china knowledge bowl

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china knowledge bowl
2013-03-17 19:56:37
china knowledge bowl

chinese knowledge bowl questions
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  1. In
    addition to using cymbals in action scenes, what musical instrument is usually
    used to accompany performances of Beijing Opera?
    • Orchestra band (peaceful and
    • percussion band).
  2. In Beijing Opera, what type of character does a performer who has a
    prominent white patch on the nose depict?
    A clown. White face symbolizes a sinister;s role of treachery and guile, a green face describes surly stubbornness, impetuosity and lack of self restraint
  3. Of
    the various face colors used to portray different types of characters in Beijing
    Opera, which is used to depict a character who is loyal and brave?
    • A red face usually depicts the role's
    • bravery, uprightness, and loyalty.
  4. In Beijing
    Opera, which face color is used to depict a character who is
    a powerful villain?
  5. What
    information is normally provided by the colophons or inscriptions written, often
    in poetic form, on many Chinese hanging scrolls, particularly on those by the
    most famous artists?
    • Colophons provide important information about the history of
    • the artwork and how it and the artist were regarded. These writings could be by
    • the artist, the recipient, or later admirers of the work.
  6. The century and a half of the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1126) is often equated
    culturally with which period in European history?
    The Renaissance
  7. Which characteristic of Medieval European painting is not typical of Song Dynasty
    (960 – 1279) landscape painting in China?
    Concentration of religious themes
  8. What information is provided in the seal impressions that are often found in red ink
    of Chinese painted scrolls?
    • The names of the painter and the collectors, as well as the office
    • that commissioned the work.
  9. Why did paintings in black ink, instead of color, dominate the Chinese painting
    tradition for many centuries?
    Color was thought to appeal to the senses rather than the mind.
  10. Why is Li Bai, a famous poet of the Tang Dynasty, often referred to as a “romantic
    His language was colorfully exaggerated and imaginative.
  11. What qualities of rocks do Chinese gardeners normally use to represent miniature mountains and objects
    of contemplation?
    Highly irregular, eroded surfaces.
  12. In Chinese calligraphy, four tools are collectively called the Four Treasures of
    the Study. What are the four tools?
    Writing brush, paper, ink stone, and ink plate.
  13. The Terracotta Army or the “Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses”, is a collection of
    terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor
    of China. In what city were they found?
  14. Who was the director of the internationally acclaimed films Hero, House
    of Flying Daggers, Raise the Red Lantern, and To Live?
    Zhang Yimou
  15. Who is the first Asian film director to win the Academy Award for Best Picture and Best Director?
    Ang Lee (李安)
  16. What do most Chinese do on Chinese New Year’s Eve?
    Get together with families for that year’s last dinner and stay up past midnight.
  17. What do most Chinese do on Chinese New Year’s Day?
    Wish relatives and close friends a prosperous year.
  18. Chinese New Year lasts 15 days. What is the last day of Chinese New Year called?
    Lantern Festival (元宵節) that occurs on January 15 of the lunar calendar.
  19. May 5 of the lunar calendar is an important Chinese festival. What is the festival
    Duanwu Festival (端午節), otherwise known as the Dragon Boat Festival
  20. Where did the name “china”, as in plates, spoons, dishes, cups, and bowls, come from?
    Changnan (昌南).

    • Note:
    • The old name of
    • Jingdezheng is Changnan (昌南), which sounds like “China”. Jingdezheng is one of
    • the most famous places for their porcelain in China. In the 18th
    • century when European visited Jingdezheng in Jiangxi province, they were
    • astonished by how exquisite the porcelains were. Back then Jingdezheng was also
    • called Changnan. Thereafter European started calling porcelain “china”.
  21. Some people say that Chinese painting and Chinese calligraphy have the same source.
    • Because Chinese words/characters have strokes that need to be placed properly in order
    • to be well presented. Namely, they look like paintings
  22. Where is the official Chinese imperial art collection housed?
    Taipei, Taiwan. 

    • Note:
    • The collection is housed in the National Palace Museum (國立故宫博物院), and was taken to Taipei by Chiang Kai-shek between
    • 1933 and 1949. The National Palace Museum and Palace Museum, located inside the Forbidden City in China, share the same original roots, which were
    • split in two as a result of the Chinese Civil War.
  23. In what year did McDonald’s open its first drive through in China?
  24. What are some of China’s main exports and imports?
    • Imports: electrical machinery and equipment,
    • crude oil, plastics, vehicles, and cooper.

