PSY 360 Exam 2

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  1. Evolutionary and Cultural
    2 perspectives of similarities and differences
  2. kinship
    Evolutionary perspective of similarities and differences emphasises human ___.
  3. diversity
    Cultural perspective of similarities and differences emphasises human ___.
  4. Natural Selection
    evolutionary process by which nature selects traits that best enable organisms to survive and reproduce in a particular environment
  5. Evolutionary Psychology
    study of the evolution of behavior using the principles of natural selection
  6. Assumption of Evolutionary Psychology
    ___ of ___ ___, states that humans are gene-producing machines with the basic motivation of propetuating our genetic pool for the purpose of survival
  7. Culture
    the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
  8. Norms
    rules for accepted and expected behavior in social situations
  9. Personal Space
    buffer zone we like to maintain around our bodies
  10. Gender
    in psychology, the characteristics, whether biologically or socially influenced, by which people define themselves as male or female
  11. Aggression
    physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone
  12. Gender Roles
    set of behavioral expectations or norms for males and females
  13. Conformity
    a change in behavior or beliefs as a result of real or imagined group pressure
  14. Collectivistic Society
    In a ___ society, conformity is seen as more postitive.
  15. Individualistic Society
    In a ___ society, conformity is seen as a more negative.
  16. Compliance
    conformity that involves publically acting in accord with social pressure while privately disagreeing
  17. Obedience
    acting in accord with direct order
  18. Acceptance
    conformity that involves both acting AND believing in accordance with social order
  19. Confederate
    an accomplice of the experimentor
  20. Asch's Study
    Line matching experiment
  21. Milgram's Study 
    electric shock study on obedience
  22. - Emotional Distance
    - Legitemacy of Authority
    - Institutional Authority
    What breeds obedience/compliance? (3)
  23. Fundamental Error of Attribution
    what is causing someone to behave in a certain way
  24. Disposition/Situation
    when we look at others, we say that issues arrise from their ___

    when we look at ourselves, they arrise from our ___
  25. Normative Influence
    conformity based on a person's desire to fulfill others' expectations (often to gain acceptance).
  26. Informational Influence
    conformity occuring when people accept evidence about reality provided by other people (often the media)
  27. Reactants
    a motive to protect or restore one's sense of freedom
  28. Reactance
    ___ arises when someone threatens our freedom of action
  29. Persuasion
    ___ is evident in EVERYDAY life.
  30. Persuasion
    the process by which a message induces changes in beliefs, attitudes, or behavior
  31. Central (Cognitive) Route

    Peripheral (Superficial) Route
    2 Routes of Persuasion
  32. Central (Cognitive) Route of Persuasion
    occurs when people who are interested focus arguments and respond with favorable results
  33. Peripheral (Superficial) Route of Persuasion
    occurs when people are influenced by incidental cues (speaker's attractiveness)
  34. peripheral
    Media communicates through the ___ route.
  35. Person to Person
    ___ ___ ___ is the BEST form of communication.
  36. Writing
    If material is super complex, the best form of communication is ___.
  37. Time
    Order of message (first/last) is the most important unless ___ is involved.
  38. Resisting Persuasion
    challenging beliefs of the opposite people
  39. Attitude Innoculation
    exposing people to attacks upon their attitudes so that when stronger attacks come, they will resist.
  40. Group
    when a group of two or more people who for longer than a few moments interact and influence one another
  41. Social Facilitation
    the perception that people will perform better when other people are watching them
  42. Evaluation Apprehension
    the concern for how others are evaluating us
  43. Social Loafing
    tendency for people to exert less effort when they pull their efforts towards a common goal than when they are individually accountable
  44. 1.  Task is challenging for all members

    2.  Task is appealing to all members

    3.  All members are actively involved
    Social loafing is not as prominent if the task is ___ and ___ for all members and if all members are ___ ___.
  45. Free Riders
    people who benefit from the group but give little in return
  46. Informational Influence
    conformity occuring amongst groups when people accept evidence about reality from other people (medial)
  47. Normative Influence
    when groups conform based on their desires to fulfill others' expectations - often to gain acceptance
  48. Task Leadership
    Directive leadership style where the responsibility is to organize work, set standards, and focus on goal attainment
  49. Social Leadership
    Democrative leadership style where the reponsibility is to build teamwork, mediate conflict, and be suppportive.
  50. 1.  Consistent

    2.  Self-Confident

    3.  Visionary

    4.  Ability to Communicate

    5.  Ability to Inspire
    Effective leaders are ___, ___, ___, and have the ability to ___ and ___.
  51. Group Think
    a mode of thinking that persons engage in when agreement becomes so dominent in a cohesive in-group, that it tends to override realistic appraisal of alternate courses of action
  52. - stick to their position

    - have self-confidence

    - deflect from the majority
    Minorities can make a big impact when . . . (3)
  53. Leadership
    process by which certain group members motivate and guide the group
  54. women
    ___ have more influence on social relationships.
  55. D) Normative and Accepted
    #12) ___ influence is based on one's desire to be ___
  56. they are given alternatives
    #19) Fear arousing messages are most effective if . . .
  57. Deindividuation
    when you lose your sense of identity (self-awareness)

    *most common in "mob" settings*
  58. Pearl Harbor

    Incidents of group think in American history
  59. Group Polarization
    when a group become divided and there's no middle ground
Card Set:
PSY 360 Exam 2
2013-04-11 05:45:27
Social Psychology

Social Psychology
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