Psychology of Grief Exam 1

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Psychology of Grief Exam 1
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2013-03-17 20:24:16
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Psychology of Grief Exam 1
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  1. the scientific study of human behavior and mental processes.
    Psychology
  2. the study of human psychology as it relates to funeral service
    Psychology of funeral service
  3. an emotion or set of emotions due to loss
    Grief
  4. the act or event of separation or loss that results in the experience of grief.
    Bereavement
  5. an adjustment process which involves grief or sorrow over a period of time and helps in the reorganization of the life of an individual
    following a loss or death or someone beloved.
    Mourning
  6. a set of symptoms associated with loss.
    Grief syndrome (Lindermann)
  7. a process occurring with losses aimed at loosening the attachment to that which has been lost for appropriate reinvestment.
    Griefwork (Lindemann)
  8. the defense mechanism by which a person is unable or refuses to see things as they are because such facts are threatening to the self.
    Denial
  9. is blame directed towards another person.
    Anger
  10. depression to the disruptions caused by a disease.
    Reactive Depression
  11. related to the awareness that one must prepare for death.
    Prepatory Depression
  12. helping people facilitate uncomplicated grief to a healthy completion of the tasks of grieving within a reasonable time frame.
    Grief counseling
  13. specialized techniques which are used to help people with complicated grief reactions.
    Grief therapy (Worden)
  14. “We serve people at a time when they need comfort, counsel, and direction. The more we know about people in grief, the better we can serve them. The more we understand the reactions of these people to their experiences,
    the better we can assist them through their period of bereavement and help solve problems arising from death of someone in their circle.” (Psychology of Funeral Service – Edward A. Martin page 8).
    Purpose for funeral service psychology and counseling
  15. “There is nothing more important to the funeral director than a well-grounded understanding of the grieving process. You can never know enough. You need to know about grief because that is where your families are. Every family you sit with in the arrangement conference room is in grief.”
    Purpose for funeral service psychology and counseling
  16. Three Stages of The Helping Matrix
    • 1. Exploration Stage
    • 2. Insight Stage
    • 3. Action Stage:
  17. Phases of The Helping Matrix
    Phase 1: The client and funeral director enter into a helping relationship

    Phase 2: The building of a helping relationship 

    Phase 3: Exploration and assistance in helping the family understand their alternatives

    Phase 4: Consolidation and planning

    Phase 5: Implementation and action

    Phase 6: Conclusion of the funeral process

    Phase 7: Post funeral follow-up
  18. Usually done when the family contacts the funeral home
    Phase 1: The client and funeral director enter into a helping relationship

    The Helping Matrix
  19. The relationship moves from basic to helping as rapport develops.  This cannot occur unless the family perceives the funeral director as empathetic, warm, respectful, and genuine
    Phase 2: The building of a helping relationship

    The Helping Matrix
  20. Via active listening and skillful questioning, the FD gathers  information about the deceased, and the family’s needs, wishes, and feelings and explains the options to them.
    Phase 3: Exploration and assistance in helping the family understand their alternatives

    The Helping Matrix
  21. After explaining and clarifying all options, the FD assist the family in planning a funeral that meets their needs.
    Phase 4: Consolidation and planning

    The Helping Matrix
  22. The FD implements the plan desired by the family, whether the plan calls for a direct disposition or a funeral that involves visitation, viewing, and a committal service.
    Phase 5: Implementation and action

    The Helping Matrix
  23. Wolfelt suggest that the funeral director assist the family with a sense of closure such as joining with them in the fellowship the often occurs
    after the funeral.
    Phase 6: Conclusion of the funeral process

    The Helping Matrix
  24. Aftercare
    Phase 7: Post funeral follow-up

    The Helping Matrix
  25. What are the needs of the bereaved, how does a funeral (purpose) meet these needs?
    • 1. Confirm the Reality
    • 2. Express their emotions
    • 3. Modify Emotional Ties with the deceased
    • 4. Memorialize the Person’s Life
    • 5. Recognize and complete unfinished business
    • 6. Receive Emotional Support
    • 7. Be Assured Feelings are Normal
    • 8. Be accepted for where they are in the grief process.
    • 9. Establish stability and security
    • 10. Provide a basis for building new interpersonal relationships
  26. What are the four specific things that a funeral provides everyone.
    • 1. It provides acting-out ceremonies that give expression to feelings too deep to be put into words.
    • 2. It provides the framework for group support
    • 3. It encourages the expression of feelings
    • 4. The funeral provides values to live by
  27. What theory is Bowlby associated?
    1969 – “Theory of Attachment”
  28. “Theory of Attachment” – Know in Order
    • a) Humans have an instinctive need to form strong attachments to others.
    • b) Attachments come from a need for security and safety.
    • c) Situations that endanger the bond of attachment give rise to emotional reactions.
    • d) The greater the potential loss, the more intense the reaction.
  29. What concept is Lindemann associated?
    • a) “Grief Syndrome”
    • b) Grief Work
    • c) somatic distress
  30. What work is Lindemann associated?
    1944 – Symptomatology and Management of Acute Grief.
  31. What event is Lindemann associated?
    1943 Coconut Grove fire in Boston, Massachusetts.
  32. What are the five symptoms of Grief Syndrome?
    a) Somatic or bodily distress

    b) Preoccupation with the image of the deceased

    c) Guilt relating to the deceased and the circumstances of the death

    d) Hostile reactions

    • e) The inability to function as one had before
    • the death
  33. What are the three aspects of Griefwork?
    a) Emancipation from bondage to the deceased

    b) Readjustment to the environment in which the deceased is missing

    c) Formation of new relationships
  34. What theory is Kubler-Ross associated?
    Stages of Death and Dying
  35. What are the five stages of "Death and Dying"?
    • 1. Denial
    • 2. Anger
    • 3. Bargaining
    • 4. Depression
    • 5. ACCEPTANCE
  36. What work/theory is Wordon associated?
    Grief Counseling and Grief Therapy
  37. “Tasks or (Acts) of Mourning”
  38. What are the for task/acts of mourning? (Know these in order). Be able to recognize these in rote and application format.
    1. To Accept the reality of the loss
  39. 2. To experience the pain of grief and to express emotions associated with it.
  40. 3. To adjust to the environment in which the deceased is missing.
  41. 4. To withdraw emotional energy and reinvest it in another relationship.
  42. What work is Freud associated?
    “Mourning and Melancholia”
  43. What are the three aspects of his theory?
    a) A major task of grieving is to withdraw the libido (energy of love and pleasure) that was invested in the deceased.
  44. b) This causes such symptoms as dejection, loss of interest in the outside world, loss of capacity to love and self-reproach.
  45. c) Mourning is the work of letting go of these libidinal bonds.
  46. What theory is Parks associated?
    “Attachment Theory”
  47. Know the four phases of Parke's attachment theory in order.
    1. Phase of numbing -- that usually last from a few hours to a week and may be interrupted by outbursts of extremely intense distress and/or anger.
  48. 2. Phase of yearning and searching for the lost figure, lasting some months and sometimes years.
  49. 3. Phase of Disorganization and despair
  50. 4. Phase of greater or lesser degree of
    reorganization.

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