cny final.txt

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cny final.txt
2013-03-17 20:26:18
china knowledge bowl

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  1. In addition to using cymbals in action scenes, what musical instrument is usually used to accompany performances of Beijing Opera?
    Orchestra band and percussion band. Note: The former frequently accompanies peaceful scenes while the latter often follows scenes of war and fighting. The commonly used percussion instruments include castanets, drums, bells and cymbals. The orchestral instruments are mainly composed of the Erhu, the Huqin, the Yueqin, the Sheng (reed pipe), the Pipa (lute) and other instruments.
  2. In Beijing Opera, what type of character does a performer who has a prominent white patch on the nose depict?
    A clown Note: a white face symbolizes a sinister role's treachery and guile; a green face describes surly stubbornness, impetuosity and lack of self-restraint.
  3. Of the various face colors used to portray different types of characters in Beijing Opera, which is used to depict a character who is loyal and brave?
    A red face usually depicts the role's bravery, uprightness, and loyalty.
  4. In Beijing Opera, which face color is used to depict a character who is a powerful villain?
  5. What information is normally provided by the colophons or inscriptions written, often in poetic form, on many Chinese hanging scrolls, particularly on those by the most famous artists?
    Colophons provide important information about the history of the artwork and how it and the artist were regarded. These writings could be by the artist, the recipient, or later admirers of the work.
  6. The century and a half of the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1126) is often equated culturally with which period in European history?
    The Renaissance.
  7. Which characteristic of Medieval European painting is not typical of Song Dynasty (960 – 1279) landscape painting in China?
    Concentration of religious themes
  8. What information is provided in the seal impressions that are often found in red ink of Chinese painted scrolls?
    The names of the painter and the collectors, as well as the office that commissioned the work.
  9. Why did paintings in black ink, instead of color, dominate the Chinese painting tradition for many centuries?
    Color was thought to appeal to the senses rather than the mind.
  10. Why is Li Bai, a famous poet of the Tang Dynasty, often referred to as a “romantic poet”?
    • His language was colorfully exaggerated and imaginative.
    • What qualities of rocks do Chinese gardeners normally use to represent miniature mountains and objects of contemplation?
    • Highly irregular, eroded surfaces.
  11. In Chinese calligraphy, four tools are collectively called the Four Treasures of the Study. What are the four tools?
    Writing brush, paper, ink stone, and ink plate.
  12. The Terracotta Army or the “Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses”, is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. In what city were they found?
  13. Who was the director of the internationally acclaimed films Hero, House of Flying Daggers, Raise the Red Lantern, and To Live?
    Zhang Yimou
  14. Who is the first Asian film director to win the Academy Award for Best Picture and Best Director?
    Ang Lee (李安)
  15. What do most Chinese do on Chinese New Year’s Eve?
    Get together with families for that year’s last dinner and stay up past midnight.
  16. What do most Chinese do on Chinese New Year’s Day?
    Wish relatives and close friends a prosperous year.
  17. Chinese New Year lasts 15 days. What is the last day of Chinese New Year called?
    Lantern Festival (元宵節) that occurs on January 15 of the lunar calendar.
  18. May 5 of the lunar calendar is an important Chinese festival. What is the festival called?
    Duanwu Festival (端午節), otherwise known as the Dragon Boat Festival
  19. Where did the name “china”, as in plates, spoons, dishes, cups, and bowls, come from?
    Changnan (昌南). Note: The old name of Jingdezheng is Changnan (昌南), which sounds like “China”. Jingdezheng is one of the most famous places for their porcelain in China. In the 18th century when European visited Jingdezheng in Jiangxi province, they were astonished by how exquisite the porcelains were. Back then Jingdezheng was also called Changnan. Thereafter European started calling porcelain “china”.
  20. Some people say that Chinese painting and Chinese calligraphy have the same source. Why?
    Because Chinese words/characters have strokes that need to be placed properly in order to be well presented. Namely, they look like paintings.
