Speech 101 Exam

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  1. What are five main barriers to effective
    Listening barriers are created when you fail to select, attend to, understand, remember or respond to a message.
  2. Receiver apprehension
    Receiver apprehension is fear of misunderstanding, misinterpreting, or not being able to adjust psychologically to messages spoken by others.
  3. Speech Rate
    Speech Rate is the rate in which one is capable of speaking.Most speakers are able to talk at a rate of 125 words per minute.
  4. Critical Listening
    Critical Listening is the process of listening to evaluate the quality, appropriateness, value and importance of information you hear.
  5. According to Beebe & Beebe (2010), what are
    the ways you can minimize distractions to listening?
    • Move to another seat
    • Close the blinds
    • Turn up the heat
    • Turn off the light
    • Close the door
    • Anything possible
  6. According to Beebe & Beebe (2010), what are four strategies you can use to become an effective listener?
    • Re-sort disorganized or disjointed ides
    • Rephrase or summarize what the speaker is saying
    • Repeat key points that you want to remember
    • Look for information handles
  7. How would you advise a person to become an
    ethical listener?
    To become an ethical speaker, one must enter the communication situation with expectations about the message and how the speaker will deliver it. Also, it is important to demonstrate sensitivity, awareness and tolerance to differences such as race, culture and social.
  8. What are three tips offered for giving feedback after a speech?
    • Be descriptive
    • Be specific
    • Be positive
    • Be constructive
    • Be sensitive
    • Be realistic
  9. Under audience demographic, what are the areas that would be helpful to a speaker’s
    Demographic information such as age, gender, culture, membership, and socioeconomic status can help with developing a clear and effective message by proving clues about listeners.
  10. Demographics
    Demographics-are statistics on the characteristics of a group such as age, race, gender, educational level, and religious views.
  11. Audience Analysis
    Audience Analysis is the process of examining information (audience member similarities, differences and common ground with speaker) about the listeners.
  12. Ethnocentrism
    Ethnocentrism is the attitude that one’s own culture and cultural perspectives and methods are superior to those of others.
  13. Target Audience
    Target Audience: A specific segment of an audience that one most wants to influence.
  14. Nonverbal Cues
    Nonverbal Cues is a hint or suggestion that is given through body language or actions.
  15. General Purpose
    General Purpose-The overarching goal of a speech-to inform, persuade or entertain.
  16. Specific Purpose
    Specific Purpose-A concise statement indicating what you want your listeners to know, feel, or be able to do when you finish speaking
  17. Central Idea
    Central Idea-A one–sentence summary of a speech
  18. Periodic Indexes
    Periodic Indexes-a listing of bibliographical data for articles published in a group of magazines and/or journals during a given time period.
  19. Full-Text Databases
    Full-Text Databases –An indexing system, available on the www or on CD-ROM, that provides not only bibliographic data but also full texts of entries.
  20. Boolean Search
    Boolean Search-An advance web searching technique that allows a user to narrow a subject or keyword search by adding various requirements.
  21. What sources can speech writers use when preparing their speeches?
    There four main sources that speech writers can use, the internet, library resources, interviews and resources from special-interest groups and organizations.
  22. Illustration
    Illustration-A story or anecdote that provides an example of an idea, issue, or problem the speaker is discussing
  23. Proximity
    Proximity-The most relevant supporting material
  24. Suitability
    Suitability- How the supporting material suit the audience, speech, occasion and speaker.
  25. Chronological Organization
    Chronological Organization-Organization by time or sequence
  26. Soft Evidence
    Soft Evidence- Supporting material based mainly on opinion or inference,including hypothetical illustration, descriptions, explanations, definitions, analogies, and opinions.
  27. Hard Evidence
    Hard Evidence-Factual examples and statistics.
  28. Initial Preview
    Initial Preview- Is a signpost that is a statement of what the main idea is going to be.
  29. Internal Preview
    Internal Preview-Is a preview within a speech that outlines ideas that will be developed as the speech progresses.
  30. Final Summary
    Final Summary- Is the opposite of the preview statement, it gives the audience the last exposure to the ideas given in the speech.
  31. Signpost
    Signpost- A verbal or nonverbal signal that a speaker is moving from one idea to another.
  32. Transitions
    Transitions indicate that a speaker is finished discussing one idea and is moving to another.
  33. What are four examples of verbal transitions?
    • Repeating a key word
    • Using well known transitional phrases
    • Enumerating points
    • Offering internal previews and summaries
  34. Explain what is meant by being audience centered?
    It mean that the audience characteristics are taken into consideration in every phase of the speechmaking process.
Card Set:
Speech 101 Exam
2013-03-15 04:53:26

Speech Ch 5-11 Beebe material
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