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  1. I.                   Music: The Twilight of Romanticism
    a.      Mid-19th witnessed development of new group of musicians called New German School who emphasized emotional content rather than abstract form and championed new methods of using music to express literary or pictorial ideas
  2. Liszt
    •                                                               i.      Hungarian who was outstanding concert artist by the age of 12
    •                                                             ii.      Most highly esteemed virtuoso of his age= greatest pianist of all time and has been credited with introducing the concept of modern piano recital
  3. Composition
    •                                                               i.      Compositiosn consist mainly of piano pieces, although he composedin other genres as well, including sacred music
    • 1.      He invented the term symphonic poem to refer to his orchestral works, hich did not strictly obey traditional forms and were generally based on a literary or pictorial idea
    •                                                             ii.      Under his guidance and the New German School, Romantic music reached its peak
  4. Wagner
    • a.       
    •                                                               i.      Son in law of Liszt
    •                                                             ii.      Build on advances made by Liszt and the New German School, Wagner ultimately realized the German desire for a truly national opera
    •                                                           iii.      Not only a composer, but also a propagandist and writer in support of his unique conception of dramatic music
  5. Wagner adn avant-garde
    •                                                               i.      Called both the culmination of the Romantic era and the beginning of the avant-garde, his musicà development in classical music
    •                                                             ii.      Opera is best form o fartistic expression, he transformed opera into “music drama” through his Gesamtkunstwerk, a musical composition for the theater in which music, acting, dance, poetry, and scenic design are synthesized into a harmonious whole
  6. Wagnre abandoned
                                                                  i.      Abandoned the traditional divisions of opera, which interrupted the dramatic line of the work, and used a device called a leitmotiv, a recurring musical theme in which the human voice combined with the line of the orchestra instead of rising above it
  7. Wagner operas
    •                                                               i.      His operas incorporate literally hundreds of leitmotivs in order to convey his story
    •                                                             ii.      For his themes, he looked to myth and epic tales from the past
    •                                                           iii.      Most ambitious work was The Ring of the Nibelung, a series of four music dramas dealing with the mythical gods of the ancient German epic
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2013-03-16 14:12:33
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