Chapter 11 to 20 Exam.txt

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Chapter 11 to 20 Exam.txt
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Sexual Psychology Chaminade Final exam
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Final exam Chaminade Sexual Psychology
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  1. Mere-exposure effect
    The tendency to like someone more if we have been exposed to him or her repeatedly.
  2. Homophily
    The tendency to have contact with people equal in social status.
  3. Matching phenomenon
    The tendency for men and women to choose as partners people who match them, that is, who are similar in attitudes, intelligence, and attractiveness.
  4. Intimacy
    A quality of relationships characterized by commitment, feelings of closeness and trust, and self-disclosure.
  5. Self-disclosure
    Telling personal things about yourself.
  6. Love story
    A story about what love should be like, including characters, a plot, and a theme.
  7. Passionate love
    A state of intense longing for union with the other person and of intense physiological arousal.
  8. Companionate love
    A feeling of deep attachment and commitment to a person with whom one has an intimate relationship.
  9. Operational definition
    Defining some concept or term by how it is measured, for example, defining intelligence as those abilities that are measured by IQ tests.
  10. Two-component theory of love
    Berscheid and Walster's theory that two conditions must exist simultaneously for passionate love to occur: physiological arousal and attaching a cognitive label ("love") to the feeling.
  11. Misattribution of arousal
    When one is in a stage of physiological arousal (e.g., from exercising or being in a frightening situation), attributing these feelings to love or attraction to the person present.
  12. Intent
    What the speaker means.
  13. Impact
    What someone else understands the speaker to mean.
  14. Effective communicator
    A communicator whose impact matches his or her intent.
  15. "I" language
    Speaking for yourself, using the word "I," not mind reading.
  16. Mind reading
    Making assumptions about what your partner thinks or feels.
  17. Documenting
    Giving specific examples of the issue being discussed.
  18. Leveling
    Telling your partner what you are feeling by stating your thoughts clearly, simply, and honestly.
  19. Editing
    Censoring or not saying things that would be deliberately hurtful to your partner or that are irrelevant.
  20. Paraphrasing
    Saying, in your own words, what you thought your partner meant.
  21. Nonverbal communication
    Communication not through words, but through the body; for example, eye contact, tone of voice, touching.
  22. Validation
    Telling your partner that, given his or her point of view, you can see why he or she thinks a certain way.
  23. Fighting fair
    A set of rules designed to make arguments constructive rather than destructive.
  24. Gender role
    A set of norms, or culturally defined expectations, that define how people of one gender ought to behave.
  25. Stereotype
    A generalization about a group of people (e.g., men) that distinguishes them from others (e.g., women).
  26. Acculturation
    The process of incorporating the beliefs and customs of a new culture.
  27. Socialization
    The ways in which society conveys to the individual its norms or expectations for his or her behavior.
  28. Penile strain gauge
    A device used to measure physiological sexual arousal in the male; it is a flexible loop that fits around the base of the penis.
  29. Photoplethysmograph
    An acrylic cylinder placed inside the vagina to measure physiological sexual arousal in the female. Also called a photometer.
  30. Person-centered sex
    Sexual expression in which the emphasis is on the relationship and emotions between the two people.
  31. Body-centered sex
    Sexual expression in which the emphasis is on the body and physical pleasure.
  32. Transsexual
    A person who believes he or she was born with the body of the other gender. See also transgender and gender reassignment.
  33. Gender reassignment
    The process for transsexuals to change their body to the other gender.
  34. Gender dysphoria
    Unhappiness with one's gender; another term for transsexualism.
  35. Transgender
    A category including transsexuals, those who think of themselves as a third gender, transvestites, gender benders, and others.
  36. Male-to-female transsexual (MTF)
    A person who is born with a male body but who has a female identity and wishes to become a female biologically in order to match her identity.
  37. Female-to-male transsexual (FTM)
    A person born with a female body whose gender identity is male and who wishes to undergo gender reassignment.
  38. Gender identity disorder (GID)
    A strong and persistent crossgender identification.
  39. Buccal smear
    A test of genetic sex, in which a small scraping of cells is taken from the inside of the mouth, stained, and examined under a microscope.
  40. Sexual orientation
    A person's erotic and emotional orientation toward members of his or her own gender or members of the other gender.
  41. Homosexual
    A person whose sexual orientation is toward members of the same gender.
  42. Heterosexual
    A person whose sexual orientation is toward members of the other gender.
  43. Bisexual
    A person whose sexual orientation is toward both men and women.
  44. Lesbian
    A woman whose sexual orientation is toward other women.
  45. Gay
    Homosexual; especially male homosexuals.
  46. Straight
    Heterosexual; that is, a person whose sexual orientation is toward members of the opposite gender.
  47. Homophobia
    A strong, irrational fear of homosexuals; negative attitudes and reactions to homosexuals.
  48. Antigay prejudice
    Negative attitudes and behaviors toward gays and lesbians. Also termed sexual prejudice.
  49. Heterosexism
    The belief that everyone is heterosexual and that heterosexuality is the norm; homosexuality is denigrated.
  50. Covert homosexual
    A homosexual who is "in the closet," who keeps his or her sexual orientation a secret.
  51. Overt homosexual
    A homosexual who is "out of the closet," who is open about his or her sexual orientation.
  52. Coming out
    The process of acknowledging to oneself, and then to others, that one is gay or lesbian.
  53. Gay baths
    Clubs where gay men can socialize; features include a swimming pool or whirlpool and access to casual sex.
  54. Sexual identity
    One's self-identity as homosexual, heterosexual, or bisexual.
  55. Medical model
    A theoretical model in psychology and psychiatry in which mental problems are thought of as sickness or mental illness; the problems in turn are often thought to be due to biological factors.
  56. Conversion or reparative therapy
    Any one of a number of treatments designed to turn LGBs into heterosexuals; also called reparative therapy.
  57. Deprivation homosexuality
    Homosexual activity that occurs in certain situations, such as prisons, when people are deprived of their regular heterosexual activity.
  58. Paraphilia
    Recurring, intense, unconventional sexual fantasies, urges, or behavior that is obsessive and compulsive.
  59. Fetishism
    A person's sexual fixation on some object other than another human being and attachment of great erotic significance to that object.
  60. Media fetish
    A fetish whose object is anything made of a particular substance, such as leather.
  61. Form fetish
    A fetish whose object is a particular shape, such as high-heeled shoes.
  62. Transvestism
    The practice of deriving sexual gratification from dressing as a member of the other gender.
  63. Drag queen
    A male homosexual who dresses in women's clothing.
  64. Female impersonator
    A man who dresses up as a woman as part of a job in entertainment.
  65. Sexual sadist
    A person who derives sexual satisfaction from inflicting suffering or humiliation on another person.
  66. Sexual masochist
    A person who derives sexual satisfaction from experiencing pain.
  67. Bondage and discipline
    The use of physical or psychological restraint to enforce servitude, from which both participants derive sensual pleasure.
  68. Dominance and submission
    The use of power consensually given to control the sexual stimulation and behavior of the other person.
  69. Compulsive sexual behavior
    A disorder in which the individual experiences intense, uncontrollable sexually arousing fantasies, urges, and associated sexual behaviors.
  70. Voyeur
    A person who becomes sexually aroused from secretly viewing nudes; secretly watching people who are nude.
  71. Scoptophilia
    A sexual variation in which the person becomes sexually aroused by observing others' sexual acts and genitals.
  72. Exhibitionism/exhibitionist
    Showing one's genitals in a public place, to passersby; indecent exposure. A person who derives sexual gratification from exposing his genitals to others in inappropriate situations.
  73. Nymphomania
    An excessive, insatiable sex drive in a woman.
  74. Satyriasis
    An excessive, insatiable sex drive in a man; also called Don Juanism.
  75. Hypersexuality
    An excessive, insatiable sex drive in either men or women.
  76. Asexuality
    Having no sexual attraction to a person of either sex.
  77. Asphyxiophilia
    The desire to induce in oneself a state of oxygen deficiency in order to create sexual arousal or to enhance excitement and orgasm; also called hypoxyphilia.
  78. Zoophilia
    Sexual contact with an animal; also called bestiality or sodomy.
  79. Frotteurism
    Rubbing one's genitals against the body of a nonconsenting person.
  80. Troilism
    Three people having sex together.
  81. Saliromania
    A desire to damage or soil a woman or her clothes.
  82. Coprophilia
    Deriving sexual satisfaction from contact with feces.
  83. Necrophilia
    Deriving sexual satisfaction from contact with a dead person.
  84. Rape
    Nonconsenting oral, anal, or vaginal penetration obtained by force, by threat of bodily harm, or when the victim is incapable of giving consent.
  85. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
    Long-term psychological distress suffered by someone who has experienced a terrifying event.
  86. Posttraumatic growth
    Positive life changes and psychological development following exposure to trauma.
  87. Marital rape
    The rape of a person by her or his current or former spouse.
  88. Victim-precipitated rape
    The view that rape is a result of a woman "asking for it."
  89. Sexual solicitation of youth on the Internet
    Cases in which a sexual predator "meets" a child or adolescent online, gains the youth's confidence, and arranges an in-person meeting.
  90. Incest
    Sexual activity between relatives.
  91. Pedophilia
    Child molesting, an adult having sexual activity with a prepubescent child.
  92. Prostitutes/commercial sex workers
    Persons who engage in sexual acts in return for money or drugs and do so in a promiscuous, fairly nondiscriminating fashion.
  93. Call girl
    The most expensive and exclusive category of prostitutes.
  94. Brothel
    A house of prostitution.
  95. In-call service
    A residence in which prostitutes work regular shifts, selling sexual services on an hourly basis.
  96. Massage parlor
    A place where massages, as well as sexual services, can generally be purchased.
  97. Out-call service
    A service that sends a prostitute or sex worker to a location specified by the client to provide sexual services.
  98. Streetwalker
    A lower-status prostitute or sex worker who walks the streets selling sexual services.
