Cre 101 fallacies
Card Set Information
Cre 101 fallacies
ad hominem pro butler's medterm
attack, or an insult, on the person, rather than directly addressing
the person's reasons.
the assumption that a proposed step will set off an uncontrollable
chain of undesirable events, when procedures exist to prevent such a
chain of events
assuming that because part of a problem would remain after a solution
is tried, the solution should not be adopted.
key word is used with two or more meanings in an argument such that
the argument fails to make sense once the shifts in meaning are
An attempt to
justify a claim by appealing to sentiments that large groups of
people have in common; falsely assumes that anything favored by a
large group is desirable.
conclusion by citing an authority who lacks special expertise on the
issue at hand.
of appeal to emotions(
use of emotionally charged language to distract readers and listeners
from relevant reasons and evidence. Common emotions appealed to are
fear, hope, patriotism, pity, and sympathy.
opponent's point of view so that it is easy to attack; thus we attack
a point of view that does not truly exist.
Assuming only two
alternatives when there are more than two.
Explaining by Naming
that because you have provided a name for some event or behavior you
have also adequately explained the event.
use of vague, emotionally appealing virtue words that dispose us to
approve something without closely examining the reasons.
irrelevant topic is presented to divert attention from the original
issue and help "win" an argument by shifting attention away
from the argument and to another issue. The fallacy sequence in tis
instance is as follows
: (a) Topic A is being discussed; (b) Topic B
is introduced as though it is relevant to Topic A, but it is not; (c)
Topic A is abandoned.
argument in which the conclusion is assumed in the reasoning.
similar to, and
sometimes part of, an ad