
  159. Ethics
    A system of moral principles; a way of determining right and wrong.
  160. Hedonism
    A moral system based on maximizing pleasure and avoiding pain.
  161. Asceticism
    An approach to life emphasizing discipline and impulse control.
  162. Legalism
    Ethics based on the assumption that there are rules for human conduct and that morality consists of knowing the rules and obeying them.
  163. Situationism
    Ethics based on the assumption that there are no absolute rules, or at least very few, and that each situation must be judged individually.
  164. Pederasty
    Sex between an older man and a younger man, or a boy; sometimes called boy love.
  165. Fertility cult
    A form of nature religion in which the fertility of the soil is encouraged through various forms of ritual magic, often including ritual sexual intercourse.
  166. Dualism
    A religious or philosophical belief that body and spirit are separate and opposed to each other and that the goal of life is to free the spirit from the bondage of the body; thus a depreciation of the material world and the physical aspect of humanity.
  167. Celibacy
    The practice of remaining celibate, or unmarried. Sometimes used to refer to abstaining from sexual intercourse, the correct term for which is chastity.
  168. Humanism
    A philosophical system that denies a divine holds that ethical judgments must be made on the basis of human experience and human reason.
  169. Moralism
    A religious or philosophical attitude that emphasizes moral behavior, usually according to strict standards, as the highest goal of human life. Moralists tend to favor strict regulation of human conduct to help make people good.
  170. Pluralism
    A philosophical or political attitude that affirms the value of many competing opinions and believes that the truth is discovered in the clash of diverse perspectives. Pluralists, therefore, believe in the maximum human freedom possible.
  171. Adultery
    Voluntary sexual intercourse by a husband or wife with someone other than one's spouse; thus betrayal of one's marriage vows.
  172. Fornication
    The term for sex by unmarried persons and, more generally, all immoral sexual behavior.
  173. Somatic cell nuclear transfer
    A cloning technique that involves substituting genetic material from an adult's cell for the nucleus of an egg.
  174. Therapeutic cloning
    Creating cells or tissues that are genetically identical to those of a patient, to treat a disease.
  175. Fornication
    The term for sex by unmarried persons and, more generally, all immoral sexual behavior.
  176. Victorian compromise
    The decision not to criminalize behavior per se and instead criminalize conduct that is visible to the outside world.
  177. Rape
    Nonconsenting oral, anal, or vaginal penetration obtained by force, by threat of bodily harm, or when the victim is incapable of giving consent.
  178. Incest
    Sexual activity between relatives.
  179. Cohabitation
    Unmarried persons living together (with sexual relations assumed).
  180. Adultery
    Voluntary sexual intercourse by a husband or wife with someone other than one's spouse; thus betrayal of one's marriage vows.
  181. Sodomy
    Originally "crimes against nature"; in contemporary laws, oral and anal intercourse.
  182. Exhibitionism/exhibitionist
    Showing one's genitals in a public place, to passersby; indecent exposure. A person who derives sexual gratification from exposing his genitals to others in inappropriate situations.
  183. Voyeurism
    Secretly watching people who are nude, for purposes of becoming sexually aroused.
  184. Obscenity
    That which is offensive to decency or modesty, or calculated to arouse sexual excitement or lust.
  185. Decriminalization
    Removing an act from those prohibited by law, ceasing to define it as a crime.
  186. The tendency to like someone more if we have been exposed to him or her repeatedly.
    Mere-exposure effect
  187. The tendency to have contact with people equal in social status.
    Homophily
  188. The tendency for men and women to choose as partners people who match them, that is, who are similar in attitudes, intelligence, and attractiveness.
    Matching phenomenon
  189. A quality of relationships characterized by commitment, feelings of closeness and trust, and self-disclosure.
    Intimacy
  190. Telling personal things about yourself.
    Self-disclosure
  191. A story about what love should be like, including characters, a plot, and a theme.
    Love story
  192. A state of intense longing for union with the other person and of intense physiological arousal.
    Passionate love
  193. A feeling of deep attachment and commitment to a person with whom one has an intimate relationship.
    Companionate love
  194. Defining some concept or term by how it is measured, for example, defining intelligence as those abilities that are measured by IQ tests.
    Operational definition
  195. Berscheid and Walster's theory that two conditions must exist simultaneously for passionate love to occur: physiological arousal and attaching a cognitive label ("love") to the feeling.
    Two-component theory of love
  196. When one is in a stage of physiological arousal (e.g., from exercising or being in a frightening situation), attributing these feelings to love or attraction to the person present.
