Scope, Legal, Ethical

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Scope, Legal, Ethical
2013-03-14 16:28:18
scope legal ethical

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  1. state of optimal functioning or well-being
  2. the legal authority to practice as a nursing professional
  3. laws established in each state in the United States to regulate the practice of nursing including education and licensure
    nurse practice act
  4. a person who nourishes, fosters, and protects and who is prepared to take care of sick, injured, and aged people
  5. allows a nurse to apply for and be endorsed as a registered nurse by another state
  6. an occupation that meets specific criteria including a well-defined body of specific and unique knowledge, a code of ethics and standards, ongoing research,and autonomy
  7. allow nurses to carry out professional roles, serving as protection for the nurse, the patient, and the institution where healthcare is given
  8. fosters the development and improvement of nursing services , largest professional testing services in the US
    The National League of Nursing
  9. the protection and support of another's rights
  10. self-determination, respect rights of patients to make healthcare decisions
  11. benefit the patient, and balance benefits against risks and harms
  12. encompasses a number of fields "life sciences"
  13. directs attention to the specific situations of individual patients viewed within the context of their life narrative
    care-based approach
  14. branch of bioethics literally concerned with ethical problems "at the bedside" that is, ethical concerns that arise within the context of caring for actual patients, wherever they are found.
    what a prudent nurse do!
    clinical ethics
  15. set of principles that reflect the primary goals, values,and obligations of the profession
    code of ethics
  16. an action is right or wrong independent of its consequences
  17. the ability to behave in an ethical way, to do the ethically right thing because it is the right thing to do
    ethical agency
  18. arise when attempted adherence to basic ethical principles results in two conflicting courses of action
    ethical dilemma
  19. occurs when the nurse knows the right thing to do but either personal or institutional factors make it difficult to follow the correct course of action
    ethical distress
  20. systematic inquiry into principles of right and wrong conduct, of virtue and vice, and of good and evil as they relate to conduct and human flourishing
  21. particular type of ethical approach popular among nurses, aims to critique existing patterns of oppression and domination in society, especially as these affect women and the poor
    feminist ethics
  22. keep promises,be faithful to the promise you made to the public to be competent and to be willing to use your competence to benefit the patients entrusted to your care
  23. give each his or her due, act fairly
  24. refers to personal or communal standards of right and wrong
  25. avoid causing harm, seek not to inflict harm, seek to prevent harm or risk of harm whenever possible
  26. subset of bioethics, a formal study of ethical issues that arise in the practice of nursing and of the analysis used by nurses to make ethical judgments
    nursing ethics
  27. acting for patients without their consent to secure good or prevent harm
  28. combines elements of both utilitarian and deontologic theories and offers specific action guides for practice
    principle-based approach
  29. the rightness or wrongness of an action depends on the consequences of the action
  30. a belief about the worth of something, about what matters, that acts as a standard to guide one's behavior
  31. an organization of values in which each is ranked along a continuum of importance, often leading to a personal code of conduct
    value system
  32. process by which people come to understand their own values and value system
    values clarification
  33. an intentional tort in which one party makes derogatory remarks about another that diminish the other party's reputation
    defamation of character
  34. a threat or an attempt to make bodily contact with another person without that person's consent
  35. an assault that is carried out and includes willful, angry, and violent or negligent touching of another person's body or clothes or anything attached to or held by that other person
  36. process by which a person who has met certain criteria established by a nongovernmental association is granted recognition in a specified practice area
  37. civil law, regulates relationships among people
    private law
  38. refers to ways in which professional competence is ensured and maintained
  39. a wrong committed against a person or his or her property as well as the public, violation punishable by the state
  40. process by which an educational program is evaluated and recognized as having met certain standards
  41. nurse who explains to the judge and jury what happened based on the patient's record and who offers an opinion as to whether the nursing care met acceptable standards of practice
    expert witness
  42. a nurse who has knowledge of the actual incident prompting the legal case to testify, bases testimony on firsthand knowledge of the incident not on assumptions
    fact witness
  43. punishable by imprisonment in a state or federal penitentiary for more than 1 year
  44. involves four elements that must be established to prove that malpractice or negligence has occurred: duty, breach of duty, causation, and damages
  45. process of bringing and trying a lawsuit
  46. term generally used to describe negligence by professional personnel
  47. is a less serious crime than a felony, commonly punishable with fines, imprisonment for less than 1 year, or both, or with parole
  48. an unintentional tort defined as performing an act that a reasonably prudent person under similar circumstances would not do
  49. person bringing suit,the complainant
  50. concerns state and federal criminal statutes, defines criminal actions (ex. murder)
    criminal law
  51. government is directly involved, regulates relationships between individuals and government
    public law
  52. serves as guides to legislative body
  53. enacted by a legislative body (ex. nursing practice act)
    statutory law
  54. judiciary system reconciles controversies, creates body of common law, it's "what's common practice", court-made law
    common law
  55. written type of defamation of character
  56. the failure to use appropriate safety measures that results in injury to a person
  57. the responsibility to provide safe, competent care
  58. the failure to execute and document use of safety measures
    breach of duty
  59. concerned for the welfare and well-being of others
  60. respect for the permanent worth or uniqueness of individuals and populations
    human dignity
  61. acting in accordance with an appropriate code of ethics and accepted standards of practice
  62. upholding moral,legal, and humanistic principle
    social justice
  63. veracity, accountability, privacy and confidentiality
  64. spoken type of defamation of character