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- The psychology of motivation is concerned with the whys of behavior
- - We use the terms hypothetical state because motives are not seen or measured.
What are motives?
- Are hypothetical states that activation behavior, propelling one toward goals.
- -We use term 'hypothetical state' because motives are not seen or measured.
What are needs?
A state of deprivation.
What are drives?
A condition of arousal in an organism that is associated with a need.
What are incentives?
An object or situation perceived as capable of satisfying a need or as desirable for its own sake.
What are species- specific behaviors?
- Instinctive behaviors that are found in particular species.
- Aka instincts or fixed-action pattern (FAPs)
- Such behavior patterns are inborn, meaning that they are genetically transmitted from generation to generation.
- -Are designed to reach certain goals.
The view that organisms learn to engage in behaviors that have the effect of reducing drives.
- Unlearned, or physiological drives.
- Ex: hunger, thirst, avoidance of pain
- Drives through experience or that are learned.
- - Ex: acquire a drive for money enables us to obtain food, drink, and homes, which protect us from predators and extremes of temp.
Tendency of the body to maintain a steady sate.
A state within an organism that propels it toward increasing the amount of stimulation it obtains.