Final Exam - UNA ED 382
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. What would you like to do?
What are the steps for "how to welcome students to school?"
- Have a school newspaper full of school spirit
- organize a first day celebration
- stand at the bus stop and welcome them
- stand at the front entrances of the school and welcome them
- have the band play near the entrance
- no band? have a group of students and teachers assembled to bring a welcome smile
- hand a banner welcoming the students
- have guides in the hallways
- have name & room # visible on doors along with your personal greeting
- let the first message over the PA system be one of welcome and positive expectations for the school year
What must we TEACH & SHOW our students?
- that we can be reponsible for one another
- that school is a place to gain knowledge
- that school is a place to give and receive love
- that school is a place to become successful
what are the 4 main effects that should dress for?
the effective teacher is committed to seeing all people as ____, _____, _____, and _____ untapped potential in all worthwhile areas of human endeavor
the effective teacher is committed to seeing all people as able, valuable, responsible, and possessing untapped potential in all worthwhile areas of human endeavor
how to make your classroom inviting
- mark your door clearly
- post welcome/info signs
- have the assignments written clear and understandable
- have items that show you can for young people
what are the four levels of invitations?
- first: intentionally disinviting
- second: unintentionally disinviting
- third: unintentionally inviting
- fourth: intentionally inviting
decribe the first level of invitations
- intentionally disinviting: this is the bottom level were teachers deliberately demean, discourage, defeat, & dissuade students
- Ex: "why do you bother coming to school?"
decribe the second level of invitations
- unitentionally disinviting: some teachers are oblivious to the fact that they are negative people they feel that they are well-meaning but are seen by others as condescending, racist, sexist, patronizing or thoughtless
- Ex: "i teach only students who want to learn."
decribe the third level of invitations
- unintentionally inviting: these are the "natural-born teachers" generally well-liked & effective but are unaware of why they are effective
- Ex: "aren't you sweet" & "just try harder"
decribe the fourth level of invitations
- intentionally inviting: they have a professional attitude, work diligently & consistently, & strive to be more effective teacherrs
- Ex: "if you try this, you will be sensational" & "would you like to help me?"
what are the 5 significant concepts that enhance positive expectations?
- thank you
what are the 8 steps for smiling, speaking, and pausing?
- feedback (reaction from your smile)
- thank you
what is the most important thing to establish in the first week of school?
what are the 3 things that having control in your class mean?
- you know what you are doing
- you know your classroom procedures
- you know your professional responsibilities
what are the four stages of teaching?
- Stage 1: fantasy
- Stage 2: survival
- Stage 3: mastery
- Stage 4: impact
Describe stage 1 of the four stages of teaching
fantasy: many new teachers have the naive belief that to be a successful teacher, all they need to do is relate and be a friend to their students. They rarely talk about standards, assessment, or student achievement
Describe stage 2 of the four stages of teaching
survival: teachers in this stage have not developed instructional skills. they spend their time looking for busywork for the students to do, such as worksheets, videos & doing seat-work -- anything to keep the students quiet
Describe stage 3 of the four stages of teaching
mastery: teachers who know how to achieve student success employ effective practices. these teachers know how to manage their classrooms. they teach for mastery & have high expectations for their students
Describe stage 4 of the four stages of teaching
impact: effective teachers make a difference in the lives of their students. these are the teachers to whom students come back years later & thank for affecting their lives
what are the 3 characteristics of an effective teacher?
- has positive expectations for student success
- is an extremely good classroom manager
- knows how to design lessons for student mastery
to teach for mastery or competence, an effective teacher must do what 3 things?
- know how to design lessons in which a student will be able to learn a concept or a skill to a goal or standard
- know how to deliver the instruction to teach to the goal or standard
- know how to assess & provide corrective action for learning so the student can mastery the concept or the skill
what is the biggest secret to teaching success?
beg, borrow, & steal (not really stealing but research & learning)
if you want positive results from your professional career what do you need to know?
- that your collegues are your best resource:
- work in a collegial manner with your colleagues
- associate with & learn from positive mentors & coaches
- join a professional organization
- continue to learn through classes, workshops, conferences, professional meetings, books, journals, CDs, DVDs
schools that work on closing the achievement gap maintain what characteristics?
- keep a laser focus on learning for all student
- maintain a "no excuses" attitude
- use research & data to improve teacher practices
- involve everyone in improvement processes
- persist through difficulties & setbacks
- celebrate accomplishments
what are the 4 beliefs of an effective teacher?
- it is the teacher who makes the difference in the classroom
- by far the most important factor in school learning is the ability of the teacher
- there is an extensive body of research and knowledge about teaching that must be known by the teacher
- the teacher must be a decision maker, able to translate the research & body of knowledge
what are the students rights in the classroom? (Canter method)
- Learn in a safe environment
- Be taught clearly how they are to behave
- Have limits on their behavior that is enforced
what are the teachers rights in the classroom? (Canter method)
- Teach in environment free from disruptions
- Teach in ways that are to their strengths
- Receive backing from parents and administrators
what are the traits of assertive teachers?