    Misattribution of arousal
  197. What the speaker means.
    Intent
  198. What someone else understands the speaker to mean.
    Impact
  199. A communicator whose impact matches his or her intent.
    Effective communicator
  200. Speaking for yourself, using the word "I," not mind reading.
    "I" language
  201. Making assumptions about what your partner thinks or feels.
    Mind reading
  202. Giving specific examples of the issue being discussed.
    Documenting
  203. Telling your partner what you are feeling by stating your thoughts clearly, simply, and honestly.
    Leveling
  204. Censoring or not saying things that would be deliberately hurtful to your partner or that are irrelevant.
    Editing
  205. Saying, in your own words, what you thought your partner meant.
    Paraphrasing
  206. Communication not through words, but through the body; for example, eye contact, tone of voice, touching.
    Nonverbal communication
  207. Telling your partner that, given his or her point of view, you can see why he or she thinks a certain way.
    Validation
  208. A set of rules designed to make arguments constructive rather than destructive.
    Fighting fair
  209. A set of norms, or culturally defined expectations, that define how people of one gender ought to behave.
    Gender role
  210. A generalization about a group of people (e.g., men) that distinguishes them from others (e.g., women).
    Stereotype
  211. The process of incorporating the beliefs and customs of a new culture.
    Acculturation
  212. The ways in which society conveys to the individual its norms or expectations for his or her behavior.
    Socialization
  213. A device used to measure physiological sexual arousal in the male; it is a flexible loop that fits around the base of the penis.
    Penile strain gauge
  214. An acrylic cylinder placed inside the vagina to measure physiological sexual arousal in the female. Also called a photometer.
    Photoplethysmograph
  215. Sexual expression in which the emphasis is on the relationship and emotions between the two people.
    Person-centered sex
  216. Sexual expression in which the emphasis is on the body and physical pleasure.
    Body-centered sex
  217. A person who believes he or she was born with the body of the other gender. See also transgender and gender reassignment.
    Transsexual
  218. The process for transsexuals to change their body to the other gender.
    Gender reassignment
  219. Unhappiness with one's gender; another term for transsexualism.
    Gender dysphoria
  220. A category including transsexuals, those who think of themselves as a third gender, transvestites, gender benders, and others.
    Transgender
  221. A person who is born with a male body but who has a female identity and wishes to become a female biologically in order to match her identity.
    Male-to-female transsexual (MTF)
  222. A person born with a female body whose gender identity is male and who wishes to undergo gender reassignment.
    Female-to-male transsexual (FTM)
  223. A strong and persistent crossgender identification.
    Gender identity disorder (GID)
  224. A test of genetic sex, in which a small scraping of cells is taken from the inside of the mouth, stained, and examined under a microscope.
    Buccal smear
  225. A person's erotic and emotional orientation toward members of his or her own gender or members of the other gender.
    Sexual orientation
  226. A person whose sexual orientation is toward members of the same gender.
    Homosexual
  227. A person whose sexual orientation is toward members of the other gender.
    Heterosexual
  228. A person whose sexual orientation is toward both men and women.
    Bisexual
  229. A woman whose sexual orientation is toward other women.
    Lesbian
  230. Homosexual; especially male homosexuals.
    Gay
  231. Heterosexual; that is, a person whose sexual orientation is toward members of the opposite gender.
    Straight
  232. A strong, irrational fear of homosexuals; negative attitudes and reactions to homosexuals.
    Homophobia
  233. Negative attitudes and behaviors toward gays and lesbians. Also termed sexual prejudice.
    Antigay prejudice
  234. The belief that everyone is heterosexual and that heterosexuality is the norm; homosexuality is denigrated.
    Heterosexism
  235. A homosexual who is "in the closet," who keeps his or her sexual orientation a secret.
    Covert homosexual
  236. A homosexual who is "out of the closet," who is open about his or her sexual orientation.
    Overt homosexual
  237. The process of acknowledging to oneself, and then to others, that one is gay or lesbian.
    Coming out
  238. Clubs where gay men can socialize; features include a swimming pool or whirlpool and access to casual sex.
    Gay baths
  239. One's self-identity as homosexual, heterosexual, or bisexual.
    Sexual identity
  240. A theoretical model in psychology and psychiatry in which mental problems are thought of as sickness or mental illness; the problems in turn are often thought to be due to biological factors.
    Medical model
  241. Any one of a number of treatments designed to turn LGBs into heterosexuals; also called reparative therapy.
    Conversion or reparative therapy
  242. Homosexual activity that occurs in certain situations, such as prisons, when people are deprived of their regular heterosexual activity.