  21. Where is the official Chinese imperial art collection housed?
    Taipei, Taiwan. Note: The collection is housed in the National Palace Museum (國立故宫博物院), and was taken to Taipei by Chiang Kai-shek between 1933 and 1949. The National Palace Museum and Palace Museum, located inside the Forbidden City in China, share the same original roots, which were split in two as a result of the Chinese Civil War.
  22. In what year did McDonald’s open its first drive-through in China?
  23. What are some of China’s main exports and imports?
  24. Imports: electrical machinery and equipment, crude oil, plastics, vehicles, and cooper.
    Exports: electrical machinery and equipment, apparel, furniture, iron, and steel.
  25. This search engine is the most popular one in China. It is used so widely that some people refer it as Google of China. What is this search engine called?
  26. What country produces the most artificial Christmas trees and toys?
    China. Note: About 85% of Christmas trees and 80% of toys are made in China.
  27. _______________ is the name of Chinese currency, and the measurement words for money are _________ for dollar, ________ for 10 cents, _________ for cent. Renminbi, yuan/kuai, jiao/mao, fen
  28. On March 8, 2011, Boeing sealed a deal with two airlines in China. How much is the deal worth?
    US$10 billion
  29. The current US dollar and Chinese RMB exchange rate is approximately one U.S. dollar to?
    6.3 RMB
  30. What was the first foreign franchiser in the food and beverage industry in China?
    Kentucky Fried Chicken. Note: In 1987, KFC’s first Chinese outlet was opened in Beijing, the capital city of China. Though China has the most franchise systems in the world, the scale of their operations is relatively small. Each system in China has an average of 43 outlets, compared to more than 540 in the United States. There is a great deal of potential for further growth, but now the franchising business only accounts for 3% of China’s total retail sales, starkly behind the 30% in the United States. Although not big in scale, the franchise sector has witnessed rocketing success in China. Its sales growth hit 40% on average in the last several years, far more than the 10% annual growth of national consumer goods in the U.S.
  31. What are some of the major U.S. franchisers in China?
    Catering sector: KFC, McDonald’s, Pizza Hut, T.G.I. Friday’s, Subway, Haagen Dazs, Starbucks Coffee. Retailing sector: Wal-Mart, 7-Eleven. Real estate brokerage: Century 21. Printing services: Kinko’s
  32. How is Starbucks Coffee doing in the Greater China market?
    Starbucks Coffee International (SCI) entered the Greater China market in 1998 with the opening of its first store in Taipei, Taiwan. The first Starbucks store located in mainland China was opened in Beijing in January 1999. As of the end of Q4 fiscal year 2010, there are more than 750 Starbucks locations throughout Greater China, a region including the People’s Republic of China, Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan.
  33. Does Costco have stores in China?
    No. Note: Although Costco has grown tremendously since its beginning as a single store opening in Seattle in 1983, and now operates over 450 stores in the United State, Canada, Great Britain, Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea, it has not yet opened a store in China.
  34. Why do Boeing leaders believe the company’s future depends upon the success of the China market?
    In the past nine years, the commercial airline fleet in China has more than doubled to more than 1,300 airplanes. The number of commercial airline passengers soared from 83 million to 202 million during that same period, according to the International Civil Aviation Organization. Between now and 2028, Chinese airlines are expected to purchase 3,770 new airplanes with a market value of $400 billion, according to Boeing's latest Commercial Market Outlook. China has become the largest market outside the U.S. for commercial airplanes.
  35. In November 2009, China approved a Disney Theme Park to be built in what city?
    Shanghai. Note: Analysts estimate the initial park – not including hotels and resort infrastructure – will cost $3.5 billion, making it one of the largest-ever foreign investments in China. The initial resort would be a little bigger than Disneyland in Anaheim, California, and on par with the parks in Paris and Tokyo. It is expected to open in four or five years.
  36. Among the five special economic zones in China: Shenzhen, Xiamen, Shantou, Zhuhai, and Hanan Province. Which ones are located in Guangdong Province?
    Shenhzen, Shantou, Zhuhai.
  37. Where in Shanghai can you see an area of reconstituted traditional shikumen ("stone gate") houses on narrow alleys, some adjoining houses that now serve as bookstores, cafes and restaurants, and shopping malls?
