nutrition ch. 4 terms.txt

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jlue93
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207731
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nutrition ch. 4 terms.txt
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2013-03-17 03:07:24
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  1. Which of the following animal-derived foods contains significant amounts of carbohydrates?
    Milk
  2. Complex carbohydrates:
    are long chains of sugar units arranged to form starch or fiber
  3. Which monosaccharide is responsible for the sweet taste of fruit?
    fructose
  4. When fructose and glucose are bonded together they form:
    table sugar
  5. Which of the following is the most-used monosaccharide inside the body?
    glucose
  6. The disaccharides include:
    sucrose, maltose, and lactose
  7. Current dietary guidelines for the United States recommend:
    increased consumption of fiber-rich, whole food grain of carbohydrate.
  8. Digestion of most starch begins in the:
    mouth
  9. According to the Dietary Reference Intakes, people should obtain about ____ percent of their daily energy from carbohydrates.
    45-65
  10. Which of the following contains the least amount of fiber?
    White Rice
  11. All of the following are properties of fiber except
    it elevates blood glucose levels
  12. What fraction of the body's total glycogen content is found in the liver?
    1/3
  13. What is the primary function of insulin?
    Lowers blood glucose levels
  14. When blood glucose concentration falls, what pancreatic hormone is secreted to stimulate release of stored glucose?
    Glucagon
  15. A person diagnosed with milk allergy would be sensitive to the milk's
    protein
  16. All of the following are sources of dietary carbohydrates except
    fish
  17. is it possible to have too much fiber in your diet?
    Yes, because some fibers bind with minerals and carry them out of the body
  18. Lactose intolerance can cause nutritional complications because:
    inadequate calcium intake from avoiding dairy products can affect bone development.
  19. Which of the following helps prevent type 2 diabetes?
    weight control, exercise, and a healthy lifestyle
  20. What sugars are bad for you?
    All sugars are bad for you.

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