  99. Pimp
    A prostitute's companion, protector, and master.
  100. Madam
    A woman who manages a brothel, in-call, out-call, or escort service.
  101. Sex trafficking
    The recruitment and control of persons for sexual exploitation.
  102. Gigolo
    A male who provides companionship and sexual gratification on a continuing basis to a woman in exchange for money.
  103. Hustler
    A male sex worker who sells his services to men.
  104. Sex tourism
    Leisure travel with the purpose of purchasing sexual services.
  105. Pornography
    Sexually arousing art, literature, or films.
  106. Obscenity
    That which is offensive to decency or modesty, or calculated to arouse sexual excitement or lust.
  107. Kiddie porn
    Pictures or films of sexual acts involving children.
  108. Sexual disorder
    A problem with sexual response that causes a person mental distress.
  109. Lifelong sexual disorder
    A sexual disorder that has been present ever since the person began sexual functioning.
  110. Acquired sexual disorder
    A sexual disorder that develops after a period of normal functioning.
  111. Hypoactive sexual desire (HSD)
    A sexual disorder in which there is a lack of interest in sexual activity; also termed inhibited sexual desire or low sexual desire.
  112. Discrepancy of sexual desire
    A sexual disorder in which the partners have considerably different levels of sexual desire.
  113. Sexual aversion disorder
    A disorder in which the person feels an actual aversion or repulsion toward sex.
  114. Female sexual arousal disorder (FSAD)
    A sexual disorder in which there is a lack of response to sexual stimulation.
  115. Erectile disorder
    The inability to have or maintain an erection.
  116. Lifelong erectile disorder
    Cases of erectile disorder in which the man has never had an erection sufficient to have intercourse.
  117. Acquired erectile disorder
    Cases of erectile disorder in which the man at one time was able to have satisfactory erections but can no longer do so.
  118. Premature (early) ejaculation
    A sexual disorder in which the man ejaculates too soon and believes he cannot control when he ejaculates.
  119. Male orgasmic disorder
    A sexual disorder in which the male cannot have an orgasm, even though he is highly aroused and has had a great deal of sexual stimulation.
  120. Female orgasmic disorder
    A sexual disorder in which the woman is unable to have an orgasm.
  121. Situational orgasmic disorder
    A case of orgasmic disorder in which the woman is able to have an orgasm in some situations (e.g., while masturbating) but not in others (e.g., while having sexual intercourse).
  122. Dyspareunia
    Painful intercourse.
  123. Vaginismus
    A sexual disorder in which there is a spastic contraction of the muscles surrounding the entrance to the vagina, in some cases so severe that intercourse is impossible.
  124. Organic factors of sexual disorders
    Physical factors, such as disease or injury, that cause sexual disorders.
  125. Prior learning
    Things that people have learned earlier—for example, in childhood—that now affect their sexual response.
  126. Immediate causes
    Various factors that occur in the act of lovemaking that inhibit sexual response.
  127. Cognitive interference
    Negative thoughts that distract a person from focusing on the erotic experience.
  128. Spectatoring
    Masters and Johnson's term for acting as an observer or judge of one's own sexual performance; thought to contribute to sexual disorders.
  129. Behavior therapy
    A system of therapy based on learning theory, in which the focus is on the problem behavior and how it can be modified or changed.
  130. Sensate focus exercise
    A part of the sex therapy developed by Masters and Johnson in which one partner caresses the other, the other communicates what is pleasurable, and there are no performance demands.
  131. Cognitive–behavioral therapy
    A form of therapy that combines behavior therapy and restructuring of negative thought patterns.
  132. Kegel exercises
    A part of sex therapy for women with orgasmic disorder, in which the woman exercises the muscles surrounding the vagina; also called pubococcygeal or PC muscle exercises.
  133. Bibliotherapy
    The use of a self-help book to treat a disorder.
  134. Viagra
    A drug used in the treatment of erectile disorder; sildenafil.
  135. Penile prosthesis
    A surgical treatment for erectile dysfunction, in which inflatable tubes are inserted into the penis.
  136. Chlamydia
    An organism causing a sexually transmitted disease. The symptoms in males are a thin, clear discharge and mild pain on urination; females are frequently asymptomatic.
  137. Asymptomatic
    Having no symptoms.
  138. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
    An infection and inflammation of the pelvic organs, such as the fallopian tubes and the uterus, in the female.
  139. HPV
    Human papillomavirus, the organism that causes genital warts.
  140. Genital warts
    A sexually transmitted infection causing warts on the genitals.
  141. Genital herpes
    A sexually transmitted disease, the symptoms of which are small, painful bumps or blisters on the genitals.
  142. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)
    A sexually transmitted disease that destroys the body's natural immunity to infection so that the person is susceptible to and may die from a disease such as pneumonia or cancer.
  143. HIV
    Human immunodeficiency virus; the virus that causes AIDS.
  144. AZT
    A drug used to treat HIV-infected persons; also called ZDV.
  145. Gonorrhea
    A sexually transmitted infection that usually causes symptoms of a puslike discharge and painful, burning urination in the male but is frequently asymptomatic in the female.
  146. Syphilis
    A sexually transmitted infection that causes a chancre to appear in the primary stage.
  147. Chancre
    A painless, ulcerlike lesion with a hard, raised edge that is an early symptom of syphilis.
  148. Primary-stage syphilis
    The first few weeks of a syphilis infection during which the chancre is present.
  149. Secondary-stage syphilis
    The second stage of syphilis, occurring several months after infection, during which the chancre has disappeared and a generalized body rash appears.
  150. Latent syphilis
    The third stage of syphilis, which may last for years, during which symptoms disappear although the person is still infected.
  151. Late syphilis
    The fourth and final stage of syphilis, during which the disease does damage to major organs of the body such as the lungs, heart, or brain.
  152. Congenital syphilis
    A syphilis infection in a newborn baby resulting from transmission from an infected mother.
  153. Hepatitis B
    A liver disease that can be transmitted sexually or by needle sharing.
  154. Trichomoniasis
    A form of vaginitis causing a frothy white or yellow discharge with an unpleasant odor.
  155. Pubic lice
    Tiny lice that attach themselves to the base of pubic hairs and cause itching; also called crabs.
  156. Vaginitis
    An irritation or inflammation of the vagina, usually causing a discharge.
  157. Monilia
    A form of vaginitis causing a thick, white discharge; also called candida or yeast infection.
  158. Prostatitis
    An infection or inflammation of the prostate gland.
  159. Ethics
    A system of moral principles; a way of determining right and wrong.
  160. Hedonism
    A moral system based on maximizing pleasure and avoiding pain.
  161. Asceticism
    An approach to life emphasizing discipline and impulse control.
  162. Legalism
    Ethics based on the assumption that there are rules for human conduct and that morality consists of knowing the rules and obeying them.
  163. Situationism
    Ethics based on the assumption that there are no absolute rules, or at least very few, and that each situation must be judged individually.
  164. Pederasty
    Sex between an older man and a younger man, or a boy; sometimes called boy love.
  165. Fertility cult
    A form of nature religion in which the fertility of the soil is encouraged through various forms of ritual magic, often including ritual sexual intercourse.
  166. Dualism
    A religious or philosophical belief that body and spirit are separate and opposed to each other and that the goal of life is to free the spirit from the bondage of the body; thus a depreciation of the material world and the physical aspect of humanity.
  167. Celibacy
    The practice of remaining celibate, or unmarried. Sometimes used to refer to abstaining from sexual intercourse, the correct term for which is chastity.
  168. Humanism
    A philosophical system that denies a divine holds that ethical judgments must be made on the basis of human experience and human reason.
  169. Moralism
    A religious or philosophical attitude that emphasizes moral behavior, usually according to strict standards, as the highest goal of human life. Moralists tend to favor strict regulation of human conduct to help make people good.
  170. Pluralism
    A philosophical or political attitude that affirms the value of many competing opinions and believes that the truth is discovered in the clash of diverse perspectives. Pluralists, therefore, believe in the maximum human freedom possible.
  171. Adultery
    Voluntary sexual intercourse by a husband or wife with someone other than one's spouse; thus betrayal of one's marriage vows.
  172. Fornication
    The term for sex by unmarried persons and, more generally, all immoral sexual behavior.
  173. Somatic cell nuclear transfer
    A cloning technique that involves substituting genetic material from an adult's cell for the nucleus of an egg.
  174. Therapeutic cloning
    Creating cells or tissues that are genetically identical to those of a patient, to treat a disease.
  175. Fornication
    The term for sex by unmarried persons and, more generally, all immoral sexual behavior.
  176. Victorian compromise
    The decision not to criminalize behavior per se and instead criminalize conduct that is visible to the outside world.
  177. Rape
    Nonconsenting oral, anal, or vaginal penetration obtained by force, by threat of bodily harm, or when the victim is incapable of giving consent.
  178. Incest
    Sexual activity between relatives.
  179. Cohabitation
    Unmarried persons living together (with sexual relations assumed).
  180. Adultery
    Voluntary sexual intercourse by a husband or wife with someone other than one's spouse; thus betrayal of one's marriage vows.
  181. Sodomy
    Originally "crimes against nature"; in contemporary laws, oral and anal intercourse.
  182. Exhibitionism/exhibitionist
    Showing one's genitals in a public place, to passersby; indecent exposure. A person who derives sexual gratification from exposing his genitals to others in inappropriate situations.
  183. Voyeurism
    Secretly watching people who are nude, for purposes of becoming sexually aroused.
  184. Obscenity
    That which is offensive to decency or modesty, or calculated to arouse sexual excitement or lust.
  185. Decriminalization
    Removing an act from those prohibited by law, ceasing to define it as a crime.
  186. The tendency to like someone more if we have been exposed to him or her repeatedly.
    Mere-exposure effect
  187. The tendency to have contact with people equal in social status.
    Homophily
  188. The tendency for men and women to choose as partners people who match them, that is, who are similar in attitudes, intelligence, and attractiveness.
