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What are five main barriers to effective
Listening barriers are created when you fail to select, attend to, understand, remember or respond to a message.
Receiver apprehension is fear of misunderstanding, misinterpreting, or not being able to adjust psychologically to messages spoken by others.
Speech Rate is the rate in which one is capable of speaking.Most speakers are able to talk at a rate of 125 words per minute.
Critical Listening is the process of listening to evaluate the quality, appropriateness, value and importance of information you hear.
According to Beebe & Beebe (2010), what are
the ways you can minimize distractions to listening?
- Move to another seat
- Close the blinds
- Turn up the heat
- Turn off the light
- Close the door
- Anything possible
According to Beebe & Beebe (2010), what are four strategies you can use to become an effective listener?
- Re-sort disorganized or disjointed ides
- Rephrase or summarize what the speaker is saying
- Repeat key points that you want to remember
- Look for information handles
How would you advise a person to become an
To become an ethical speaker, one must enter the communication situation with expectations about the message and how the speaker will deliver it. Also, it is important to demonstrate sensitivity, awareness and tolerance to differences such as race, culture and social.
What are three tips offered for giving feedback after a speech?
- Be descriptive
- Be specific
- Be positive
- Be constructive
- Be sensitive
- Be realistic
Under audience demographic, what are the areas that would be helpful to a speaker’s
Demographic information such as age, gender, culture, membership, and socioeconomic status can help with developing a clear and effective message by proving clues about listeners.
Demographics-are statistics on the characteristics of a group such as age, race, gender, educational level, and religious views.
Audience Analysis is the process of examining information (audience member similarities, differences and common ground with speaker) about the listeners.
Ethnocentrism is the attitude that one’s own culture and cultural perspectives and methods are superior to those of others.
Target Audience: A specific segment of an audience that one most wants to influence.
Nonverbal Cues is a hint or suggestion that is given through body language or actions.
General Purpose-The overarching goal of a speech-to inform, persuade or entertain.
Specific Purpose-A concise statement indicating what you want your listeners to know, feel, or be able to do when you finish speaking
Central Idea-A one–sentence summary of a speech
Periodic Indexes-a listing of bibliographical data for articles published in a group of magazines and/or journals during a given time period.
Full-Text Databases –An indexing system, available on the www or on CD-ROM, that provides not only bibliographic data but also full texts of entries.
Boolean Search-An advance web searching technique that allows a user to narrow a subject or keyword search by adding various requirements.
What sources can speech writers use when preparing their speeches?
There four main sources that speech writers can use, the internet, library resources, interviews and resources from special-interest groups and organizations.
Illustration-A story or anecdote that provides an example of an idea, issue, or problem the speaker is discussing
Proximity-The most relevant supporting material
Suitability- How the supporting material suit the audience, speech, occasion and speaker.
Chronological Organization-Organization by time or sequence
Soft Evidence- Supporting material based mainly on opinion or inference,including hypothetical illustration, descriptions, explanations, definitions, analogies, and opinions.
Hard Evidence-Factual examples and statistics.
Initial Preview- Is a signpost that is a statement of what the main idea is going to be.
Internal Preview-Is a preview within a speech that outlines ideas that will be developed as the speech progresses.
Final Summary- Is the opposite of the preview statement, it gives the audience the last exposure to the ideas given in the speech.
Signpost- A verbal or nonverbal signal that a speaker is moving from one idea to another.
Transitions indicate that a speaker is finished discussing one idea and is moving to another.
What are four examples of verbal transitions?
- Repeating a key wordUsing well known transitional phrases
- Enumerating pointsOffering internal previews and summaries
Explain what is meant by being audience centered?
It mean that the audience characteristics are taken into consideration in every phase of the speechmaking process.