    • Exports: electrical machinery and equipment, apparel,
    • furniture, iron, and steel.
  25. This search engine is the most popular one in China. It is used so widely that some people refer it as Google of China. What is this search engine called?
  26. What country produces the most artificial Christmas trees and toys?
    • China
    • About 85% of Christmas Trees and 80% of toys are made in China
  27. _______________ is the name of Chinese currency, and the
    measurement words for money are _________ for dollar, ________
    for 10 cents, _________ for cent.
    Renminbi, yuan/kuai, jiao/mao, fen
  28. On March 8, 2011, Boeing sealed a deal with two airlines in China. How much is the deal worth?
    US $10 BILLION
  29. The current US dollar and
    Chinese RMB exchange rate is approximately one U.S. dollar to?
    6.3 RMB
  30. What was the first foreign franchiser in the food and beverage industry in China?
    KFC in 1987 in Beijing
  31. What are some of the major U.S. franchisers in China?
    • Catering
    • sector: KFC, McDonald’s, Pizza Hut, T.G.I. Friday’s, Subway, Haagen Dazs,
    • Starbucks Coffee. Retailing sector: Wal-Mart, 7-Eleven. Real estate brokerage:
    • Century 21. Printing services: Kinko’s
  32. How is Starbucks Coffee doing in the Greater China market?
    • Starbucks Coffee International (SCI) entered the Greater China market in 1998 with the
    • opening of its first store in Taipei, Taiwan. The first Starbucks store located
    • in mainland China was opened in Beijing in January 1999. As of the end of Q4
    • fiscal year 2010, there are more than 750 Starbucks locations throughout
    • Greater China, a region including the People’s Republic of China, Hong Kong,
    • Macau, and Taiwan.
  33. Costco in China?
  34. In November 2009, China approved a Disney Theme Park to be built in what city?
    • Shanghai
    • One of the most expensive foreign investments
  35. Among the five special economic zones in China: Shenzhen,
    Xiamen, Shantou, Zhuhai,
    and Hanan Province. Which ones are located in Guangdong Province?
    Shenhzen, Shantou, Zhuhai.
  36. Where in Shanghai can you see an
    area of reconstituted traditional shikumen ("stone
    gate") houses on narrow alleys, some adjoining houses that now serve as
    bookstores, cafes and restaurants, and shopping malls?
  37. Shanghai Tower is a huge skyscraper
    that is currently
    being built in China’s biggest city. When completed
    in 2014, Shanghai Tower will be the largest skyscraper in China and the second
    largest building in the world. The tallest building, the Burj Dubai, was opened
    in 2009. The new Chinese skyscraper will be 121 stories
    tall and will rise over 600 meters into the sky. Where is China going to build the world’s tallest
    Changsha, Hunan Province.
  38. Giant is recognized as the
    world’s largest bicycle manufacturer founded in Taiwan that continues its mission to inspire passion for
    cycling by creating the most innovative, highest quality bikes and gear. Giant has manufacturing facilities in Taiwan, Netherlands, and China. How long has Giant been established?
    40 YEARS
  39. What are three types of enterprises in China?
    • 外商独资Wholly Foreign-owned
    • Enterprise, 中外合资sino-foreign equity joint
    • venture,  中外合作sino-foreign cooperative joint venture.
  40. What was Shenzhen before the transformation in the 1970s?
    A fish village
  41. The world famous brand, Haier, is also China’s No.1 domestic brand and a Chinese multinational consumer electronics and
    home appliances company. Its products include air conditioners,
    mobile phones, computers, microwave ovens, washing machines,
    refrigerators, and televisions.
    Where Haier’s headquarter located in China?
    Qingdao, Shandong Province
  42. Which is bigger China Unicom Telecom or Mobile
    China Mobile
  43. On April 1, 2012, Starbucks announced that China would be its second largest market, outside of the United States, by 2014.  Where and when was the first Starbucks opened in China?
    At the Beijing World Trade Centre in 1999.
  44. Before entering China, Starbucks was first opened in Taipei, Taiwan, in March 1998
    under the company name Uni-President Starbucks统一星巴克.
    What type of enterprise Starbucks is in China?
    Sino-Foreign equity joint venture中外合资. Its full name is Shanghai Uni-President Starbucks上海统一星巴克.
  45. KFC is a Wholly Foreign-owned Enterprise that is hugely popular in China and outperforms McDonald or Pizza Hut. As an example of
    global brand going localization, KFC in China has suited its menu to Chinese
    tastes and style of eating. What are some examples?