    Matching phenomenon
  189. A quality of relationships characterized by commitment, feelings of closeness and trust, and self-disclosure.
    Intimacy
  190. Telling personal things about yourself.
    Self-disclosure
  191. A story about what love should be like, including characters, a plot, and a theme.
    Love story
  192. A state of intense longing for union with the other person and of intense physiological arousal.
    Passionate love
  193. A feeling of deep attachment and commitment to a person with whom one has an intimate relationship.
    Companionate love
  194. Defining some concept or term by how it is measured, for example, defining intelligence as those abilities that are measured by IQ tests.
    Operational definition
  195. Berscheid and Walster's theory that two conditions must exist simultaneously for passionate love to occur: physiological arousal and attaching a cognitive label ("love") to the feeling.
    Two-component theory of love
  196. When one is in a stage of physiological arousal (e.g., from exercising or being in a frightening situation), attributing these feelings to love or attraction to the person present.
    Misattribution of arousal
  197. What the speaker means.
    Intent
  198. What someone else understands the speaker to mean.
    Impact
  199. A communicator whose impact matches his or her intent.
    Effective communicator
  200. Speaking for yourself, using the word "I," not mind reading.
    "I" language
  201. Making assumptions about what your partner thinks or feels.
    Mind reading
  202. Giving specific examples of the issue being discussed.
    Documenting
  203. Telling your partner what you are feeling by stating your thoughts clearly, simply, and honestly.
    Leveling
  204. Censoring or not saying things that would be deliberately hurtful to your partner or that are irrelevant.
    Editing
  205. Saying, in your own words, what you thought your partner meant.
    Paraphrasing
  206. Communication not through words, but through the body; for example, eye contact, tone of voice, touching.
    Nonverbal communication
  207. Telling your partner that, given his or her point of view, you can see why he or she thinks a certain way.
    Validation
  208. A set of rules designed to make arguments constructive rather than destructive.
    Fighting fair
  209. A set of norms, or culturally defined expectations, that define how people of one gender ought to behave.
    Gender role
  210. A generalization about a group of people (e.g., men) that distinguishes them from others (e.g., women).
    Stereotype
  211. The process of incorporating the beliefs and customs of a new culture.
    Acculturation
  212. The ways in which society conveys to the individual its norms or expectations for his or her behavior.
    Socialization
  213. A device used to measure physiological sexual arousal in the male; it is a flexible loop that fits around the base of the penis.
    Penile strain gauge
  214. An acrylic cylinder placed inside the vagina to measure physiological sexual arousal in the female. Also called a photometer.
    Photoplethysmograph
  215. Sexual expression in which the emphasis is on the relationship and emotions between the two people.
    Person-centered sex
  216. Sexual expression in which the emphasis is on the body and physical pleasure.
    Body-centered sex
  217. A person who believes he or she was born with the body of the other gender. See also transgender and gender reassignment.
    Transsexual
  218. The process for transsexuals to change their body to the other gender.
    Gender reassignment
  219. Unhappiness with one's gender; another term for transsexualism.
    Gender dysphoria
  220. A category including transsexuals, those who think of themselves as a third gender, transvestites, gender benders, and others.
    Transgender
  221. A person who is born with a male body but who has a female identity and wishes to become a female biologically in order to match her identity.
    Male-to-female transsexual (MTF)
  222. A person born with a female body whose gender identity is male and who wishes to undergo gender reassignment.
    Female-to-male transsexual (FTM)
  223. A strong and persistent crossgender identification.
    Gender identity disorder (GID)
  224. A test of genetic sex, in which a small scraping of cells is taken from the inside of the mouth, stained, and examined under a microscope.
    Buccal smear
  225. A person's erotic and emotional orientation toward members of his or her own gender or members of the other gender.
    Sexual orientation
  226. A person whose sexual orientation is toward members of the same gender.
    Homosexual
  227. A person whose sexual orientation is toward members of the other gender.
    Heterosexual
  228. A person whose sexual orientation is toward both men and women.
    Bisexual
  229. A woman whose sexual orientation is toward other women.
    Lesbian
  230. Homosexual; especially male homosexuals.
    Gay
  231. Heterosexual; that is, a person whose sexual orientation is toward members of the opposite gender.
    Straight
  232. A strong, irrational fear of homosexuals; negative attitudes and reactions to homosexuals.
    Homophobia
  233. Negative attitudes and behaviors toward gays and lesbians. Also termed sexual prejudice.
    Antigay prejudice
  234. The belief that everyone is heterosexual and that heterosexuality is the norm; homosexuality is denigrated.
    Heterosexism
  235. A homosexual who is "in the closet," who keeps his or her sexual orientation a secret.
    Covert homosexual
  236. A homosexual who is "out of the closet," who is open about his or her sexual orientation.
    Overt homosexual
  237. The process of acknowledging to oneself, and then to others, that one is gay or lesbian.
    Coming out
  238. Clubs where gay men can socialize; features include a swimming pool or whirlpool and access to casual sex.
    Gay baths
  239. One's self-identity as homosexual, heterosexual, or bisexual.
    Sexual identity
  240. A theoretical model in psychology and psychiatry in which mental problems are thought of as sickness or mental illness; the problems in turn are often thought to be due to biological factors.
    Medical model
  241. Any one of a number of treatments designed to turn LGBs into heterosexuals; also called reparative therapy.
    Conversion or reparative therapy
  242. Homosexual activity that occurs in certain situations, such as prisons, when people are deprived of their regular heterosexual activity.
    Deprivation homosexuality
  243. Recurring, intense, unconventional sexual fantasies, urges, or behavior that is obsessive and compulsive.
    Paraphilia
  244. A person's sexual fixation on some object other than another human being and attachment of great erotic significance to that object.
    Fetishism
  245. A fetish whose object is anything made of a particular substance, such as leather.
    Media fetish
  246. A fetish whose object is a particular shape, such as high-heeled shoes.
    Form fetish
  247. The practice of deriving sexual gratification from dressing as a member of the other gender.
    Transvestism
  248. A male homosexual who dresses in women's clothing.
    Drag queen
  249. A man who dresses up as a woman as part of a job in entertainment.
    Female impersonator
  250. A person who derives sexual satisfaction from inflicting suffering or humiliation on another person.
    Sexual sadist
  251. A person who derives sexual satisfaction from experiencing pain.
    Sexual masochist
  252. The use of physical or psychological restraint to enforce servitude, from which both participants derive sensual pleasure.
    Bondage and discipline
  253. The use of power consensually given to control the sexual stimulation and behavior of the other person.
    Dominance and submission
  254. A disorder in which the individual experiences intense, uncontrollable sexually arousing fantasies, urges, and associated sexual behaviors.
    Compulsive sexual behavior
  255. A person who becomes sexually aroused from secretly viewing nudes; secretly watching people who are nude.
    Voyeur
  256. A sexual variation in which the person becomes sexually aroused by observing others' sexual acts and genitals.
    Scoptophilia
  257. Showing one's genitals in a public place, to passersby; indecent exposure. A person who derives sexual gratification from exposing his genitals to others in inappropriate situations.
    Exhibitionism/exhibitionist
  258. An excessive, insatiable sex drive in a woman.
    Nymphomania
  259. An excessive, insatiable sex drive in a man; also called Don Juanism.
    Satyriasis
  260. An excessive, insatiable sex drive in either men or women.
    Hypersexuality
  261. Having no sexual attraction to a person of either sex.
    Asexuality
  262. The desire to induce in oneself a state of oxygen deficiency in order to create sexual arousal or to enhance excitement and orgasm; also called hypoxyphilia.
    Asphyxiophilia
  263. Sexual contact with an animal; also called bestiality or sodomy.
    Zoophilia
  264. Rubbing one's genitals against the body of a nonconsenting person.
    Frotteurism
  265. Three people having sex together.
    Troilism
  266. A desire to damage or soil a woman or her clothes.
    Saliromania
  267. Deriving sexual satisfaction from contact with feces.
    Coprophilia
  268. Deriving sexual satisfaction from contact with a dead person.
    Necrophilia
  269. Nonconsenting oral, anal, or vaginal penetration obtained by force, by threat of bodily harm, or when the victim is incapable of giving consent.
    Rape
  270. Long-term psychological distress suffered by someone who has experienced a terrifying event.
    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  271. Positive life changes and psychological development following exposure to trauma.
    Posttraumatic growth
  272. The rape of a person by her or his current or former spouse.
    Marital rape
  273. The view that rape is a result of a woman "asking for it."
    Victim-precipitated rape
  274. Cases in which a sexual predator "meets" a child or adolescent online, gains the youth's confidence, and arranges an in-person meeting.
    Sexual solicitation of youth on the Internet
  275. Sexual activity between relatives.
    Incest
  276. Child molesting, an adult having sexual activity with a prepubescent child.
    Pedophilia
  277. Persons who engage in sexual acts in return for money or drugs and do so in a promiscuous, fairly nondiscriminating fashion.
    Prostitutes/commercial sex workers
  278. The most expensive and exclusive category of prostitutes.
    Call girl
  279. A house of prostitution.
    Brothel
  280. A residence in which prostitutes work regular shifts, selling sexual services on an hourly basis.
    In-call service
  281. A place where massages, as well as sexual services, can generally be purchased.
    Massage parlor
  282. A service that sends a prostitute or sex worker to a location specified by the client to provide sexual services.
    Out-call service
  283. A lower-status prostitute or sex worker who walks the streets selling sexual services.
    Streetwalker
  284. A prostitute's companion, protector, and master.
    Pimp
  285. A woman who manages a brothel, in-call, out-call, or escort service.
    Madam
  286. The recruitment and control of persons for sexual exploitation.
    Sex trafficking
  287. A male who provides companionship and sexual gratification on a continuing basis to a woman in exchange for money.
    Gigolo
  288. A male sex worker who sells his services to men.
    Hustler
  289. Leisure travel with the purpose of purchasing sexual services.
    Sex tourism
  290. Sexually arousing art, literature, or films.
    Pornography
  291. That which is offensive to decency or modesty, or calculated to arouse sexual excitement or lust.
    Obscenity
  292. Pictures or films of sexual acts involving children.
    Kiddie porn
  293. A problem with sexual response that causes a person mental distress.
    Sexual disorder
  294. A sexual disorder that has been present ever since the person began sexual functioning.
    Lifelong sexual disorder
  295. A sexual disorder that develops after a period of normal functioning.
    Acquired sexual disorder
  296. A sexual disorder in which there is a lack of interest in sexual activity; also termed inhibited sexual desire or low sexual desire.
