Cre 101 fallacies

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Anonymous
ID:
207366
Filename:
Cre 101 fallacies
Updated:
2013-03-14 22:13:57
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fallacies
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Description:
ad hominem pro butler's medterm
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  1. ad hominem
    • An
    • attack, or an insult, on the person, rather than directly addressing
    • the person's reasons.
  2. Slippery Slope
    • Making
    • the assumption that a proposed step will set off an uncontrollable
    • chain of undesirable events, when procedures exist to prevent such a
    • chain of events
  3. Perfect Solutions
    • Falsely
    • assuming that because part of a problem would remain after a solution
    • is tried, the solution should not be adopted.
  4. equivocation
    • A
    • key word is used with two or more meanings in an argument such that
    • the argument fails to make sense once the shifts in meaning are
    • recognized.
  5. ad populum
    • An attempt to
    • justify a claim by appealing to sentiments that large groups of
    • people have in common; falsely assumes that anything favored by a
    • large group is desirable.
  6. appeal to
    questionable authority
    • Supporting a
    • conclusion by citing an authority who lacks special expertise on the
    • issue at hand.
  7. fallacy
    of appeal to emotions(
    • the
    • use of emotionally charged language to distract readers and listeners
    • from relevant reasons and evidence. Common emotions appealed to are
    • fear, hope, patriotism, pity, and sympathy.
  8. fallacy of
    extension
    • distorting our
    • opponent's point of view so that it is easy to attack; thus we attack
    • a point of view that does not truly exist.
  9. false
    dilemma/either-or
    • Assuming only two
    • alternatives when there are more than two.
  10. Explaining by Naming
    • Falsely assuming
    • that because you have provided a name for some event or behavior you
    • have also adequately explained the event.
  11. glittering
    generalities
    • The
    • use of vague, emotionally appealing virtue words that dispose us to
    • approve something without closely examining the reasons.
  12. red
    herring
    • An
    • irrelevant topic is presented to divert attention from the original
    • issue and help "win" an argument by shifting attention away
    • from the argument and to another issue. The fallacy sequence in tis
    • instance is as follows: (a) Topic A is being discussed; (b) Topic B
    • is introduced as though it is relevant to Topic A, but it is not; (c)
    • Topic A is abandoned.
  13. begging the
    question
    • An
    • argument in which the conclusion is assumed in the reasoning.
  14. Name Calling:
    • similar to, and
    • sometimes part of, an ad
    • hominem
    • argument.

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