chapter 6.txt

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Johnemt
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207724
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chapter 6.txt
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2013-03-17 01:08:28
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chapter medical term
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chapter 6 medical term
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  1. ankyl/o
    crooked or stiff
  2. arthro, articulo
    joint
  3. brachio
    arm
  4. cervico
    neck
  5. chondro
    cartilage
  6. cost/o
    rib
  7. crani/o
    skull
  8. dactyl/o
    digit (finger or toe)
  9. fasci/o
    fascia
  10. femor/o
    femur
  11. fibr/o
    fiber
  12. kyph/o
    humpback
  13. lei/o
    smooth
  14. lord/o
    bent
  15. lumb/o
    loin (lower back)
  16. myel/o
    • bone marrow
    • spinal chord
  17. my/o, myos/o, muscul/o
    muscle
  18. oste/o
    bone
  19. patell/o
    knee cap
  20. radi/o
    radius
  21. rhabd/o
    rod shaped or striated
  22. sarc/o
    flesh
  23. scoli/o
    twisted
  24. spondyl/o, vertebr/o
    vertebr/o
  25. stern/o
    sternum
  26. ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o
    tendon
  27. thorac/o
    chest
  28. ton/o
    tone or tension
  29. uln/o
    ulna
  30. long bones
    arms and legs
  31. short bones
    wrist and ankles
  32. flat bones
    • ribs
    • shoulder blades
    • pelvis,
    • skull
  33. irregular bones
    • bones of the vertebrae
    • and face
  34. sesamoid bones
    round bones found near joints
  35. epiphysis
    wide ends of a long bone
  36. diaphysis
    shaft of a long bone
  37. metaphysis
    growth zone between ends and shafts of the bown
  38. endosteum
    membrane lining the blood part of the bone
  39. medullary cavity
    bloody part of the middle of the bown
  40. periosteum
    a fibrous membrane that covers the bone
  41. articular cartilage
    cartilage of the joints
  42. articulation
    a joint
  43. bursa
    • a sac between tendons and bones
    • synovial fluid sacs
  44. ligament
    connects bone to bone
  45. synovial membrane
    membrane lining the capsule of a joint
  46. synovial fluid
    lubricating fluids of the joint
  47. arthralgia
    joint paint
  48. atrophy
    shrinking of tissue
  49. exostosis
    projection arising from a bone from cartilage
  50. flaccid
    • defected or absent muscle tone
    • not flexing
  51. hypotonia
    reduced muscle tone or tension
  52. myalgia, myodynia
    muscle pain
  53. ostealgia, osteodynia
    bone pain
  54. spasm, spastic
    uncontrolled spasms
  55. tetany
    • tension
    • prolonged muscle contractions
  56. ankylosis
    stiff joint condition
  57. rheumatoid arthritis(RA)
    chronic form of arthritis
  58. gouty arthritis
    acute attacks of arthritis
  59. chondromalacia
    softening of cartilage
  60. myeloma
    bone marrow tumor
  61. myositis
    inflammation of muscle
  62. myoma
    muscle tumor
  63. leiomyoma
    smooth muscle tumor
  64. leiomyosarcoma
    malignant smooth muscle tumor
  65. rhabdomyoma
    skeletal muscle tumor
  66. rhabdomyosarcoma
    malignant skeletal muscle tumor
  67. osteoma
    bone tumor
  68. osteosarcoma
    type of malignant bone tu mor
  69. osteomyelitis
    infection of bone and bone marrow causing inflamation
  70. spondylolisthesis
    foreward slipping of the lumbar vertebra
  71. spondylosis
    stiff immoble vertebrae
  72. subluxation
    partial dislocation
  73. tendinitis
    inflammation of a tendon
  74. arthrocentesis
    puncure for aspiration of a joint
  75. arthrodesis
    binding or fusing of joint surfaces
  76. arthroplasty
    repair or recunstrucion of a joint
  77. arthroscopy
    to repair a joint from within
  78. spondyslosyndesis
    spinal fusion
  79. tenotomy
    division by incision of a tendon
  80. prothesis
    artificial replacement for hip,joint, or limb
  81. orthosis
    use of an orthopedic appliance to maintain a bone's position

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