    Hypoactive sexual desire (HSD)
  297. A sexual disorder in which the partners have considerably different levels of sexual desire.
    Discrepancy of sexual desire
  298. A disorder in which the person feels an actual aversion or repulsion toward sex.
    Sexual aversion disorder
  299. A sexual disorder in which there is a lack of response to sexual stimulation.
    Female sexual arousal disorder (FSAD)
  300. The inability to have or maintain an erection.
    Erectile disorder
  301. Cases of erectile disorder in which the man has never had an erection sufficient to have intercourse.
    Lifelong erectile disorder
  302. Cases of erectile disorder in which the man at one time was able to have satisfactory erections but can no longer do so.
    Acquired erectile disorder
  303. A sexual disorder in which the man ejaculates too soon and believes he cannot control when he ejaculates.
    Premature (early) ejaculation
  304. A sexual disorder in which the male cannot have an orgasm, even though he is highly aroused and has had a great deal of sexual stimulation.
    Male orgasmic disorder
  305. A sexual disorder in which the woman is unable to have an orgasm.
    Female orgasmic disorder
  306. A case of orgasmic disorder in which the woman is able to have an orgasm in some situations (e.g., while masturbating) but not in others (e.g., while having sexual intercourse).
    Situational orgasmic disorder
  307. Painful intercourse.
    Dyspareunia
  308. A sexual disorder in which there is a spastic contraction of the muscles surrounding the entrance to the vagina, in some cases so severe that intercourse is impossible.
    Vaginismus
  309. Physical factors, such as disease or injury, that cause sexual disorders.
    Organic factors of sexual disorders
  310. Things that people have learned earlier—for example, in childhood—that now affect their sexual response.
    Prior learning
  311. Various factors that occur in the act of lovemaking that inhibit sexual response.
    Immediate causes
  312. Negative thoughts that distract a person from focusing on the erotic experience.
    Cognitive interference
  313. Masters and Johnson's term for acting as an observer or judge of one's own sexual performance; thought to contribute to sexual disorders.
    Spectatoring
  314. A system of therapy based on learning theory, in which the focus is on the problem behavior and how it can be modified or changed.
    Behavior therapy
  315. A part of the sex therapy developed by Masters and Johnson in which one partner caresses the other, the other communicates what is pleasurable, and there are no performance demands.
    Sensate focus exercise
  316. A form of therapy that combines behavior therapy and restructuring of negative thought patterns.
    Cognitive–behavioral therapy
  317. A part of sex therapy for women with orgasmic disorder, in which the woman exercises the muscles surrounding the vagina; also called pubococcygeal or PC muscle exercises.
    Kegel exercises
  318. The use of a self-help book to treat a disorder.
    Bibliotherapy
  319. A drug used in the treatment of erectile disorder; sildenafil.
    Viagra
  320. A surgical treatment for erectile dysfunction, in which inflatable tubes are inserted into the penis.
    Penile prosthesis
  321. An organism causing a sexually transmitted disease. The symptoms in males are a thin, clear discharge and mild pain on urination; females are frequently asymptomatic.
    Chlamydia
  322. Having no symptoms.
    Asymptomatic
  323. An infection and inflammation of the pelvic organs, such as the fallopian tubes and the uterus, in the female.
    Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  324. Human papillomavirus, the organism that causes genital warts.
    HPV
  325. A sexually transmitted infection causing warts on the genitals.
    Genital warts
  326. A sexually transmitted disease, the symptoms of which are small, painful bumps or blisters on the genitals.
    Genital herpes
  327. A sexually transmitted disease that destroys the body's natural immunity to infection so that the person is susceptible to and may die from a disease such as pneumonia or cancer.
    AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)
  328. Human immunodeficiency virus; the virus that causes AIDS.
    HIV
  329. A drug used to treat HIV-infected persons; also called ZDV.
    AZT
  330. A sexually transmitted infection that usually causes symptoms of a puslike discharge and painful, burning urination in the male but is frequently asymptomatic in the female.
    Gonorrhea
  331. A sexually transmitted infection that causes a chancre to appear in the primary stage.
    Syphilis
  332. A painless, ulcerlike lesion with a hard, raised edge that is an early symptom of syphilis.
    Chancre
  333. The first few weeks of a syphilis infection during which the chancre is present.
    Primary-stage syphilis
  334. The second stage of syphilis, occurring several months after infection, during which the chancre has disappeared and a generalized body rash appears.
    Secondary-stage syphilis
  335. The third stage of syphilis, which may last for years, during which symptoms disappear although the person is still infected.
    Latent syphilis
  336. The fourth and final stage of syphilis, during which the disease does damage to major organs of the body such as the lungs, heart, or brain.
    Late syphilis
  337. A syphilis infection in a newborn baby resulting from transmission from an infected mother.
    Congenital syphilis
  338. A liver disease that can be transmitted sexually or by needle sharing.
    Hepatitis B
  339. A form of vaginitis causing a frothy white or yellow discharge with an unpleasant odor.
    Trichomoniasis
  340. Tiny lice that attach themselves to the base of pubic hairs and cause itching; also called crabs.
    Pubic lice
  341. An irritation or inflammation of the vagina, usually causing a discharge.
    Vaginitis
  342. A form of vaginitis causing a thick, white discharge; also called candida or yeast infection.
    Monilia
  343. An infection or inflammation of the prostate gland.
    Prostatitis
  344. A system of moral principles; a way of determining right and wrong.
    Ethics
  345. A moral system based on maximizing pleasure and avoiding pain.
    Hedonism
  346. An approach to life emphasizing discipline and impulse control.
    Asceticism
  347. Ethics based on the assumption that there are rules for human conduct and that morality consists of knowing the rules and obeying them.
    Legalism
  348. Ethics based on the assumption that there are no absolute rules, or at least very few, and that each situation must be judged individually.
    Situationism
  349. Sex between an older man and a younger man, or a boy; sometimes called boy love.
    Pederasty
  350. A form of nature religion in which the fertility of the soil is encouraged through various forms of ritual magic, often including ritual sexual intercourse.
    Fertility cult
  351. A religious or philosophical belief that body and spirit are separate and opposed to each other and that the goal of life is to free the spirit from the bondage of the body; thus a depreciation of the material world and the physical aspect of humanity.
    Dualism
  352. The practice of remaining celibate, or unmarried. Sometimes used to refer to abstaining from sexual intercourse, the correct term for which is chastity.
    Celibacy
  353. A philosophical system that denies a divine holds that ethical judgments must be made on the basis of human experience and human reason.
    Humanism
  354. A religious or philosophical attitude that emphasizes moral behavior, usually according to strict standards, as the highest goal of human life. Moralists tend to favor strict regulation of human conduct to help make people good.
    Moralism
  355. A philosophical or political attitude that affirms the value of many competing opinions and believes that the truth is discovered in the clash of diverse perspectives. Pluralists, therefore, believe in the maximum human freedom possible.
    Pluralism
  356. Voluntary sexual intercourse by a husband or wife with someone other than one's spouse; thus betrayal of one's marriage vows.
    Adultery
  357. The term for sex by unmarried persons and, more generally, all immoral sexual behavior.
    Fornication
  358. A cloning technique that involves substituting genetic material from an adult's cell for the nucleus of an egg.
    Somatic cell nuclear transfer
  359. Creating cells or tissues that are genetically identical to those of a patient, to treat a disease.
    Therapeutic cloning
  360. The term for sex by unmarried persons and, more generally, all immoral sexual behavior.
    Fornication
  361. The decision not to criminalize behavior per se and instead criminalize conduct that is visible to the outside world.
    Victorian compromise
  362. Nonconsenting oral, anal, or vaginal penetration obtained by force, by threat of bodily harm, or when the victim is incapable of giving consent.
    Rape
  363. Sexual activity between relatives.
    Incest
  364. Unmarried persons living together (with sexual relations assumed).
    Cohabitation
  365. Voluntary sexual intercourse by a husband or wife with someone other than one's spouse; thus betrayal of one's marriage vows.
    Adultery
  366. Originally "crimes against nature"; in contemporary laws, oral and anal intercourse.
    Sodomy
  367. Showing one's genitals in a public place, to passersby; indecent exposure. A person who derives sexual gratification from exposing his genitals to others in inappropriate situations.
    Exhibitionism/exhibitionist
  368. Secretly watching people who are nude, for purposes of becoming sexually aroused.
    Voyeurism
  369. That which is offensive to decency or modesty, or calculated to arouse sexual excitement or lust.
    Obscenity
  370. Removing an act from those prohibited by law, ceasing to define it as a crime.
    Decriminalization
  371. The folk saying of "Birds of a feather flock together" relates to:
    A) mere-exposure effect.
    B) the matching phenomenon.
    C) physical attractiveness.
    D) reinforcement theory.
    B) the matching phenomenon.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  372. A great deal of evidence shows that, given a choice of more than one potential partner, men and women prefer the partner who is:
    A) more physically attractive.
    B) funnier.
    C) more athletic.
    D) smarter.
    A) more physically attractive.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  373. The "interpersonal marketplace" principle suggests the tendency in our society for:
    A) wealthy men to pair with older women.
    B) handsome and rich men to pair with smart women.
    C) attractive men to pair with attractive to slightly less attractive women.
    D) beautiful women to pair with wealthy men.
    D) beautiful women to pair with wealthy men.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  374. Respondents in a study by the National Survey of Black Americans associated what aspect with attractiveness?
