Skeletal System

Card Set Information

Author:
gisselv1
ID:
20752
Filename:
Skeletal System
Updated:
2010-05-25 21:35:30
Tags:
Bones Fractures
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Description:
Bone Structure
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  1. What is bone composed of ?
    • Over 20% water
    • 2/3 Minerals- Calcium & Phosphrus & Magnesium
    • 1/3 Orgnaic Matter- Collagen
  2. List 6 Functions of the Skeletal System
    • 1) Protect body vital organs
    • 2) Support the body
    • 3) Provide points of attachment for skeletal muscles
    • 4) Give shape to body
    • 5) Stores the supply of calcium
    • 6) Vital functions of bone formation, red & white blood cells & the platelets
  3. Describe the Spinal Column
    • The spinal column is a stack of vertebrae; separated by cartilage disks
  4. How is a long bone constructed ?
    • The middle shaft (disphysis)
    • is connected to the ends (epiphysis)
    • by a transtitional segment (melaphysis)
  5. Three kinds of Synovial Joints ?
    • 1) Ball & Socket Joint
    • 2) Hinge Joint
    • 3) Pivot Joint
  6. The Ball and Socket Joint is found in the ___ or _______.
    Hip or Shoulders
  7. Hinge Joints are actions of the
    Fingers & Knees & Elbows
  8. Pivot Joints appear at the ____ and _____.
    Wrists & Elbows
  9. List 7 types of fractures
    • 1) Greenstick
    • 2) Compound
    • 3) Closed
    • 4) Comminuted
    • 5) Impacted
    • 6) Depressed
    • 7) Spiral
  10. Compund Fracture-(open) bone breaks the skin
  11. Greenstick Fracture- (incomplete) hairline fracture, did not break all the way through
  12. Closed Fracture- (simple) Complete break, not breaking skin
  13. Comminuted Fracture- More than one break
  14. Spiral Fracture- twisting break winding around the bone
  15. Impacted Fracture-broken end jammed together
  16. The 5 Follow up treatments of fractures are
    • 1) Supply & Immobilized
    • 2) Prevent Shock
    • 3) Bleeding, Coverwound
    • 4) Utilize traction if long bone is fractured
    • 5) If compound or comminuted fraction, surgery occurs
  17. How does a bone heal? ( 5 healing process)
    • 1) Hematoma Occurs
    • 2) Healing process is started & fibrous bridge forms
    • 3) Cells turn into cartilage
    • 4) Calcium accumalates, forming callus
    • 5) New Bone is made
  18. What conditions might result in need for amputation?
    • a) Severe trauma
    • b) Malignant tumor
    • c) Lack of circulation
    • d) Complications of other conditions ( diabetes)
  19. An adult has how many bones?
    206
  20. Bone covering is ?
    Periosteum
  21. Sacral Vertebrae are located in the ...
    Posterior pelvic gridle
  22. The place where two or more bony parts join together is called
    Articulation
  23. Athroscopy is
    a surgical procedure to view inside a joint
  24. Rheumatoid Arthritis is cause by
    a fault in the immune system
  25. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome causes symptoms in the
    Thumb & first two fingers
  26. Lordosis refers to
    Abnormal anterior convex curvature of the lumbar spine

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