  38. Shanghai Tower is a huge skyscraper that is currently being built in China’s biggest city. When completed in 2014, Shanghai Tower will be the largest skyscraper in China and the second largest building in the world. The tallest building, the Burj Dubai, was opened in 2009. The new Chinese skyscraper will be 121 stories tall and will rise over 600 meters into the sky. Where is China going to build the world’s tallest skyscraper?
    Changsha, Hunan Province.
  39. Giant is recognized as the world’s largest bicycle manufacturer founded in Taiwan that continues its mission to inspire passion for cycling by creating the most innovative, highest quality bikes and gear. Giant has manufacturing facilities in Taiwan, Netherlands, and China. How long has Giant been established?
    40 years
  40. What are three types of enterprises in China?
    外商独资Wholly Foreign-owned Enterprise, 中外合资sino-foreign equity joint venture, 中外合作sino-foreign cooperative joint venture.
  41. What was Shenzhen before the transformation in the 1970s?
    Fish village
  42. The world famous brand, Haier, is also China’s No.1 domestic brand and a Chinese multinational consumer electronics and home appliances company. Its products include air conditioners, mobile phones, computers, microwave ovens, washing machines, refrigerators, and televisions. Where Haier’s headquarter located in China?
    Qingdao, Shandong Province
  43. Which is the largest mobile provider in China: China Unicom, China Telecom, or China Mobile?
    China Mobile
  44. On April 1, 2012, Starbucks announced that China would be its second largest market, outside of the United States, by 2014. Where and when was the first Starbucks opened in China?
    At the Beijing World Trade Centre in 1999.
  45. Before entering China, Starbucks was first opened in Taipei, Taiwan, in March 1998 under the company name Uni-President Starbucks统一星巴克. What type of enterprise Starbucks is in China?
    Sino-Foreign equity joint venture中外合资. Its full name is Shanghai Uni-President Starbucks上海统一星巴克.
  46. KFC is a Wholly Foreign-owned Enterprise that is hugely popular in China and outperforms McDonald or Pizza Hut. As an example of global brand going localization, KFC in China has suited its menu to Chinese tastes and style of eating. What are some examples?
    Egg tart with different flavors, rice, and porridge
  47. Which flavor of Starbucks Frappuccino ® was developed and introduced in Taiwan to surprise and delight customers there with a twist on the popular and familiar “red bean matcha” beverage in 2002 that has later been brought back to the United States?
    Green Tea Frappuccino
  48. In Jan. 2012, Dunkin’ Donuts opened its 10,000th global store in China. Dunkin’ Brands competes with McDonald’s, Starbucks, Krispy Kreme, Dairy Queen and Cold Stone Creamery to name a few, what kind of new product DD are presented in China?
    Dried Pork Floss/ Pork and Seaweed Donut
  49. Lenovo is the world's second-largest PC vendor by 2011 market share (after Hewlett-Packard) and markets the ThinkPad line of notebook computers. What is Lenovo’s Chinese name?
    联想 (Lianxiang)
  50. Acer, is a world-renowned Taiwanese computer hardware and electronics firm. Where is it headquartered in and what does it manufacture?
  51. Taipei, Taiwan, it manufactures laptops, desktops, motherboards, tablet PCs, monitors, video cards and mobile phones.
    • What is the equivalent of Facebook in China?
    • Renren wan人人网
  52. When did Cold Stone first enter China?
    • And what’s its Chinese name?
    • 2006, 酷圣石
  53. What is Krispy Kreme’s Chinese name?
    卡卡圈坊 (Ka Ka Quan Fang)
  54. What is the equivalent of E-Bay in China?
    Taobao wan淘宝网
  55. What is the equivalent of Youtube in China ?
    Youku wan 优酷网
  56. Before Amazon China changed its name on October 27, 2011, what was it called?
    卓越亚马逊 (Joyo Amazon)
  57. Din Tai Fung is an award-winning restaurant originating in Taiwan, specializing in xiǎolóngbāo (small steamed pork buns). Outside its native Taiwan, Din Tai Fung also has branches in Australia, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, the United States (California and Washington) and Thailand. Luckily, here in Seattle, Bellevue has one branch! What does each character mean?