    A) Height
    B) Skin tone
    C) Health
    D) Wealth
    B) Skin tone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  375. Research on playing hard-to-get found that:
    A) men didn't like women who they thought they would have to work with.
    B) men had higher opinions of women who are hard-to-get than of easy-to-get women.
    C) men had higher opinions of women who are easy-to-get than of hard-to-get women.
    D) men believed that a woman who is hard-to-get is not promiscuous.
    D) men believed that a woman who is hard-to-get is not promiscuous.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  376. Research on jealousy indicates that: A) women are more jealous than men in all situations. B) men are more likely to become jealous in response to their partner's sexual activity. C) men are more likely to become jealous in response to their partner's emotional involvement with a third person. D) men are more jealous than women in all situations.
    B) men are more likely to become jealous in response to their partner's sexual activity.
  377. According to the sexual strategies theory of sociobiologists: A) men prefer women who will be sexually faithful because they want to be certain about the paternity of offspring. B) men prefer young women because they are more likely to be fertile than older women. C) women must make a much greater investment than men in order to reproduce. D) all of these.
    D) all of these.
  378. Research on the importance of self-disclosure to intimacy indicates that self-disclosure: A) promotes intimacy in a relationship even when the partner does not respond to the self-disclosure in an accepting manner. B) and intimacy appear to mutually build on each other. C) of facts is more closely related to intimacy than self-disclosure of emotions. D) and intimacy consistently increase over time.
    B) and intimacy appear to mutually build on each other.
  379. Kissing, touching, and making love are examples of acting on which component of love in Sternberg's model? A) Passion B) Attachment C) Intimacy D) Commitment
    A) Passion
  380. According to the "love as a story" model: A) we create a different love story for each relationship after we fall in love. B) love stories originate in our culture and are not related to personal experiences and characteristics. C) love stories derive their power from the fact that they are self-fulfilling. D) love stories are unlikely to influence relationships significantly.
    C) love stories derive their power from the fact that they are self-fulfilling.
  381. Which of the following is an example of the emotional component of love on the Passionate Love Scale (PLS)? A) Sometimes I feel I can't control my thoughts; they are obsessively on ______. B) For me, ______ is the perfect romantic partner. C) I will love ______ forever. D) I eagerly look for signs indicating ______'s desire for me.
    C) I will love ______ forever.
  382. Which chemical may contribute to long-term relationships by playing a role in pair-bonding? A) Estrogen B) Testosterone C) Oxytocin D) Progestin
    C) Oxytocin
  383. Which of the following is true of research done on the two-component theory of love? A) No researchers to date have tried to study this using an experimental design. B) In most studies, men displayed attraction to an attractive male interviewer. C) In one study, men who engaged in physical exercise expressed more liking for an attractive, female confederate than men who had not exercised. D) In most studies, men displayed attraction to a female interviewer regardless of how attractive or unattractive she was.
    C) In one study, men who engaged in physical exercise expressed more liking for an attractive, female confederate than men who had not exercised.
  384. In which country would a person be MOST LIKELY to marry even if she or he didn't love the intended spouse? A) United States B) Australia C) England D) India
    D) India
  385. What is the tendency to have contact with people equal in social status? A) Heterophily B) Homophily C) Matching phenomenon D) Mere-exposure effect
    B) Homophily
  386. The males of which ethnic group have been stereotyped as asexual, while the women have been stereotyped as exotic sex toys? A) Anglo Americans B) African Americans C) Latinos D) Asian Americans
    D) Asian Americans
  387. The process of acculturation to Anglo American society seems to have increased male dominance among which of the following ethnic minority groups? A) American Indians B) Mexican Americans C) Polish Americans D) Asian Americans
    A) American Indians
  388. Sub-groups of which larger ethnic group traditionally held relatively egalitarian gender roles? A) African Americans B) Anglo Americans C) American Indians D) Latinos
    C) American Indians
  389. Which of the following is NOT true of gender role socialization? A) Gender role socialization is completed by the end of adolescence. B) The peer group has a strong influence on gender role socialization during adolescence. C) Children learn some gender-typed behaviors when adults tell them what is expected of males and females. D) Children are often rewarded for behavior that is considered appropriate for their gender.
    A) Gender role socialization is completed by the end of adolescence.
  390. On which indicator or indicators do males consistently score higher than females? A) Physical aggression B) Verbal aggression C) Fantasy aggression D) All of these
    D) All of these
  391. A review of almost 200 studies of gender differences in sexuality found that the largest difference between males and females was in the incidence of: A) sexual intercourse. B) masturbation. C) oral sex. D) phone sex.
    B) masturbation.
  392. Laboratory research studies on male and female responses to erotic materials have found: A) consistently large gender differences. B) explicit sexual materials to be arousing to men, but not to women. C) that men were often not aware of their own physiological arousal. D) that while men may be more aroused by erotic materials, the gender difference is not large.
    D) that while men may be more aroused by erotic materials, the gender difference is not large.
  393. The anatomical explanation for gender differences in sexuality focuses on: A) the importance of the female breasts in producing sexual arousal. B) the fact that the penis is external, visible, and has an obvious sexual response. C) the higher levels of testosterone in males than in females. D) the ease which most people have in finding a woman's clitoris.
    B) the fact that the penis is external, visible, and has an obvious sexual response.
  394. Which of the following is likely to be a factor contributing to male and female differences in sexuality? A) Women's concern about pregnancy resulting from intercourse. B) The ease with which most women experience clitoral stimulation from vaginal intercourse. C) The tendency for women to become "hooked" on masturbation. D) Women's greater experience with masturbation leading to more comfort in sexual situations with partners.
    A) Women's concern about pregnancy resulting from intercourse.
  395. A photoplethysmograph measures: A) physiological arousal in males. B) physiological arousal in females. C) hormonal activity in males. D) hormonal activity in females.
    B) physiological arousal in females.
  396. A female-to-male transsexual who is sexually attracted to women would be: A) gynephilic. B) gynophobic. C) androphilic. D) androphobic.
    A) gynephilic.
  397. The first step in gender reassignment is: A) hormone therapy. B) counseling and psychiatric evaluation. C) surgery. D) the "real-life test."
    B) counseling and psychiatric evaluation.
  398. Which of the following statements is true with regard to causes of transsexualism? A) John Money cited a critical period during childhood. B) Biologists have proposed that a male must be both defeminized and masculinized during adolescence. C) Scientists reason that there may be more than one path to it. D) Gender Identity Disorder is not found in children younger than 9 or 10 years of age.
    C) Scientists reason that there may be more than one path to it.
  399. In 2000, the International Olympic Committee suspended testing female athletes on what gender-related matter? A) Sexual preferences B) Gender verification C) Cross-dressing tendencies D) Gender bias
    B) Gender verification
  400. What can create a gender-role problem for Black men? A) Willingness to commit to marriage B) Unemployment rate C) Educational opportunities D) Contradictory stereotypes about Black women
    B) Unemployment rate
  401. Homosexuals are similar to other minority groups in that: A) they suffer from job discrimination. B) their appearance is an easy indicator of minority group status. C) they are protected from discrimination by federal law. D) stereotypes about them rarely lead to discrimination or hate crimes.
    A) they suffer from job discrimination.
  402. Which aspect of the gay social life has created a controversy within the gay community? A) Gay bars B) The Metropolitan Community Church C) Gay baths D) Lesbian and gay pride marches
    C) Gay baths
  403. When measuring the incidence of homosexuality: A) Kinsey's unsystematic sampling methods probably led to overestimates of the incidence of homosexuality. B) Kinsey proposed conceptualizing homosexuality and heterosexuality along a continuum rather than using a typological conceptualization. C) the NSFG statistics are comparable to those found in a well-sampled international survey. D) all of these.
    D) all of these.
  404. Which of the following is true about conversion therapy for gay and lesbian individuals? A) It is strongly encouraged by the American Psychiatric Association. B) It is ethically questionable because it rests on the assumption that homosexuality is an illness that should be cured. C) It has demonstrated high success rates. D) It is sought by the majority of gay and lesbian people in the United States.
    B) It is ethically questionable because it rests on the assumption that homosexuality is an illness that should be cured.
  405. Which of the following is NOT true of Bem's interactionist theory of sexual orientation? A) It considers both biological and environmental factors. B) It is designed to explain sexual orientation rather than homosexuality. C) It is supported by a large body of research evidence. D) It is consistent with evidence that gay men and lesbians are more likely than heterosexuals to have a childhood history of gender nonconformity.
    C) It is supported by a large body of research evidence.
  406. Which ethnic group appears to have the least tolerance for homosexuality? A) Anglo Americans B) African Americans C) Asian Americans D) Latinos
    B) African Americans
  407. Some Mexicans and Egyptians take the view that a man can engage in which of the following acts without being considered a homosexual? A) Oral sex with another man B) Inserting his penis into the anus of another man C) Adopting the role of "receiver" whose anus is penetrated by another man's penis D) Pledging commitment in a marriage ceremony with another man
    B) Inserting his penis into the anus of another man
  408. Which of the following statements about bisexuality is true? A) Bisexuality is less common than exclusive homosexuality. B) Some bisexuals are happy in heterosexual marriages. C) Scientists know as much about bisexuals as they do heterosexuals and homosexuals. D) Bisexuals are warmly welcomed by lesbians and gays.
    B) Some bisexuals are happy in heterosexual marriages.
  409. Which of the following statements about ritualized homosexuality in Melanesia is true? A) It is viewed as a means by which a boy at puberty is incorporated into the adult society of men. B) It occurs between boys of the same age. C) It is thought to discourage a boy from entering puberty. D) It is viewed as a means of immunizing younger men from sexually transmitted diseases.
    A) It is viewed as a means by which a boy at puberty is incorporated into the adult society of men.
  410. Which of the following describes the results of research questioning which orientation is the natural state for humans? A) Heterosexuality is the natural state. B) Homosexuality is the natural state. C) Bisexuality is the natural state. D) Research has not definitively defined a natural state.
