a ship canal in northeastern egypt linking the red sea with the mediterranean sea
quest for wealth, geopolitics, national prestige (nationalism), social darwinism, christianity
British victory over the Mahdi in the Sudan in 1898.
Battle of Omdurman
attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
Sudden wave of conquests in Africa by European powers in the 1880's and 1890's.
"scramble" for Africa
New York Herald Reporter who went to Africa looking for David Livingstone.
Henry Morton Stanely
king of Belgium (r. 1865-1909). He was active in encouraging the exploration of Central Africa and became the ruler of the Congo Free State (to 1908).
King Leopold II
conference that German chancellor Otto von Bismarck called to set rules for the partition of Africa. It led to the creation of the Congo Free State under King Leopold II of Belgium.
South Africans descended from Dutch and French settlers of the seventeenth century. Their Great Trek founded new settler colonies in the nineteenth century. Though a minority among South Africans, they held political power after 1910.
british colonial financier and statesman in south africa
Emperor of Ethiopia (r. 1889-1911). He enlarged Ethiopia to its present dimensions and defeated an Italian invasion at Adowa (1896)
remained independent despite french invasion
author who argued in 1890 that the economic future of the united states rested on new overseas markets protected by a larger navy. wrote "the influence of sea power upon history" Navy
Alfred T. Mahan
Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed and he was captured by the United States Army in 1901.
Economic dominance of a weaker country by a more powerful one, while maintaining the legal independence of a weaker state.
Free trade- imperalism
Ship canal cut across the isthmus of Panama by United States Army engineers; it opened in 1915. It greatly shortened the sea voyage between the east and west coasts of North America.
war fought between the us and spain in cuba and the philippines. it lasted less than 3 months and resulted in cuba's independence as well as the us annexing puerto rico, guam, and the philippines.