How long is the average tenure for a police chief?
2.5 to 4.5 years
What are Freinch and Ravens 5 types of power?
What are the two branches to the traditional leadership theory?
Great Man and the traits approach.
According to Downs what are the 4 types of leader behavior in bureaucratic structurs?
What are the two components to ethical leadership?
1. the moral person
2. the moral manager
What is the supervisor's role?
To get the best out of his subordinates.
What are the four types of supervisors?
traditional supervisor, innovative supervisor, supportive supervisor, and active supervisor
What is the definition of traditional supervisor
a law enforcement oriented officer, who expect their subordinates to produce a high level of measurable activities. Stat guy
What is the definition of innovative supervisor?
closed associated with community policing opposite of traditional
What is the definition of supportive supervisor?
concerned with developing good relationships with his subordinates and protecting them from unfair labor practices.
What is the definition of active supervisor?
heavily involved in the fields. Take charge of situations rather than supervising them.
What percentage of elgible officers will take a promotional exam?
What are the 7 basic precepts for a media policy?
1. Never lie or embellish
2. Never slowly release details of a story
3. Do not lash out at the press
4. Do not shift blame
5. Look at the big picture
6. Honor promises
7. Remember bad news will pass
What are the 5 types of communication within an organization?
1. job instruction
2. job rationale
3. Procedure and practices communication
According to Dahle what is the most effective form of communication?
Oral and written communication combined.
What is the best known INFORMAL way of transmitting communication through an organization?
What are the six most important keys to Non-Verbal communication?
1. Use an erect posture
2. Stand up straight during a confrontation
3.Speak at a moderate pace
5. Maintain eye contact
6. Gesture in a relaxed non mechanical way.
What are the five most important items that project external image
1. Freshly shined shoes
2. Impeccable fingernails
3. Clean jewelry
4. Well maintained hair
5.Good looking teeth
What are the four phases in group interaction?
What years were Generation X born in?
1965 and 1980
What years were Generation Y born in?
1981 and 1994
What three factors have influenced ethical issues in policing?
1. growing level of tempation stemming from the drug trade.
2.compromising nature of police culture
3. challenges from deventrilization
What is "Noble cause corruption" ?
corruption committed in the name of good ends, corrupton that happens when police officers care too much about thier work.
According to Fair and Pilcher what is the primary purpose of ethics?
To guide police decision making. Codes of ethics provide more comprehensive guidelines than law and policy. Answer questions that may otherwise go unanswered.
What are five areas police can get in trouble?
1. lying and deception
2. acceptance of gratuities and corruption
3. improper use of force
4. verbal and psychological abuse
5. violation of civil rights
6. improper sexual relationships
What are the two types of police lying developed by Barker and Carter?
Accepted lying and deviant lying
According to the model policy concerning Alternate Care for Arrestee's Dependants, if the arrestee is unable to arrange for care for a dependant who is responsible for notifying the proper agency to provide care?
The arresting officer or shift supervisor.
You should instruct your officer to question an arrestee about dependant persons if it is likely their detention will exceed how many hours?
In a situation where two of your officers are confrinted with unlawful force while attempting to reasonably perform thier duties, you expect them to do what?
Continue to perform thier lawful duties and defend themselves in the process.
According to Use of Force and Deadly Force SOP which of the below is NOT advice you would give officers under your command?
Use of warning shots is an acceptable way of avoiding the use of deadly force.
As the supervisor you would expect the officer to terminate a pursuit if what existed?
The violator's vehicle clearly outperforms the police vehicles.
According to NJ Police Vehicular Pursuit policy a supervisor should allow which one of the following actions?
An Unmarked police unit equipped wiht an emergancy light and siren to initiate a pursuit.
Police officers are allowed to use only what force is necessary to ________________.
affect an arrest.
What does DRRM stand for?
Synamic Resistance Response Model
What is the definition of contagious shooting?
gunfire that spreads among officers who believe that they or their colleagues are facing a threat.
Profane language towards a citizen causes them to do what?
they will passively submit or respond aggressively, in either case they will distrust and dislike the police.
What is legal abuse and civil rights violaitons?