    D) Research has not definitively defined a natural state.
  411. Which of the following is NOT one of the six stages of identity development in the process of "coming out"? A) Identity tolerance B) Identity pride C) Identity exaltation D) Identity synthesis
    C) Identity exaltation
  412. Which symbol has been adopted as a symbol of gay pride? A) Red ribbon B) Rainbow heart C) Pink triangle D) Yellow circle
    C) Pink triangle
  413. What event cemented together the gay community as it had never been before? A) The Fall of the Berlin Wall B) The HIV/AIDS crisis of the 1980s C) The Vietnam War D) Woodstock
    B) The HIV/AIDS crisis of the 1980s
  414. Which of the following is NOT part of the biological theory? A) Prenatal factors B) Brain factors C) Learning factors D) Hormonal factors
    C) Learning factors
  415. Having the belief that sexuality is something that must be expressed only privately, not publicly, is a common value among which ethnic group in America? A) Asian American B) African American C) Anglo American D) Latino American
    A) Asian American
  416. Which approach for defining abnormal sexual behavior considers the discomfort felt by the person engaging in the behavior? A) Statistical B) Sociological C) Psychological D) Medical
    C) Psychological
  417. At what point does a fetish cross the boundary into abnormal behavior? A) When one cannot become aroused without the presence of the fetish object. B) When the fetish object becomes a substitute for a human partner. C) When one commits burglary to obtain the fetish object. D) All of these.
    D) All of these.
  418. Which of the following statements accurately reflects how psychoanalytic theory explains the much greater prevalence of male than female paraphiliacs? A) The drive to inseminate many partners causes men to be aroused by sexual stimuli devoid of emotional content. B) Males are subject to castration anxiety. C) Males are taught to initiate sexual interactions rather than to be nurturing and empathize with others. D) Males generally have more highly developed superegos than females.
    B) Males are subject to castration anxiety.
  419. Which of the following statements is an accurate explanation for why men engage in transvestite activities? A) Sexual arousal B) Enhance professional status C) Authority complex D) Depression
    A) Sexual arousal
  420. Which of the following is a disorder in which individuals experience intense and sexually arousing fantasies and urges, and associated sexual behaviors that are intrusive and repetitive? A) Compulsive sexual behavior B) Urophila C) Troilism D) Transvestic fetishism
    A) Compulsive sexual behavior
  421. Criticisms of the sexual addiction model include which of the following? A) Sexual addiction does not meet the definition of true addictions because it does not involve physiological symptoms of withdrawal. B) Addiction could become an excuse for illegal, destructive behavior. C) The abstinence model cannot be applied to sexuality because sexual expression is a basic human need. D) All of these.
    D) All of these.
  422. Which of the following statements is NOT an accurate representation of the research on the causes of sadomasochism? A) Learning theory suggests that it evolves because the person learns to associate pain with sexual arousal. B) Baumeister suggests that it is motivated by a desire to escape from self-awareness. C) Most sadomasochists report the behavior gives them needed mental superiority in the workplace. D) The heavy pressures of the male role are thought to explain why masochism is more common among males than among females.
    C) Most sadomasochists report the behavior gives them needed mental superiority in the workplace.
  423. Which statement is accurate about pain and sadomasochists? A) Unexpected pain outside the bedroom, such as spraining an ankle, is as arousing as sexual pain. B) Pain is always the source of sexual pleasure. C) Pain is arousing when it is part of a carefully scripted ritual. D) Pain thresholds in any circumstance are high.
    C) Pain is arousing when it is part of a carefully scripted ritual.
  424. Existing research on voyeurism: A) mostly consists of studies using people who have been arrested or sought treatment for their behavior. B) indicates that it is more common in females than males. C) indicates that voyeurs are not dangerous. D) suggests that peepers prefer the people they view to be familiar to them.
    A) mostly consists of studies using people who have been arrested or sought treatment for their behavior.
  425. Exhibitionists who involve unwilling participants often aim to: A) produce shock. B) befriend strangers. C) get arrested. D) downplay debilitating sexual desires.
    A) produce shock.
  426. Which of the following is true about hypersexuality? A) It is easily defined on a practical level. B) It leads to compulsive sexual behavior, which may have negative consequences. C) It usually results in high levels of sexual satisfaction. D) It rarely interferes with other aspects of a person's life.
    B) It leads to compulsive sexual behavior, which may have negative consequences.
  427. Which of the following statements about frotteurism is true? A) It is defined as fantasies, urges, or behaviors involving exposing one's genitals to a nonconsenting person, often in a crowded location. B) Less than 5 percent of men reported doing this activity in a national survey. C) The target is often in a crowded, public place and is unaware of the activity. D) Most people engage in this activity naked.
    C) The target is often in a crowded, public place and is unaware of the activity.
  428. Which of the following sexual desires cause an estimated 250 to 1,000 deaths a year? A) Asphyxiophilia B) Saliromania C) Necrophilia D) Urophilia
    A) Asphyxiophilia
  429. In which of the following would a person be interested if he has a shoe fetish? A) Media fetish B) Form fetish C) Transvestic fetish D) None of these
    B) Form fetish
  430. According to Carnes's analysis, which is the third step of the four-step cycle in which a sexually compulsive behavior proceeds? A) Despair B) Rituals C) Preoccupation D) Compulsive sexual behavior
    D) Compulsive sexual behavior
  431. The typical definition of rape, following current laws in many states, includes: A) only nonconsensual vaginal penetration. B) nonconsensual oral and anal penetration only. C) oral, anal, or vaginal penetration obtained by force or when the victim is incapable of giving consent. D) only vaginal penetration obtained through the threat of bodily harm, such as at knifepoint or gunpoint.
    C) oral, anal, or vaginal penetration obtained by force or when the victim is incapable of giving consent.
  432. Research dating to the 1970s on the reactions to and consequences of rape has found that: A) the effects of rape tend to last for less than three months. B) emotional reactions immediately after a rape (the acute phase) are often severe. C) the experience of self-blame among women is rare. D) women who have been sexually or physically assaulted at some time in the past visit their physician less often than nonvictimized women.
    B) emotional reactions immediately after a rape (the acute phase) are often severe.
  433. New research suggests that people who were raped: A) will always experience post-traumatic stress disorder. B) may experience positive life changes and a greater concern for others. C) always feel suicidal between 1 to 3 years later. D) will want to harm loved ones 3 to 6 months after the rape.
    B) may experience positive life changes and a greater concern for others.
  434. Research on marital rape indicates that: A) it occurs in most marriages. B) the man who batters his wife is less likely to rape her. C) rape occurs to establish power and domination. D) it is impossible.
    C) rape occurs to establish power and domination.
  435. Which of the following was found to reduce a man's likelihood of raping? A) Violent home environment B) Empathy C) Sexual promiscuity D) A hostile masculine personality
    B) Empathy
  436. Which of the following was the most frequent suggestion made by inmates for ending prison sexual violence? A) To segregate those who are most vulnerable B) To decrease the availability of pornography C) To disallow conjugal visits D) Provide group counseling to all new inmates
    A) To segregate those who are most vulnerable
  437. Which of the following is NOT a strategy for preventing rape recommended in your text? A) Decide early if you would like to have intercourse. B) Be polite to avoid unpleasant scenes. C) Set sexual limits. D) Trust your gut-level feelings.
    B) Be polite to avoid unpleasant scenes.
  438. What is believed to be the MOST common form of incest? A) Father/daughter B) Mother/son C) Sibling D) Stepfather/stepchild
    C) Sibling
  439. Pedophiles tend to:
    A) generally vary their patterns of preference.
    B) have intense sexual fantasies over a period of 1 to 2 months.
    C) be repeat offenders, and their patterns of preference tend to be stable over time.
    D) score high on measures of heterosocial competence.
    C) be repeat offenders, and their patterns of preference tend to be stable over time.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  440. Which of the following treatments has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing the recidivism rate of sex offenders when the offenders refuse hormone treatment? A) Cognitive-behavioral interventions B) Hypnosis C) Psychodynamic therapy D) All of these
    A) Cognitive-behavioral interventions
  441. Each year thousands of children are sexually abused, and the vast majority of these cases go unreported. Recent research, however, suggests that:
    A) legal authorities prefer to squelch new reports of sex abuse against children.
    B) a few cases are false and the product of suggestion.
    C) all reported cases of sex abuse are eventually proven in a court of law.
    D) perpetrators are never punished.
    B) a few cases are false and the product of suggestion.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  442. Dissociative amnesia is:  
    A) the inability to recall events that happened before 2 years of age.
    B) an inability to recall happy memories, while fixating on unpleasant ones.  
    C) a fixation with memories of a traumatic experience.  
    D) an inability to recall important personal information, usually of a traumatic nature.  
    D) an inability to recall important personal information, usually of a traumatic nature.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  443. According to the theory proposed by Fiske and Glick (1995), which type of harassment may be particularly insidious because the man thinks of himself as acting benevolently toward the woman? A) Hostile harassment B) Paternalistic-ambivalent harassment C) Earnest harassment D) Competitive-ambivalent harassment
    B) Paternalistic-ambivalent harassment
  444. Which of the following is true about sexual relations between psychotherapists and their clients? A) They are considered ethical by the American Psychological Association. B) The number of such incidents is probably overestimated. C) They are situations of unequal power. D) They have little potential for serious emotional damage to the client.
    C) They are situations of unequal power.
  445. Pedophiles are more likely than controls to have: A) low testosterone levels. B) head injuries at an early age. C) heterosocial competence. D) high estrogen levels.
    B) head injuries at an early age.
