Infection/Inflammation

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Author:
jillmwashington
ID:
207488
Filename:
Infection/Inflammation
Updated:
2013-03-15 14:05:16
Tags:
infection inflammation test3 nur101
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Description:
TEST 3 NUR101
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  1. bacteria that require oxygen to live and grow
    aerobic bacteria
  2. bacteria that can live without oxygen
    anaerobic bacteria
  3. foreign material capable of inducing a specific immune response
    antigen
  4. antibacterial agent that kills bacteria or suppresses their growth
    antimicrobial
  5. something originating or taking place in the hospital (ex. infection)
    nosocomial
  6. process used to destroy microorganisms; destroys all pathogenic organisms except spores
    disinfection
  7. something that occurs with predictability in one specific region or population and can appear in a different geographical location
    endemic
  8. infection in which the causative organism comes from microbial life the person himself or herself harbors
    endogenous
  9. infection in which the causative organism is acquired from outside the host
    exogenous
  10. plant-like organisms (molds and yeasts) that can cause infection
    fungi
  11. an infection that was not present on admission to the hospital and develops during the course of treatment for other conditions (nosocomial)
    healthcare-associated infection (HAI)
  12. animal or person on or within which microorganisms live
    host
  13. infection that occurs as a result of a treatment or diagnostic procedure
    iatrogenic
  14. a disease state that results from the presence of pathogens (disease-producing microorganisms)
    infection
  15. protective procedure designed to prevent the transmission of specific microorganisms; also called protective aseptic techniques and barrier techniques
    isolation
  16. practices designed to reduced the number and transfer of pathogens; synonym for clean technique
    medical asepsis
  17. disease producing microorganisms
    pathogens
  18. gloves, gown, masks and protective eye gear designed to minimized or prevent the healthcare worker's exposure to infectious material
    personal protective equipment (PPE)
  19. natural habitat for the growth and multiplication of microorganisms
    reservoir
  20. CDC precautions used in the care of all patients regardless of their diagnosis or possible infection status; this category combines universal and body substance precautions
    standard precautions
  21. the process by which all microorganisms, including spores are destroyed.
    surgical procedure are performed to render a person infertile
    sterilization
  22. practices that render and keep objects and areas free from microorganisms; synonym for sterile technique
    surgical asepsis
  23. CDC precautions used in patients known or suspected to be infected with pathogens that can be transmitted by airborne, droplet, or contact routes; used in addition to Standard Precautions
    transmission-based precautions
  24. nonhuman carriers, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and lice that transmit organisms from one host to another
    vector
  25. ability to produce disease
    virulence
  26. smallest of all microorganisms; can be seen only by using an electron microscope
    virus

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