    Deprivation homosexuality
  243. Recurring, intense, unconventional sexual fantasies, urges, or behavior that is obsessive and compulsive.
    Paraphilia
  244. A person's sexual fixation on some object other than another human being and attachment of great erotic significance to that object.
    Fetishism
  245. A fetish whose object is anything made of a particular substance, such as leather.
    Media fetish
  246. A fetish whose object is a particular shape, such as high-heeled shoes.
    Form fetish
  247. The practice of deriving sexual gratification from dressing as a member of the other gender.
    Transvestism
  248. A male homosexual who dresses in women's clothing.
    Drag queen
  249. A man who dresses up as a woman as part of a job in entertainment.
    Female impersonator
  250. A person who derives sexual satisfaction from inflicting suffering or humiliation on another person.
    Sexual sadist
  251. A person who derives sexual satisfaction from experiencing pain.
    Sexual masochist
  252. The use of physical or psychological restraint to enforce servitude, from which both participants derive sensual pleasure.
    Bondage and discipline
  253. The use of power consensually given to control the sexual stimulation and behavior of the other person.
    Dominance and submission
  254. A disorder in which the individual experiences intense, uncontrollable sexually arousing fantasies, urges, and associated sexual behaviors.
    Compulsive sexual behavior
  255. A person who becomes sexually aroused from secretly viewing nudes; secretly watching people who are nude.
    Voyeur
  256. A sexual variation in which the person becomes sexually aroused by observing others' sexual acts and genitals.
    Scoptophilia
  257. Showing one's genitals in a public place, to passersby; indecent exposure. A person who derives sexual gratification from exposing his genitals to others in inappropriate situations.
    Exhibitionism/exhibitionist
  258. An excessive, insatiable sex drive in a woman.
    Nymphomania
  259. An excessive, insatiable sex drive in a man; also called Don Juanism.
    Satyriasis
  260. An excessive, insatiable sex drive in either men or women.
    Hypersexuality
  261. Having no sexual attraction to a person of either sex.
    Asexuality
  262. The desire to induce in oneself a state of oxygen deficiency in order to create sexual arousal or to enhance excitement and orgasm; also called hypoxyphilia.
    Asphyxiophilia
  263. Sexual contact with an animal; also called bestiality or sodomy.
    Zoophilia
  264. Rubbing one's genitals against the body of a nonconsenting person.
    Frotteurism
  265. Three people having sex together.
    Troilism
  266. A desire to damage or soil a woman or her clothes.
    Saliromania
  267. Deriving sexual satisfaction from contact with feces.
    Coprophilia
  268. Deriving sexual satisfaction from contact with a dead person.
    Necrophilia
  269. Nonconsenting oral, anal, or vaginal penetration obtained by force, by threat of bodily harm, or when the victim is incapable of giving consent.
    Rape
  270. Long-term psychological distress suffered by someone who has experienced a terrifying event.
    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  271. Positive life changes and psychological development following exposure to trauma.
    Posttraumatic growth
  272. The rape of a person by her or his current or former spouse.
    Marital rape
  273. The view that rape is a result of a woman "asking for it."
    Victim-precipitated rape
  274. Cases in which a sexual predator "meets" a child or adolescent online, gains the youth's confidence, and arranges an in-person meeting.
    Sexual solicitation of youth on the Internet
  275. Sexual activity between relatives.
    Incest
  276. Child molesting, an adult having sexual activity with a prepubescent child.
    Pedophilia
  277. Persons who engage in sexual acts in return for money or drugs and do so in a promiscuous, fairly nondiscriminating fashion.
    Prostitutes/commercial sex workers
  278. The most expensive and exclusive category of prostitutes.
    Call girl
  279. A house of prostitution.
    Brothel
  280. A residence in which prostitutes work regular shifts, selling sexual services on an hourly basis.
    In-call service
  281. A place where massages, as well as sexual services, can generally be purchased.
    Massage parlor
  282. A service that sends a prostitute or sex worker to a location specified by the client to provide sexual services.
    Out-call service
  283. A lower-status prostitute or sex worker who walks the streets selling sexual services.
    Streetwalker
  284. A prostitute's companion, protector, and master.
    Pimp
  285. A woman who manages a brothel, in-call, out-call, or escort service.
    Madam
  286. The recruitment and control of persons for sexual exploitation.
    Sex trafficking
  287. A male who provides companionship and sexual gratification on a continuing basis to a woman in exchange for money.
    Gigolo
  288. A male sex worker who sells his services to men.
    Hustler
  289. Leisure travel with the purpose of purchasing sexual services.
    Sex tourism
  290. Sexually arousing art, literature, or films.
    Pornography
  291. That which is offensive to decency or modesty, or calculated to arouse sexual excitement or lust.
    Obscenity
  292. Pictures or films of sexual acts involving children.
    Kiddie porn
  293. A problem with sexual response that causes a person mental distress.
    Sexual disorder
  294. A sexual disorder that has been present ever since the person began sexual functioning.
    Lifelong sexual disorder
  295. A sexual disorder that develops after a period of normal functioning.
    Acquired sexual disorder
  296. A sexual disorder in which there is a lack of interest in sexual activity; also termed inhibited sexual desire or low sexual desire.