  446. In which state is prostitution legal in five counties? A) California B) New York C) Nevada D) Hawaii
    C) Nevada
  447. Which of the following is socially skilled and would manage or own a brothel or an escort service? A) Pimp B) Panderer C) Baby pro D) Madam
    D) Madam
  448. According to the landmark study on the well-being of prostitutes by Vanwesenbeeck, which variable is associated with poor well-being? A) A history of victimization and trauma as children or adolescents B) Entering the profession as an adult C) Working in urban settings D) All of these
    A) A history of victimization and trauma as children or adolescents
  449. In which kind of work are the sex workers from third world countries forced to engage? A) Pimping B) Running a brothel C) Sex trafficking D) Masseuse
    C) Sex trafficking
  450. Which of the following is NOT a coping mechanism that sex workers frequently use to shut down feelings about their work? A) Depersonalization B) Drugs and alcohol C) Focus on enjoying the freedom of their work D) Relying on a network of contacts with other sex workers as a source of support
    C) Focus on enjoying the freedom of their work
  451. The largest group of male hustlers is: A) full-time street and bar hustlers. B) full-time call boys or kept boys. C) part-time hustlers, who are typically students or individuals employed in another occupation. D) delinquents who use prostitution as an extension of other criminal activities.
    C) part-time hustlers, who are typically students or individuals employed in another occupation.
  452. A magazine that includes explicit pictures of sadomasochism is referred to as: A) a loop. B) hard-core. C) soft-core. D) electronic porn.
    B) hard-core.
  453. People using Internet chat rooms can: A) meet and carry on conversations electronically. B) try out a range of identities. C) be different in reality from the way they present themselves. D) all of these.
    D) all of these.
  454. Research studies on the consumers of pornography suggest that: A) the typical customer in a pornographic bookstore is a poorly educated, older male with a low-paying job. B) the typical customer in a pornographic bookstore is an educated, middle-class male. C) computer porn attracts a less varied clientele than pornographic bookstores. D) repeat customers are unusual in the porn business.
    B) the typical customer in a pornographic bookstore is an educated, middle-class male.
  455. In 2004, it was discovered that several pornography actresses were infected with what sexually transmitted disease after engaging in unsafe sex? A) Gonorrhea. B) Syphilis. C) HIV. D) Chlamydia.
    C) HIV.
  456. Research studies on the effects of exposure to aggressive pornography have consistently found that exposure to portrayals of rape: A) has no effect on the attitudes of males. B) has profound effects on the attitudes of males. C) has no effect on the behavior of males. D) may have an effect on men who say they would commit rape under some circumstances.
    D) may have an effect on men who say they would commit rape under some circumstances.
  457. Which of the following is NOT a reason feminists object to pornography? A) The pay is not equal to men's for the same work. B) It shows unequal power relationships between women and men. C) It debases women. D) It associates sex with violence toward women.
    A) The pay is not equal to men's for the same work.
  458. What is a service that sends a prostitute or sex worker to a location specified by the client to provide sexual services? A) Hustler B) In-call service C) Out-call service D) Massage parlor
    C) Out-call service
  459. ho may provide a prostitute with food, shelter, clothing, drugs and protection as well as companionship and sex? A) Madam B) Pimp C) Streetwalker D) Johns
    B) Pimp
  460. What type of gigolo enters into a series of marriages of convenience? A) Golden Boy B) Lap Dog C) Toy Boy D) Sugar Daddy
    B) Lap Dog
  461. According to sociobiologists, monkeys and apes that ejaculated quickly were able to: A) control the length of time between erection and ejaculation. B) ejaculate in 3 seconds. C) survive and reproduce. D) experience multiple orgasms.
    C) survive and reproduce.
  462. Which statement about female sexual disorders is true? A) Too little sexual desire is the most common sexual issue reported by women. B) Primary orgasmic disorder is more common than situational orgasmic disorder. C) Female sexual arousal disorder is diagnosed solely on the basis of measurements of vaginal lubrication. D) Lubrication difficulties are rarely problems for women during and after menopause.
    A) Too little sexual desire is the most common sexual issue reported by women
  463. Which of the following is true about hypoactive sexual desire disorder? A) It is the same thing as a discrepancy of sexual desire. B) It is reported more often in men than in women. C) It was the first sexual disorder to be identified and treated by sex therapists. D) They experience rapid "turn-off" so that they feel nothing.
    D) They experience rapid "turn-off" so that they feel nothing.
  464. Organic factors that can cause dyspareunia include: A) disorders of the vaginal entrance. B) pelvic disorders. C) disorders of the vagina D) all of these.
    D) all of these.
  465. Which of the following statements about the effects of prescription drugs on sexual functioning is accurate? A) Very few prescription drugs affect sexual functioning. B) Antihistamines can cause too much lubrication in women. C) Medications used to treat high blood pressure can cause erection problems in men. D) Prescription drugs are almost never misused for their sexual side effects.
    C) Medications used to treat high blood pressure can cause erection problems in men.
  466. Prior learning situations that can cause sexual disorders include: A) sexual abuse. B) being taught that sex is dirty and sinful. C) being punished for sexual activity. D) all of these.
    D) all of these.
  467. All of the following are important components of the Masters and Johnson model of sex therapy EXCEPT: A) homework assignments. B) intensive psychotherapy. C) sensate focus exercises. D) communication skills.
    B) intensive psychotherapy.
  468. Rosen, Leiblum, and Spector's model for treating men with erectile disorder includes all EXCEPT: A) sexual and performance anxiety reduction. B) relapse prevention training. C) spectatoring. D) cognitive intervention.
    C) spectatoring.
  469. The recreational drug crystal methamphetamine: A) is recommended by sex experts. B) makes men sexually listless. C) tends to make people engage in risky sexual behavior. D) can help prevent the spread of HIV.
    C) tends to make people engage in risky sexual behavior.
  470. Which of the following is true about Kegel exercises for strengthening the PC muscle? A) They seem to enhance arousal. B) Strengthening the PC muscle increases the risk of involuntary urination during orgasm. C) They cannot be used in treating men. D) The PC muscle is difficult for most women to locate without medical direction.
    A) They seem to enhance arousal.
  471. Which of the following is true about the prescription drug Viagra? A) It is used to treat premature ejaculation. B) Viagra facilitates engorgement of the penis. C) It enhances the sexual performance of men who function within the normal range. D) It is helpful for sexual disorders other than erectile disorder.
    B) Viagra facilitates engorgement of the penis.
  472. By mid-2004, the most promising development for postmenopausal women experiencing low sexual desire was: A) a Viagra-like drug that increases vasocongestion. B) a pill that boosts estrogen and testosterone levels. C) a testosterone patch named Intrinsa. D) a Viagra-like drug which inflates the clitoris.
    C) a testosterone patch named Intrinsa.
  473. Problems with surgical therapies to treat erectile disorders, such as the inflatable penis, include: A) inability to father children. B) high incidence of rupture. C) the loss of the ability to have a natural erection. D) the penis is often enlarged by the surgery.
    C) the loss of the ability to have a natural erection.
  474. Psychiatrist Thomas Szasz is known for which of the following statements? A) Sex therapists take people who have problems in living and classify them as "sick" or "mentally ill." B) The work of Masters and Johnson is admirable for being nonjudgmental and value-free. C) Psychological treatment is greatly helped by the trend toward medicalizing sexual disorders. D) Most sexual disorders may well turn out to have cure rates of 80 percent or higher through sexual therapy.
    A) Sex therapists take people who have problems in living and classify them as "sick" or "mentally ill."
  475. Which of the following is NOT a principle of good sexual mental health? A) Communicate with your partner. B) Don't be a spectator. C) Set up goals of sexual performance. D) Know that "failures" will occur.
    C) Set up goals of sexual performance.
  476. Which of the following is true about chlamydia? A) The disease is typically asymptomatic in women. B) Chlamydia has few serious health complications. C) A vaccine against chlamydia is available for humans. D) It is difficult to treat and cure.
    A) The disease is typically asymptomatic in women.
  477. HPV: A) is the most important risk factor for contracting AIDS. B) can be spread by oral sex. C) is not yet widespread. D) none of these.
    B) can be spread by oral sex.
  478. Which of the following statements is true with regard to genital herpes? A) After the sores heal, HSV is gone from the body and the person is cured, although they could contract the virus again. B) The virus can be transmitted from mother to infant during childbirth. C) Acyclovir cures genital herpes. D) Herpes infection decreases one's risk of becoming infected with HIV, as the two organisms are incompatible.
    B) The virus can be transmitted from mother to infant during childbirth.
  479. HIV is able to: A) reproduce in dead cells of the host species. B) particularly invade red blood cells. C) enter human cells without the aid of coreceptors. D) none of these.
    D) none of these.
  480. Which of the following is true about the ELISA test? A) It detects the presence of antibodies to HIV. B) The test directly detects HIV. C) This test has a very low rate of false positives. D) ELISA is rarely used because it is the most expensive test available for HIV.
    A) It detects the presence of antibodies to HIV.
  481. Which statement about AIDS infections in women, children, and ethnic minorities is accurate? A) In the U.S., approximately 26 percent of the cases of AIDS are in women. B) Attempts to reduce the rate of transmission from pregnant mother to child have been unsuccessful. C) AIDS is overrepresented among Asian Americans and Native Americans. D) A major result of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study was to decrease the level of trust African Americans had in the medical community.
    A) In the U.S., approximately 26 percent of the cases of AIDS are in women.
  482. The main difference between the psychological struggles of people diagnosed with HIV and the struggles of those diagnosed with incurable cancer is that: A) individuals diagnosed with HIV typically do not experience denial of reality, followed by anger and depression. B) psychotherapy is not effective in improving the mental and physical health of HIV-positive individuals. C) AIDS is a socially stigmatized disease. D) social and psychological support is not important for HIV-positive individuals.
    C) AIDS is a socially stigmatized disease.
  483. Which of the following practices provides the greatest safety from HIV infection? A) Monogamy B) Abstinence C) Use of condoms D) Limiting the number of sexual partners
    B) Abstinence
  484. Which statement about gonorrhea is true? A) The infection is not obvious or painful for men. B) The infection is usually obvious and painful for women. C) The earliest symptom is a flat, painless sore or blister. D) In women, the infection invades the cervix.
    D) In women, the infection invades the cervix.