Police actions that violate a citizen's constitutional or statutory rights. Usually involves false arrests, false imprisonment, and harrassment.
What is one way for police chiefs to determine if officers are stopping or searching too many minorities?
Collecting traffic stop data.
What is the "deep pockets" approach?
when a plaintiff in a lawsuit includes as many officers as possible in the lawsilt to enhance the probility that the award will be greater and the defendants will be able to pay it.
What two types of liability do supervisers have?
Direct and vicarious liability
What is simple negligence?
when a supervisor fails to provide the degree of care and vigilance required for a situation.
What is Negigent assignment?
when a supervisor assigns a task to a subordinate wihtout first determining that the subordinate is properly trained or capable to perform the task.
What is Negligent failure to supervise?
Occurs when a supervisor fails to properly oversee a subordinates activities.
What is Negligent failure to direct?
occurs when a supervisor fails to advise subordinates of the specific requirements and limits of the job.
What is negligents entrustment?
occurs when supervisors entrust officers with equipment and facilites and fail to properly supervise the officers' care and use of the equipment, the officers then commits an act while using the equipment that violates a citizens' rights.
What is "Proximate Cause"?
the officers conduct caused the plaintiffs injury or damage.
What U.S. Supreme court case deals with the proper amount of force the police may use during a high speed vehcle pursuit?
Scott vs. Harris
What percentage of police complaints are initiated internally?
What three sources may supervisors receive complaints from?
primary, secondary, and anonyous
What is involved in a formal complaint?
a written, signed, or tape recorded statement of the allegation, and the complainant requests to be informed of the investigation's disposition.
What are the six outcomes of an internal investigation?
Unfounded - alleged act did not occur
Exonerated - act occurred but was lawful
Not Sustained - insufficient evidence
Misconduct not based on the complaint
Closed - investigation is halted.
Sustained - act occurred and is in violation
According to the Police Resources text what are the 7 disciplinary actions used by agencies?
2. Documented Oral Counseling
3. Letter of Reprimand
What does EWS stand for and what is it?
EWS stands for "Early Warning System" and is a database tool designed to identify offiers whose behavior is problematic and provide a form of intervention to correct performance.
Who identified the benefits of the Early Warning System?
Reiter in 1993
What are the benefits to having an Early Warning System?
1. officer's career could be salvaged
2. supervisors become active in employee developlement
3. provides progressive steps to support termination who fails to respond
4. valuable information can be gained and used to make positive changes in training,equipment, tactics, and policy.
5. defends against "custom practive" allegation in a lawsuit.
6. may encourage community confidence in the agency's ability to control itself.
What does a "Mission Statement" do?
expresses the department's most important values that guide the department and the overall philosophy of the agency.
According to Cordner and Sheehan what are the 8 primary police objectives that exemplify the unique and wide-ranging nature of the police role?
1.Preventing and Controlling threatening
2. Aiding individuals in danger or harm
3. Protecting constituational gurantees
4. Facilitating the movement of people and
5. Assisting those who cannot care for
6. Resolving conflict
7. Identifying potentially serious problems
8. Creating and maintaining a feeling of
What is the single most important determinaton of whether or not a case will be solved?
The information the victim supplies the responding officer.
Traffic stops account for what percentage of police-citizen contact?
for every ten drivers ____ are stopped by the police each year.
Traffic enforement is the responsibilty of what members of the patrol force?
What should the specific goals of the traffic enforcment program be?
Reduce the number of persons injured or killed in traffic accidents by 10 % a year for the next 3 years.
Reduce the amount of dollar loss as a result of accidents by 10% a year for the next 3 years.
What are the essentials to conducting role call?
atmosphere of order, civility, and professional decorum.
What do good driving habits of an officer accomplish?
Set an example for how officers expect others to drive.
What is the first formal element of the criminal justice system?
What is the definition of arrest?
The physical taking of a person into custody by a police officer with the intent of placing formal charges against that person.
What are the three elements of an arrest?
1. intent on the part of the officer to take the suspect into custody.
2. Real or assumed authority of the arresting officer.
3. The person arrested must come with the custody and control of the law.
What is the leading case involving stop and frisk?
Terry vs. Ohio
What four conditions must be met for a search incident to arrest to be valid?