    Hypoactive sexual desire (HSD)
  297. A sexual disorder in which the partners have considerably different levels of sexual desire.
    Discrepancy of sexual desire
  298. A disorder in which the person feels an actual aversion or repulsion toward sex.
    Sexual aversion disorder
  299. A sexual disorder in which there is a lack of response to sexual stimulation.
    Female sexual arousal disorder (FSAD)
  300. The inability to have or maintain an erection.
    Erectile disorder
  301. Cases of erectile disorder in which the man has never had an erection sufficient to have intercourse.
    Lifelong erectile disorder
  302. Cases of erectile disorder in which the man at one time was able to have satisfactory erections but can no longer do so.
    Acquired erectile disorder
  303. A sexual disorder in which the man ejaculates too soon and believes he cannot control when he ejaculates.
    Premature (early) ejaculation
  304. A sexual disorder in which the male cannot have an orgasm, even though he is highly aroused and has had a great deal of sexual stimulation.
    Male orgasmic disorder
  305. A sexual disorder in which the woman is unable to have an orgasm.
    Female orgasmic disorder
  306. A case of orgasmic disorder in which the woman is able to have an orgasm in some situations (e.g., while masturbating) but not in others (e.g., while having sexual intercourse).
    Situational orgasmic disorder
  307. Painful intercourse.
    Dyspareunia
  308. A sexual disorder in which there is a spastic contraction of the muscles surrounding the entrance to the vagina, in some cases so severe that intercourse is impossible.
    Vaginismus
  309. Physical factors, such as disease or injury, that cause sexual disorders.
    Organic factors of sexual disorders
  310. Things that people have learned earlier—for example, in childhood—that now affect their sexual response.
    Prior learning
  311. Various factors that occur in the act of lovemaking that inhibit sexual response.
    Immediate causes
  312. Negative thoughts that distract a person from focusing on the erotic experience.
    Cognitive interference
  313. Masters and Johnson's term for acting as an observer or judge of one's own sexual performance; thought to contribute to sexual disorders.
    Spectatoring
  314. A system of therapy based on learning theory, in which the focus is on the problem behavior and how it can be modified or changed.
    Behavior therapy
  315. A part of the sex therapy developed by Masters and Johnson in which one partner caresses the other, the other communicates what is pleasurable, and there are no performance demands.
    Sensate focus exercise
  316. A form of therapy that combines behavior therapy and restructuring of negative thought patterns.
    Cognitive–behavioral therapy
  317. A part of sex therapy for women with orgasmic disorder, in which the woman exercises the muscles surrounding the vagina; also called pubococcygeal or PC muscle exercises.
    Kegel exercises
  318. The use of a self-help book to treat a disorder.
    Bibliotherapy
  319. A drug used in the treatment of erectile disorder; sildenafil.
    Viagra
  320. A surgical treatment for erectile dysfunction, in which inflatable tubes are inserted into the penis.
    Penile prosthesis
  321. An organism causing a sexually transmitted disease. The symptoms in males are a thin, clear discharge and mild pain on urination; females are frequently asymptomatic.
    Chlamydia
  322. Having no symptoms.
    Asymptomatic
  323. An infection and inflammation of the pelvic organs, such as the fallopian tubes and the uterus, in the female.
    Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  324. Human papillomavirus, the organism that causes genital warts.
    HPV
  325. A sexually transmitted infection causing warts on the genitals.
    Genital warts
  326. A sexually transmitted disease, the symptoms of which are small, painful bumps or blisters on the genitals.
    Genital herpes
  327. A sexually transmitted disease that destroys the body's natural immunity to infection so that the person is susceptible to and may die from a disease such as pneumonia or cancer.
    AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)
  328. Human immunodeficiency virus; the virus that causes AIDS.
    HIV
  329. A drug used to treat HIV-infected persons; also called ZDV.
    AZT
  330. A sexually transmitted infection that usually causes symptoms of a puslike discharge and painful, burning urination in the male but is frequently asymptomatic in the female.