    Egg tart with different flavors, rice, and porridge
  46. Which flavor of Starbucks Frappuccino ® was developed and introduced in Taiwan to surprise and delight customers there with
    a twist on the popular and familiar
    “red bean matcha” beverage in
    2002 that has later been
    brought back to the United States?
    Green Tea Frappuccino
  47. In Jan. 2012, Dunkin’ Donuts opened
    its 10,000th global store
    in China. Dunkin’
    Brands competes with McDonald’s, Starbucks, Krispy Kreme, Dairy Queen and Cold Stone Creamery to
    name a few,
    what kind of new product DD are presented in China?
    • Dried Pork Floss/
    • Pork and Seaweed Donut
  48. Lenovo
    is the world's second-largest PC vendor by 2011 market share (after
    Hewlett-Packard) and markets the ThinkPad line of notebook computers. What is Lenovo’s Chinese name?
    联想 (Lianxiang)
  49. Acer, is a world-renowned Taiwanese computer hardware and electronics firm. Where is it headquartered in and what does it manufacture?
    • Taipei, Taiwan, it manufactures laptops,
    • desktops, motherboards, tablet PCs, monitors, video cards and mobile phones.
  50. What is the equivalent of Facebook in China?
    Renren wan人人网
  51. When did Cold Stone first enter China? And what’s its Chinese name?
    2006, 酷圣石 Kù shèng shí
  52. What is Krispy Kreme’s Chinese name?
    卡卡圈坊 (Ka Ka Quan Fang)
  53. What is the equivalent of E-Bay in China?
    Taobao wan 淘宝网
  54. What is the equivalent of Youtube in China ?
    Youku wan 优酷网
  55. Before Amazon China changed its name on October 27, 2011, what was it called?
    卓越亚马逊 (Joyo Amazon)
  56. Din Tai Fung is an award-winning
    restaurant originating in Taiwan, specializing in xiǎolóngbāo (small steamed
    buns). Outside its native Taiwan, Din Tai Fung also has branches in
    Australia, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, South
    Korea, the United States (California and Washington)
    and Thailand. Luckily, here in Seattle, Bellevue has one branch!
    What does each character mean?
    鼎 (Din) , a type of cooking cauldron; 泰 (Tai), peaceful; and 豐 (Fung), abundant.
  57. What is still the most popular religion in China since its introduction in the 1st century?
  58. What are the traditional thought systems native to China?
    Confucianism and Daoism
  59. “Yu” is the Chinese word for jade. Why do Asians love wearing jade?
    • It signifies the integrity of the wearer and also
    • protects the wearer.
  60. Why do Chinese brides wear red on their wedding day?
    To symbolize good luck and scare off evil spirit.
  61. What are some good analogies for the concept of “Yin” and “Yang” in Chinese philosophy?
    The coming together of the opposite, masculine and feminine, day and night, etc.
  62. According to the Chinese Zodiac, last year (2011) was the year of the rabbit.  What
    is this year’s Zodiac animal?
    2012 Dragon, 2013 SNAKE
  63. When, where and by whom was the fortune cookie invented?
    • The origins of the fortune cookie as we know it today were laid down by the Chinese
    • 49'ers who worked on the building of the great American railways through the Sierra
    • Nevada into California. Work was very hard and pleasures were few in isolated
    • camps. Those hard workers had only biscuits with happy messages inside to
    • exchange at the Moon Festival instead of traditional cakes with happy messages,
    • and thus the fortune cookie was born. This became something of a cottage
    • industry and as the Chinese settled in San Francisco after the railway and the
    • Gold boom, the custom continued. Nowadays, it is common to finish a Chinese
    • meal in America and Canada with a fortune cookie.
  64. Which ancient Chinese philosophy stresses the complementary nature of male and female
    roles in the natural order?
  65. Kongfuzi, also known as Confucius, was a great Chinese thinker and educator who lived
    nearly 3000 years ago. What values did he promote?
    • Importance of education and self cultivation in morality,
    • such as the classical Wuchang (五常) consisting of five elements: Humanity, Righteousness, Ritual, Knowledge,
    • and Integrity.
  66. When is the Dragon Boat Festival?
    5th day of the 5th lunar month
  67. What is the main festival food, wrapped in bamboo leaves, which people eat during
    the Dragon Boat Festival?