    鼎 (Din) , a type of cooking cauldron; 泰 (Tai), peaceful; and 豐 (Fung), abundant.
  58. What is still the most popular religion in China since its introduction in the 1st century?
  59. What are the traditional thought systems native to China?
    Confucianism and Daoism
  60. “Yu” is the Chinese word for jade. Why do Asians love wearing jade?
    It signifies the integrity of the wearer and also protects the wearer.
  61. Why do Chinese brides wear red on their wedding day?
    To symbolize good luck and scare off evil spirit.
  62. What are some good analogies for the concept of “Yin” and “Yang” in Chinese philosophy?
    The coming together of the opposite, masculine and feminine, day and night, etc.
  63. According to the Chinese Zodiac, last year (2011) was the year of the rabbit. What is this year’s Zodiac animal?
  64. When, where and by whom was the fortune cookie invented?
    The origins of the fortune cookie as we know it today were laid down by the Chinese 49'ers who worked on the building of the great American railways through the Sierra Nevada into California. Work was very hard and pleasures were few in isolated camps. Those hard workers had only biscuits with happy messages inside to exchange at the Moon Festival instead of traditional cakes with happy messages, and thus the fortune cookie was born. This became something of a cottage industry and as the Chinese settled in San Francisco after the railway and the Gold boom, the custom continued. Nowadays, it is common to finish a Chinese meal in America and Canada with a fortune cookie.
  65. Which ancient Chinese philosophy stresses the complementary nature of male and female roles in the natural order?
  66. Kongfuzi, also known as Confucius, was a great Chinese thinker and educator who lived nearly 3000 years ago. What values did he promote?
    Importance of education and self cultivation in morality, such as the classical Wuchang (五常) consisting of five elements: Humanity, Righteousness, Ritual, Knowledge, and Integrity.
  67. When is the Dragon Boat Festival?
    5th day of the 5th lunar month.
  68. What is the main festival food, wrapped in bamboo leaves, which people eat during the Dragon Boat Festival?
    Zongzi (steamed sweet rice with meats and/or vegetables)
  69. What are the 12 animals in the Chinese Zodiac?
    Rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, ram, monkey, rooster, dog, boar
  70. In China, what creatures are often used to symbolize longevity?
    Turtle and crane
  71. From what main sources are traditional Chinese medicinal remedies derived?
  72. According to Chinese folk belief, why is it considered bad luck to cut up long noodles?
    Cutting up long noodles is like cutting life short since noodles are usually served on birthdays and long noodles symbolize longevity.
  73. In traditional Chinese culture, what does a bat symbolize?
    Good fortune
  74. At dinner tables, what do the Chinese view as a very inauspicious sign?
    Sticking chopsticks straight up on a bowl of rice.
  75. Why did yellow become known in China as the imperial color?
    Yellow is the color of earth (the most important of the five elements of wood, fire, earth, metal and water) because it represents the center. Yellow also signifies the emperor’s power over the earth, his dignity and ritual. It was stipulated in the Ming and Qing Dynasties that yellow glazed-tiles, an architectural feature that first appeared in Song Dynasty (960 – 1279) imperial palaces, were the exclusive reserve of emperors. The Tang emperors (618 – 907) continued the preceding Sui Dynasty (581 – 618) practice of dressing in robes made from a special “imperial” tint of yellow silk. Yellow was thus an almost sacred shade that symbolized imperial power. Any other person – from official to commoner – that dared to wear yellow or decorate his home in it risked execution.
  76. What viewpoint about our bodies does traditional Chinese medicine take in diagnosing and treating illnesses?
    • That the human body is but one element in the universe and it needs to be in harmony with all other elements to be healthy. When a person is ill, the elements are not aligned well. The medicine men diagnosed exactly which elements were out of alignment and prescribed the treatment that would bring them back into balance.
    • What is the alternate name of the Mid-Autumn Festival held on the 15th day of the 8th month of the Chinese lunar calendar?
    • Moon Festival
    • 1. Why does the Chinese New Year fall on different dates in different years?