    Gonorrhea
  331. A sexually transmitted infection that causes a chancre to appear in the primary stage.
    Syphilis
  332. A painless, ulcerlike lesion with a hard, raised edge that is an early symptom of syphilis.
    Chancre
  333. The first few weeks of a syphilis infection during which the chancre is present.
    Primary-stage syphilis
  334. The second stage of syphilis, occurring several months after infection, during which the chancre has disappeared and a generalized body rash appears.
    Secondary-stage syphilis
  335. The third stage of syphilis, which may last for years, during which symptoms disappear although the person is still infected.
    Latent syphilis
  336. The fourth and final stage of syphilis, during which the disease does damage to major organs of the body such as the lungs, heart, or brain.
    Late syphilis
  337. A syphilis infection in a newborn baby resulting from transmission from an infected mother.
    Congenital syphilis
  338. A liver disease that can be transmitted sexually or by needle sharing.
    Hepatitis B
  339. A form of vaginitis causing a frothy white or yellow discharge with an unpleasant odor.
    Trichomoniasis
  340. Tiny lice that attach themselves to the base of pubic hairs and cause itching; also called crabs.
    Pubic lice
  341. An irritation or inflammation of the vagina, usually causing a discharge.
    Vaginitis
  342. A form of vaginitis causing a thick, white discharge; also called candida or yeast infection.
    Monilia
  343. An infection or inflammation of the prostate gland.
    Prostatitis
  344. A system of moral principles; a way of determining right and wrong.
    Ethics
  345. A moral system based on maximizing pleasure and avoiding pain.
    Hedonism
  346. An approach to life emphasizing discipline and impulse control.
    Asceticism
  347. Ethics based on the assumption that there are rules for human conduct and that morality consists of knowing the rules and obeying them.
    Legalism
  348. Ethics based on the assumption that there are no absolute rules, or at least very few, and that each situation must be judged individually.
    Situationism
  349. Sex between an older man and a younger man, or a boy; sometimes called boy love.
    Pederasty
  350. A form of nature religion in which the fertility of the soil is encouraged through various forms of ritual magic, often including ritual sexual intercourse.
    Fertility cult
  351. A religious or philosophical belief that body and spirit are separate and opposed to each other and that the goal of life is to free the spirit from the bondage of the body; thus a depreciation of the material world and the physical aspect of humanity.
    Dualism
  352. The practice of remaining celibate, or unmarried. Sometimes used to refer to abstaining from sexual intercourse, the correct term for which is chastity.
    Celibacy
  353. A philosophical system that denies a divine holds that ethical judgments must be made on the basis of human experience and human reason.
    Humanism
  354. A religious or philosophical attitude that emphasizes moral behavior, usually according to strict standards, as the highest goal of human life. Moralists tend to favor strict regulation of human conduct to help make people good.
    Moralism
  355. A philosophical or political attitude that affirms the value of many competing opinions and believes that the truth is discovered in the clash of diverse perspectives. Pluralists, therefore, believe in the maximum human freedom possible.
    Pluralism
  356. Voluntary sexual intercourse by a husband or wife with someone other than one's spouse; thus betrayal of one's marriage vows.
    Adultery
  357. The term for sex by unmarried persons and, more generally, all immoral sexual behavior.
    Fornication
  358. A cloning technique that involves substituting genetic material from an adult's cell for the nucleus of an egg.
    Somatic cell nuclear transfer
  359. Creating cells or tissues that are genetically identical to those of a patient, to treat a disease.
    Therapeutic cloning
  360. The term for sex by unmarried persons and, more generally, all immoral sexual behavior.
    Fornication
  361. The decision not to criminalize behavior per se and instead criminalize conduct that is visible to the outside world.
    Victorian compromise
  362. Nonconsenting oral, anal, or vaginal penetration obtained by force, by threat of bodily harm, or when the victim is incapable of giving consent.
    Rape
  363. Sexual activity between relatives.
    Incest
  364. Unmarried persons living together (with sexual relations assumed).
    Cohabitation
  365. Voluntary sexual intercourse by a husband or wife with someone other than one's spouse; thus betrayal of one's marriage vows.
    Adultery
  366. Originally "crimes against nature"; in contemporary laws, oral and anal intercourse.
    Sodomy
  367. Showing one's genitals in a public place, to passersby; indecent exposure. A person who derives sexual gratification from exposing his genitals to others in inappropriate situations.
    Exhibitionism/exhibitionist
  368. Secretly watching people who are nude, for purposes of becoming sexually aroused.
    Voyeurism
  369. That which is offensive to decency or modesty, or calculated to arouse sexual excitement or lust.
    Obscenity
  370. Removing an act from those prohibited by law, ceasing to define it as a crime.
    Decriminalization

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