- Leaders in classroom
- Clearly communicate expectations
- Care enough about themselves not to allow students to disrupt teaching
- Care enough about students to not allow them to behave bad (students best interest)
what are the actions of assertive teachers?
- Specify expectations clearly
- Set and enforce limits on students behavior
- Use hints and eye-messages to change behavior
- Interact with students on why they have rules
- When misbehavior occurs => follow through with punishment
What are the steps that lead to discipline?(Canter method)
- Recognize and remove road blocks
- Negative expectations on behaviors
- Negative expectations about being able to give positive influence
- Belief that one function in isolation
- Practice assertive response styles different among
- Non-assertive comments ex: would you please stop that
- Hostile comments ex: you either do it or you will regret it
- Assertive comments ex: it’s against our rules to be disruptive – this is a warning
- Make a discipline plan that contains clear rules, positive recognitions, andeffective consequences with the class
- Discuss clear rules
- Discuss examples of positive recognition
- Discuss examples of effective consequences
- Teach the discipline plan to students
- Teach the plan, expectations, positive recognition, and consequences throughexplanation and demonstration
- Teach students how to behave responsibility
- Demonstrate exactly how they are to behave and have them role play to show understanding
How do you deal with misbehavior? (Canter method)
- No consequences need to be invoked
- Make eye-contact
- Stand by them
- Say their name
- Praise a student not misbehavingInvoking consequences
- Follow your plan calmly
- Be consistent
- Provide an escape ex: allowing the student to write about the behavior problem
- Give the good students positive recognitionDealing with difficult students
- For repeats => use one-on-one problem solving conferences
- Try to build positive relationships with students by giving them personal attention, spending time with them, and visiting home
what are the five major principles that teachers must accept? (Curwin & Mendler model)
- an important part of teaching is dealing with misbehavior
- student dignity must be preserved
- lasting results are only achieved over time
- good discipline must not interfere with motivation
- responsibility is more important than obedience
What are the Do's and Don'ts of the Principles of Discipline? (Curwin & Mendler method)
- Do's: teach as much good behavior as bad
- treat students with dignity (show concern, understanding)
- provide opportunities for students to exercise responsibility
- look for ways to help student
- Don'ts: rely on short-term solutions (write their names on board etc)
- use discipline that could damage students motivation to learn
What are the 3 Dimensions of an effective disciple plan (Curwin & Mendler method)
- Prevention Dimension: develop clear, brief rules
- establish a list of consequences
- ask students to agree and sign a “social contract”
- treat students as individuals
- Action Dimension: look upon the situation as an opportunity to interact productivity with the students
- invoke consequences but avoid power struggles
- remain positive and mindful of student dignity
- Resolution Dimension: try to find out what will prevent the problems occurring again
- with the student make a plan for future positive action
- implement and monitor the plan
What are the main techniques used in the Dreikurs method?
Demoncratic techniques: sharing ideas, inviting students to cooperative learning, including students in decisions, recognizing mistaken goals on behavior, and showing responsibility
What are the mistaken goals and teacher emotions correlation from the Dreikurs method?
- Mistaken goal --> Teacher emotion
- attention getting --> annoyed
- power seeking --> threatened
- revenge seeking --> hurt
- displaying inadequacy --> powerless
What is the main idea behind the Jones method?
- BLIEH: Body Language Incentive & Efficient Help
- "Be positive, be brief, be gone."
what are the four key points to group behavior according to the Redl & Wattenberg Model>
- People behave differently when they are in groups than they do as individuals
- Group expectations influence an individual’s behavior.
- If someone leaves or joins a group, the behavior of the group changes.
- Everyone in a group plays a different role.
What are the five roles found in groups according to the Redl & Wattenberg model?
- Leaders – natural and appointed
- Class Clown
- Fall Guys – takes blame to gain popularity in the group
- Instigator – Cause trouble yet appears innocent
- Scapegoat – is blamed for everything, often picked on by the group
what are the 5 steps of diagnostic thinking from the Redl & Wattenberg method?
- 1. Form a first hunch (What is the probable cause?)
- 2. Gather facts (Facts that are evident)
- 3. Apply hidden factors (Any background behavior)
- 4. Take Action
- 5. Remain Flexible (correct mistakes or take a new action if old doesn’t work)
what are the influence techniques to correct behavior from the Redl & Watterberg method?
- 1. Support student self-control - send hand signals, use physical proximity, use humor, ignore minor infractions, and show interest in student’s work
- 2. Provide situational assistance - change times schedule/routine, remove student from situation
- 3. Reward good behavior and as a last resort punish bad behavior
- 4. Conduct reality appraisal - help student consider the cause and effect of their bad behavior
What would you like to do?
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