    • Because it is based on the cycle of the moon. Traditionally, Chinese people use the lunar calendar, and Chinese New Year is the first new moon of each lunar year.
    • What is the primary reason that, unlike their contemporaries in Greece and Rome, the ancient Chinese left no great buildings?
    • Ancient Chinese buildings were constructed of wood. Some wood buildings did not last long, and others were destroyed by succeeding conquerors that would burn them to erase traces of past glories.
    • What assumption was shared by all the early major philosophical schools in China and distinguished them from the Judeo-Christian tradition?
    • The early Chinese philosophical schools were not religions but were composites of folk beliefs and a reverence for the great and for ancestors.
    • TRUE or FALSE: In the Chinese imperial system, there was no clear distinction between the emperor’s religious and political functions. TRUE. He was chief priest as well as head of government, and performed those roles without discrimination.
  77. How do many Chinese determine what numbers are lucky or unlucky?
    Mostly by the sound of it and the association of the sound to meanings.
  78. What is the most common method used by the Chinese to prepare and administer traditional herbal medicines?
    • Boil herbs, strain, then drink broth.
    • What pursuit of China’s medieval alchemists led to an advanced understanding of herbal medicines in China?
    • The search for an elixir of life.
    • How do you think Chinese viewed the late 19th century custom in aristocratic French families of a departing daughter-in-law bidding goodbye to her father-in-law and brother-in-law by kissing their cheeks?
    • As quite indecent.
    • In the official histories of individual dynasties, how have the majority of the last rulers of each dynasty been viewed?
    • As evil.
    • In traditional Chinese thought, the principal role of the emperor was to balance and coordinate what three distinct but interrelated realms?
    • Heaven, earth, people.
  79. If a silkworm’s cocoon is carefully unraveled, how long is the typical single strand of silk?
    • One kilometer
    • What number in China symbolizes eternity?
    • 9
  80. According to the custom followed by most Chinese, when is the appropriate time to open a gift received from a guest?
    • After the guest departs.
    • What early Chinese school of thought promoted the concept of “the unity of opposites” whereby, for example, morality and immorality, light and dark, big and small, are complementary opposites, meaning one cannot exist without the other?
    • Daoist
    • What were the so-called “two handles,” which the Legalist school of thought proposed that the ruler exercise, while the Confucian code demanded “right conduct and governance by good example” on the part of the ruler?
    • Rewards and punishments.
    • Which area of education has been a responsibility assumed by China’s rulers from the time of Han Dynasty, 202 BCE – 220 CE, to today?
    • The moral education of the Chinese people.
    • Confucianism’s rationale for organizing society began with what concept?
    • The concept of cosmic order and the hierarchy of superior-inferior relationships.
  81. According to Chinese mythology, how did Pangu (盤古), the creator of the universe and Chinese civilization, come into being?
    He was hatched from an egg.
  82. What are the five elements thought by early Chinese philosophers to be the basic or essential ingredients of nature?
    Metal, Wood, Water, Fire, and Earth
  83. In Chinese mythology, the dragon is associated with which of the five elements?
  84. What are some of the household activities widely practiced during the Chinese lunar New Year?
    Families getting together, payment of all debts, thorough cleaning of the house and household items, distributing “lucky money” to children, firecrackers, and putting up the spring scrolls.
  85. What values did Confucians believe people should acquire for the sake of harmonious family life as well as social and political stability?
    Respect paid to age and authority, loyalty to family members.
  86. What do the Chinese traditionally do on Qing Ming (清明), the festival that falls on April 5 of Gregorian calendar?
    Go outside and enjoy the greenery of the springtime, visit cemeteries to sweep the graves of their departed ancestors, and thoroughly clean the house.
  87. Moon cakes are associated with what Chinese festival?
    Mid-Autumn Festival, the 15th day of the eight lunar month.
