Card Set Information
What is bone composed of ?
Calcium & Phosphrus & Magnesium
1/3 Orgnaic Matter-
List 6 Functions of the Skeletal System
1) Protect body vital organs
2) Support the body
3) Provide points of attachment for skeletal muscles
4) Give shape to body
5) Stores the supply of calcium
6) Vital functions of bone formation, red & white blood cells & the platelets
Describe the Spinal Column
The spinal column is a stack of vertebrae; separated by cartilage disks
How is a long bone constructed ?
The middle shaft
is connected to the ends
by a transtitional segment
Three kinds of Synovial Joints ?
1) Ball & Socket Joint
2) Hinge Joint
3) Pivot Joint
The Ball and Socket Joint is found in the ___ or _______.
Hinge Joints are actions of the
Pivot Joints appear at the ____ and _____.
List 7 types of fractures
Compund Fracture-(open) bone breaks the skin
Greenstick Fracture- (incomplete) hairline fracture, did not break all the way through
Closed Fracture- (simple) Complete break, not breaking skin
Comminuted Fracture- More than one break
Spiral Fracture- twisting break winding around the bone
Impacted Fracture-broken end jammed together
The 5 Follow up treatments of fractures are
1) Supply & Immobilized
2) Prevent Shock
3) Bleeding, Coverwound
4) Utilize traction if long bone is fractured
5) If compound or comminuted fraction, surgery occurs
How does a bone heal? ( 5 healing process)
1) Hematoma Occurs
2) Healing process is started & fibrous bridge forms
3) Cells turn into cartilage
4) Calcium accumalates, forming callus
5) New Bone is made
What conditions might result in need for amputation?
a) Severe trauma
b) Malignant tumor
c) Lack of circulation
d) Complications of other conditions ( diabetes)
An adult has how many bones?
Bone covering is ?
Sacral Vertebrae are located in the ...
Posterior pelvic gridle
The place where two or more bony parts join together is called
a surgical procedure to view inside a joint
Rheumatoid Arthritis is cause by
a fault in the immune system
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome causes symptoms in the
first two fingers
Lordosis refers to
Abnormal anterior convex curvature of the lumbar spine