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  1. Realism in Art
    • a.      In first half of 19th, Romanticism in art had been paralleled by classical school of painting, but both were superseded by the new mood of the mid-19th
    • b.      In art, Realism became dominant after 1850, although Romanticism was by no means dead
  2. Most important
    • a.      Most important characteristics of Realism were a desire to depict the everyday life of ordinary people, be they peasants, workers, or prostitutes; an attempt at photographic realism; and an interest in the natural environment.
    • b.      French were leaders in realist painting 
  3. Courbet
    •                                                               i.      Most famous artist of the Realist school
    •                                                             ii.      Realism was first coined to describe one of his paintings
    •                                                           iii.      He reveled in realistic portrayal of everyday life: factory workers, peasants, etc.
    •                                                           iv.      The Stonebreakers: two road workers engaged in the deadening work of breaking stones to build a road
  4. Millet
    •                                                               i.      Preoccupied with scenes from rural life, especially peasants laboring in the fields, although his realism still contained an element of Romantic sentimentality
    •                                                             ii.      In The Gleaners, his most famous work, three peasant women gather grain in a field, a centuries-old practice that for Millet showed the symbiotic relationship between humans and nature
    •                                                           iii.      Millet made landscape and country life an important subject matter for French artists
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2013-03-16 14:09:31
HON 122

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