AGRY 285

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
207685
Filename:
AGRY 285
Updated:
2013-03-16 19:02:36
Tags:
Week
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Description:
World Crop distribution for week 8 & 9
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  1. Sorghum Overview
    • Economically important were low/erratic rain & high temps
    • Three domestication of it
    • Striga parasitic weed
    • low productivity, low digestibility
    • USA, Nigeria, India
  2. Sorghum Gene Pool
    • Bicolors- primitive and widely distributed
    • Guineas- W. Africa
    • Caudatums- C. Africa
    • Durras- N & E Africa
    • Kafirs- S Afica
    • 1800s taken to Americas and Australia
    • Developing short varieties, hybrids
  3. Sorghum food
    • 1990 USA working on Food-grade for non-gluten
    • Want white pericarp
    • Larger rounder seeds
    • Ferment it
    • stiff porridge
    • Enjera- bitter bread
  4. Pearl Millet Overview
    • Good nutrition/digestibility but poor yeild
    • Grow with cowpea- only fert
    • India, Nigeria, Niger
    • Can be infested with striga
    • Protogynous- female parts first then male to encourage out crossing
  5. Pearl Millet food
    • Porridges and anmial feed
    • To- like fofo
  6. Cowpea
    • Topical Legume
    • Most important pulse
    • Very tolerant
    • Intercropping (indeterminate)
    • Determinate for monoculture
    • Needs to be cooked
    • Hard to store, PICS project
    • Nigeria, Niger, Burkina Faso
  7. Yams
    • Stem tuber
    • High in carbs and low in fat
    • Nigeria, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana
    • Has to be cooked first (boil then pound)
    • Easy storage
  8. Oil Palm
    • 30% of world editable oil
    • Used for cooking/ frying
    • Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria
  9. Coffee
    • Key cash crop, very valuable
    • Hand harvested, remove pulp, ferment, wash, dry, and roast
    • Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia
  10. Fair trade coffee
    • • Fair labor conditions including freedom of
    • association, safe conditions, and fair wages.
    • • Direct trade with producer group
    • cooperatives.
    • • Democratic organizations where farmers can
    • decide how to invest revenues.
    • • Community development in projects including
    • education and healthcare.
  11. Coffee History
    • Started in East africa
    • 1000 BC
    • Mid east 1400
    • Europe 1600
    • Starbucks 1971

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