  485. With regard to the stages of syphilis: A) the characteristic chancre of primary-stage syphilis will go away by itself even if left untreated. B) secondary-stage syphilis is characterized by a painful rash and severe itching. C) neurosyphilis may develop during latent syphilis. D) primary-stage syphilis often involves mental changes categorized as insanity.
    A) the characteristic chancre of primary-stage syphilis will go away by itself even if left untreated.
  486. Which of the following is a risk that a pregnant and syphilis-infected woman faces? A) The infection may cause a spontaneous abortion. B) The woman's lung may be infected when the bacteria cross the placental barrier. C) Related complications will show up within six months. D) The woman and child may contract lymphadenopathy.
    A) The infection may cause a spontaneous abortion.
  487. Which of the following is true about pubic lice? A) They can be transmitted sexually and from sheets, towels, sleeping bags, and toilet seats. B) There is no effective treatment for pubic lice. C) They are a major cause of PID. D) Pubic lice are only a problem for people who do not bathe regularly, as the lice and their eggs wash off easily.
    A) They can be transmitted sexually and from sheets, towels, sleeping bags, and toilet seats.
  488. Which of the following statements is true with regard to trichomoniasis? A) It can be transmitted only through sexual intercourse. B) Its long-term effects are almost never serious. C) It can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease and problems with birth. D) It is treated with the same drugs used to treat other STDs.
    C) It can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease and problems with birth.
  489. Suggested strategies for preventing vaginitis include: A) washing the vulva carefully. B) using feminine hygiene deodorant sprays. C) wearing Lycra underpants. D) keeping the vulva area moist.
    A) washing the vulva carefully.
  490. Monilia is: A) a yeast infection. B) caused by bacteria Candida. C) passed on to an infant during birth and can cause thrush. D) all of these.
    D) all of these.
  491. Orders of monks and nuns, found in Eastern religions, as well as Christianity, are good examples of institutionalized: A) legalism. B) situationism. C) asceticism. D) hedonism.
    C) asceticism.
  492. An important theme with regard to sexuality in the Judaism of the Hebrew Bible is that: A) sexual behavior is fundamentally positive. B) sex is seen as just another biological function. C) sex should be separated from its social consequences. D) celibacy is superior to marriage.
    A) sexual behavior is fundamentally positive.
  493. ________ is distinctive among the major world religions in insisting on monogamy. A) Islam B) Hinduism C) Christianity D) Humanism
    C) Christianity
  494. Which of the following is true about St. Thomas Aquinas? A) He was one of the most important sources of Catholic moral theology. B) He used a "natural law" approach to Christian ethics. C) He believed that the "natural" purpose of sex is procreation, so all nonprocreative sex is sinful. D) All of these.
    D) All of these.
  495. Which of the following described the beliefs of the Puritans? A) They emphasized the doctrine of "original sin" and hewed to strict standards of behavior. B) Puritans embraced "free love." C) Puritanism allowed for open debate about sexuality. D) Each Puritan sect forbade sexual intercourse among its members.
    A) They emphasized the doctrine of "original sin" and hewed to strict standards of behavior.
  496. Which of the following is FALSE with regard to the scandal in the Catholic Church over the sexual abuse of children by Catholic priests? A) The Church fired and excommunicated most of the priests who were accused of sexual misconduct. B) It has caused some to question the Church's rule of priestly celibacy. C) By 2004, thousands of priests faced allegations of sexual misconduct. D) The scandal caused a shift in authority within the Catholic Church.
    A) The Church fired and excommunicated most of the priests who were accused of sexual misconduct.
  497. Which of the following is true with regard to classical Islam? A) Polygyny and concubinage are not allowed. B) Sexuality is seen positively. C) Celibacy is required of the clergy. D) It is characterized as a female-led faith.
    B) Sexuality is seen positively.
  498. Which of the following describes the "pro-family" political movement in the United States? A) It is rooted in religious conservatism. B) Pro-family proponents are increasingly attempting to influence the legislative process. C) The pro-family position favors an absolute constitutional ban on abortion. D) All of these.
    D) All of these.
  499. Which of the following is part of the Roman Catholic view about contraception? A) It stresses the dangers of world overpopulation. B) It recognizes the needs of emerging nations for more equitable distribution of resources. C) It opposes "artificial" means of contraception. D) It views the use of contraceptives as part of the responsible use of individual freedom.
    C) It opposes "artificial" means of contraception.
  500. Which of the following is true with regard to the debate over homosexuality in the religious community? A) Some recent scholarship suggests that the traditional negative interpretation of Bible passages on homosexuality is accurate. B) No religious group makes a distinction between homosexual orientation and behavior. C) The Episcopal Church does not support civil rights and liberties for homosexual persons and officially opposes the ordination of practicing homosexuals. D) St. Paul was unambiguously against homosexual acts.
    D) St. Paul was unambiguously against homosexual acts.
  501. St. Paul: A) struggled to reconcile sexual activities of the Gentiles with the attitudes of sex of the Jews. B) had no concern for procreation. C) recommended marriage for people with strong sexual urges. D) all of these.
    D) all of these.
  502. Which of the following is true about therapeutic cloning? A) It holds promise for treating neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's. B) It is actively supported by the U.S. government. C) It is not being investigated by scientists in other countries. D) It refers to destroying tissues or cells that are identical to those of a patient.
    A) It holds promise for treating neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's.
  503. Which of the following large populations have been required to undergo mandatory testing for HIV? A) Healthcare workers B) Clergy C) Prisoners D) Medicaid recipients
    C) Prisoners
  504. Which of the following is NOT a position on the issue of homosexuality? A) Rejectionism B) Love the sinner but hate the sin C) Dualism D) Full acceptance
    C) Dualism
  505. Which is a religion that teaches that sexual union epitomizes the essential unity of all things by the joining of female energy and male energy? A) Hinduism B) Tantric Buddhism C) Transcendentalism D) Humanism
    B) Tantric Buddhism
  506. Packer argued that which of the following kinds of sexual legislation might be rationally included in law? A) Laws that preserve the family as the principal unit of the social order B) Laws that protect against force and equivalent means of coercion to secure sexual gratification C) Laws that protect society's morals D) Laws that promote continued dominance by those currently in social power
    B) Laws that protect against force and equivalent means of coercion to secure sexual gratification
  507. Important changes in the legal definition of rape: A) now restrict the definition to vaginal penetration only. B) now require that emission is necessary. C) now include cases in which the victim is incapable of giving consent. D) now limit prosecution of perpetrators who are strangers to the victim.
    C) now include cases in which the victim is incapable of giving consent.
  508. Laws exist against all EXCEPT: A) sodomy. B) cohabitation. C) adultery. D) some or all of these are illegal in some states.
    D) some or all of these are illegal in some states.
  509. Major problems created by the current number of sex laws include: A) entrapment. B) abuse of authority by police and prosecutors. C) discriminatory arrest practices. D) all of these.
    D) all of these.
  510. Which of the following Supreme Court decisions invalidated a state law under which a physician was prosecuted for providing a married couple with information and medical advice concerning contraception? A) Griswold v. Connecticut B) Evans v. Romer C) Eisenstadt v. Baird D) Roe v. Wade
    A) Griswold v. Connecticut
  511. Arguments for decriminalization of prostitution include which of the following applications? A) A sexual act performed by consenting adults produces no legal harm. B) Prosecution of such offenses frees up the criminal justice system. C) Prosecution of prostitution demonstrates a clear pattern of discrimination against men. D) Prostitution contributes to the spread of AIDS.
    A) A sexual act performed by consenting adults produces no legal harm.
  512. The Communications Decency Act passed by the U.S. Congress in 1996: A) attempted to regulate pornography through zoning laws. B) made it illegal to distribute via the Internet "indecent material" that a child could access. C) was affirmed by the U.S. Supreme Court. D) was based on feminist arguments, which defined pornography as inherently discriminatory against women.
    B) made it illegal to distribute via the Internet "indecent material" that a child could access.
  513. The Supreme Court has upheld states' ability to enact all of the following restrictions on abortion EXCEPT: A) parental consent for a minor. B) B, abortions from being performed in state-owned hospitals. C) abortions performed on unmarried victims of rape over the age of 18. D) banning abortions on viable fetuses.
    C) abortions performed on unmarried victims of rape over the age of 18.
  514. All of the following are basic strategies to eliminate or reduce abortions EXCEPT: A) Federal funding to reward young unmarried mothers to give up their babies for adoption B) The Human Life Amendment C) Disruptive action against abortion providers D) Funding restrictions
    A) Federal funding to reward young unmarried mothers to give up their babies for adoption
  515. Which of the following traditional public health measures for controlling epidemics would NOT be appropriate for the HIV epidemic? A) Quarantine of infected persons B) Contact tracing and partner notification C) Routine testing of high-risk groups D) Closing public places known to be linked to infections.
    A) Quarantine of infected persons
  516. Existing laws in the 50 states call for: A) the prosecution of infected persons who did not inform their sexual partners about their HIV status. B) obligatory treatment of those infected with HIV. C) the dismissal of the HIV-infected from their jobs. D) legal questioning of the HIV-infected.
    A) the prosecution of infected persons who did not inform their sexual partners about their HIV status.
  517. Federal laws regulate: A) surrogacy contracts. B) surrogacy contracts for pay. C) the rights of women who donate eggs for IVF. D) none of these.
    D) none of these.
  518. Which of the following is NOT a type of sex law? A) Criminal consensual acts B) Crimes against animals C) Crimes against reproduction D) Crimes against good taste
    B) Crimes against animals
  519. Which state specifies that an embryo, even outside anyone's body, is a person and shall not intentionally be destroyed? A) Texas B) Louisiana C) New York D) California
    B) Louisiana
  520. According to the text, all of the following are sexual rights EXCEPT: A) the right to sexual pleasure. B) the right to sexual information based upon scientific inquiry. C) the right to sexual exhibitionism. D) the right to sexually associate freely.
    C) the right to sexual exhibitionism.

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