Home Economics - Consumers and Shopping
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What is a consumer?
This is someone who buys or uses goods and services
What is the difference between a need and a want in relation to being a consumer?
A need is an essential good or service eg. food whereas a want is a non-essential good or service eg. a car
Describe the factors that can influence consumer decisions
What is impulse buying?
This is buying things on the spur of the moment without thinking
Outline the factors that should be considered when buying a product
After sales service
Size and comfort
List the sources of consumer information
Newspapers and magazines
Word of mouth
Brochures and leaflets
Explain four shopping trends that have occurred in recent years
1. A decrease in the number of corner shops
2. An increase in supermarkets
3. An increase in the number of shopping centres
4. Increased late opening and Sunday shopping
5. Better facilities for shoppers
6. Increase in Internet shopping
List the advantages of counter service shopping
Personal friendly service
Some give credit
Some pack and deliver groceries
List the disadvantages of self service shopping
More likely yo impulse buy
Need a car to get to the shop
Long queues at checkout
Describe, with examples, four different types of shopping centres
1. Multiple chain store - large self service shop eg. Dunnes Stores
2. Voluntary chain stores - a person can apply and pay to be part of a voluntary chain eg. Londis
3. Independent shop - family run shop that open late but have limited choice of products eg. O'Boyles corner shop
4. Specialist shop - usually sell only one type of product eg. Specsavers
5. Department store - very large shops divided into different departments eg. Brown Thomas
Outline four shopping guidelines that should be followed
1. Make a list
2. Stick to the list and avoid impulse buying
3. Shop around for value for money
4. Bulk buy as it is cheaper
5. Check expiry dates
6. Do not shop when tired or hungry
7. Buy shopping bags
What are bar codes?
This is a series of lines and spaces that are read by a scanner attached to a computerised cash register
Give an advantage of bar codes
An itemised receipt allows customers to see exactly what was bought
Give a disadvantage of bar codes
Goods are not individually priced
Explain different methods that supermarkets use to encourage you to buy more
1. Consumer loyalty cards
2. A large trolley
3. Mirrors, lighting and colour gives fruit and vegetables a fresh look
4. Background music covers up the noise and makes you relax
5. Heavy goods at the front so that you will get a trolley
6. The smell of bread makes you feel hungry so you buy more
7. Essentials such as milk at the back so you have to walk through the shop
8. Sweets are placed at checkouts so that you will buy them
Describe four methods that can be used to pay for goods
What is meant by the term loss leader?
These are goods sold off cheaply by the retailer
What is meant by the term bulk buying?
This is buying products in large quantities because it is cheaper
What is meant by the term unit pricing?
These are goods being priced per unit eg. per kilogram
What is meant by the term own brand?
These are often good quality and much cheaper than branded products eg. St. Bernards
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