Home Economics - Food Hygiene and Storage
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What is food spoilage?
This is when food goes rotten or bad
What causes food spoilage?
How do enzymes spoil food?
They cause them to ripen and eventually rot
How do moulds spoil food?
They cause a fluffy beard to grow on food
How does yeast spoil food?
They attack the food
How do bacteria spoil food?
They cause food to go off and can also cause food poisoning
What causes food poisoning?
It occurs when bacteria multiply to unacceptable levels on food and then the food is eaten
What are the symptoms of food poisoing?
Name two different food poisoning bacteria
List the conditions needed for the growth of micro-organisms
What are the main ways food is infected by bacteria?
Pets, vermin and insects
Dirt and grease
List the rules of food handlers
Wear an apron
Tie back hair
Never cough or sneeze over food
List the rules for preparing and storing food to minimise the chance of food poisoning
Check expiry dates
Keep foods covered
Store food in the fridge
Cook food thoroughly
Reheat leftovers thoroughly
Prepare and store raw meat separate from cooked meat
List kitchen rules for minimising the chance of food poisoning
No smoking in the kitchen
No pets in the kitchen
Disinfect floor, sink and fridge regularly
Empty bin every day
Cloths and moths should be kept clean
Disinfect tables and equipment regularly
What do the letters HACCP stand for?
Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points
What is meant by cross-contamination?
This is when raw meat comes in contact with cooked meat
How can cross-contamination be prevented?
By having colour coded chopping boards
Why do some kitchens use colour coded chopping boards?
To stop raw food and cooked food from coming in contact with each other
What is meant by the term shelf life?
This is how long food remains fit to eat depending on storing it correctly
What is meant by the term perishable?
Food that goes off in 3 or 4 days eg. meat, milk
What is meant by the term semi-perishable?
Food that lasts a week or so eg. fruit and vegetables
What is meant by the term non-perishable?
Food that lasts unopened for at least a month eg. breaskfast cereals
At what temperature should food be frozen?
At -18 degrees or below
What do star markings 1 to 4 mean on a fridge or freezer?
It tells us how long a food can be stored for
Name different types of packaging for food storage
Plastic boxes and containers
What would you like to do?
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