    • Zongzi
    • (steamed sweet rice with meats and/or vegetables)
  68. What are the 12 animals in the Chinese Zodiac?
    • Rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, ram, monkey, rooster, dog,
    • boar
  69. In China, what creatures are often used to symbolize longevity?
    Turtle and crane
  70. From what main sources are traditional Chinese medicinal remedies derived?
  71. According to Chinese folk belief, why is it considered bad luck to cut up long
    • Cutting up long noodles is like cutting life short since noodles are usually served on
    • birthdays and long noodles symbolize longevity.
  72. In traditional Chinese culture, what
    does a bat symbolize?
    Good fortune
  73. At dinner tables, what do the Chinese view as a very inauspicious sign?
    Sticking chopsticks straight up on a bowl of rice.
  74. Why did yellow become known in China as the imperial color?
    • Yellow is the color of earth (the most important of the five elements of wood, fire, earth, metal and water) because it represents
    • the center. Yellow also signifies the emperor’s power over the earth, his
    • dignity and ritual. It was stipulated in the Ming and Qing Dynasties that
    • yellow glazed-tiles, an architectural feature that first appeared in Song
    • Dynasty (960 – 1279) imperial palaces, were the exclusive reserve of emperors.
    • The Tang emperors (618 – 907) continued the preceding Sui Dynasty (581 – 618)
    • practice of dressing in robes made from a special “imperial” tint of yellow
    • silk. Yellow was thus an almost sacred shade that symbolized imperial power.
    • Any other person – from official to commoner – that dared to wear yellow or
    • decorate his home in it risked execution.
  75. What viewpoint about our bodies does traditional Chinese medicine take in diagnosing and treating illnesses?
    • That the human body is but one element in the universe
    • and it needs to be in harmony with all other elements to be healthy. When a
    • person is ill, the elements are not aligned well. The medicine men diagnosed
    • exactly which elements were out of alignment and prescribed the treatment that
    • would bring them back into balance.
  76. What is the alternate name of the Mid-Autumn Festival held on the 15th day of the
    8th month of the Chinese lunar calendar?
    Moon Festival
  77. Why does the Chinese New Year fall on different dates in different years?
    Because it is based on mon cycles. First new moon of each lunar year
  78. What is the primary reason that, unlike their
    contemporaries in Greece and Rome, the ancient Chinese left no great buildings?
    • Ancient Chinese buildings were constructed of wood. Some wood buildings did not last
    • long, and others were destroyed by succeeding conquerors that would burn them to
    • erase traces of past glories.
  79. What assumption was shared by all the
    early major philosophical schools in China and distinguished them from the Judeo-Christian tradition?
    • The early Chinese philosophical schools were not religions but were composites of folk beliefs and a reverence for the great and
    • for ancestors.
  80. TRUE or FALSE: In the Chinese imperial system, there was no
    clear distinction between the emperor’s religious and political functions
    • TRUE. He was chief priest as well as head of government, and performed those roles without
    • discrimination.
  81. How do many Chinese determine what numbers are lucky or unlucky?
    Mostly by the sound of it and the association of the sound to meanings.
  82. What is the most common method used by the Chinese to prepare and administer
    traditional herbal medicines?
    Boil herbs, strain, then drink broth.
  83. What pursuit of China’s medieval alchemists led to an advanced understanding of
    herbal medicines in China?
    The search for an elixir of life.
  84. How do you think
    Chinese viewed
    the late 19th century custom in
    aristocratic French families of a departing daughter-in-law bidding goodbye to her
    father-in-law and brother-in-law by kissing their cheeks?
    As quite indecent.
  85. In the official histories of individual dynasties, how have the majority of the last rulers of each dynasty
    been viewed?
    As Evil
  86. In traditional Chinese thought, the principal role of the emperor was to balance
    and coordinate what three distinct but interrelated realms?
    Heaven, earth, people.
  87. If a silkworm’s cocoon is carefully unraveled, how long is the typical single
    strand of silk?
    1 Kilometer
  88. What number in China symbolizes eternity?
  89. According to the custom followed by most Chinese, when is the appropriate time to open a gift received from a guest?
    After the guest departs
  90. What early Chinese school of thought promoted the concept of “the unity of
    opposites” whereby, for example, morality and immorality, light and dark, big
    and small, are complementary opposites, meaning one cannot exist without the other?
  91. What were the so-called “two handles,” which the Legalist school of thought proposed that the
    ruler exercise, while the Confucian code demanded
    “right conduct and governance by good example” on the part of the ruler?
    Rewards and punishments.
  92. Whicharea of education has been a responsibility
    assumed by China’s rulers from the time of Han Dynasty, 202 BCE – 220 CE, to today?