  88. Note: There is a folk tale about the overthrow of Mongol rule facilitated by messages smuggled in moon cakes. Moon cakes were used as a medium by the Ming revolutionaries in their espionage efforts to secretly distribute letters to overthrow the Mongolian rulers of China in the Yuan dynasty. The idea is said to have been conceived by Zhu Yuanzhang (朱元璋) and his advisor, Liu Bowen (劉伯溫), who circulated a rumor that a deadly plague was spreading and the only way to prevent it was to eat special moon cakes. This prompted the quick distribution of moon cakes, which were used to hide a secret message coordinating the Han Chinese revolt on the 15th day of the eighth lunar month.
  89. According to Chinese custom, what should the hosts do when their guests are ready to leave?
    Walk them out of the door and see them off.
  90. Mozi (墨子) was a philosopher in Ancient China, who argued strongly against some of Confucius’ ideas. His wished to replace the deeply ingrained family and clan structures with the concept of "universal love" which embraced a broader idea of human community than that of the Confucians. His concept of “universal love” was later used by which of the following modern Chinese politicians?
    Dr. Sun Yat-sen
  91. What is the only fictitious animal in the Chinese Zodiac?
  92. Which item is associated with death, and should not be given as a gift?
  93. Chinese families usually celebrate new life into families by hosting a big feast for families and friends. When this feast is usually held?
    One month after the baby’s birth.
  94. Which item is associated with separation, and should not be given as a gift?
  95. What fruit do people like to eat during Chinese New Year that symbolizes auspicious circumstances or good luck?
  96. What food do people like to eat during Chinese New Year that symbols abundance?
  97. Why do people like to eat dumplings during Chinese New Year?
    Because dumplings look like Chinese gold nuggets.
  98. Tea plays an important role in Chinese culture. What are three basic types of tea?
    Green tea, oolong tea, and black tea
  99. Chinese people drink tea on a daily basis. Green, oolong, and black are three basic types of tea. What distinguishes these three types of tea?
    How long after harvesting is tea processed.
  100. Chinese people are very proud of their food. Learn about the food that different regions in China are famous for. For example: Cantonese food is famous for is its Dim Sum, small snack-like food, including spring rolls and small sweet cakes. Many regions in China are famous for their spicy food, Sichuan being the most famous. Dumplings are considered more of a northern food.
  101. Bubble Tea has become a popular drink in the U.S. Many Asian restaurants now carry it. Where was bubble tea first created?
    Taiwan. Bubble tea is the name for pearl milk tea and other similar tea and juice beverages that originated in tea shops in Taichung, Taiwan during the 1980’s.
  102. Among China’s 56 ethnic groups, which group has the largest population?
  103. What is the national animal of China?
  104. In what city were the 2008 Summer Olympic Games held?
  105. What city hosted the 2010 World Expo?
  106. According to the 2010 PRC General Administration of Customs, China's Customs Statistic, who are some of China’s top trade partners and also where are China’s top export destinations?
    • US, Japan, Hong Kong and South Korea.
    • As of May 2011, as the largest creditor nation in the world, what percentage of U.S. Treasury Bonds does China own?
    • 26%
    • Who is the first PRC citizen to be awarded a Nobel Prize of any kind while residing in China?
    • Liu Xiaobo (劉小波) won the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize.
    • On May 12, 2008, a 7.8-magnitude earthquake hit which province of China?
    • Sichuan (四川)
    • From 2007 to 2010, Starbuck sales in China increased by 20 times. During 2011 Starbucks set up its first coffee farm in China. Where is the coffee farm located?
    • Yunnan (云南)
    • U.S. billionaires Bill Gates and Warren Buffett visited China in September 2011. What was their main purpose?
    • To convince Chinese magnates to donate to charitable causes.
    • 2. When did China and Taiwan resume direct communication with each other for the first time in the 60 years since Kuomintang leader Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan?
    • On December 15, 2008, Taiwan and the Chinese mainland resumed direct sea, air, and mail links. Previous flights between the two regions required a connection at Hong Kong, and doubled the travel times. As many as 108 flights per week are scheduled, as well as 60 cargo flights per month across the Strait, evenly divided between Taiwanese and Mainland airlines.
    • The Republic of China had its fifth direct presidential election on January 14th of 2012. What is the full name of the newly elected president?
    • Ma Ying-jeou.马英九
  107. The territory of modern China is characterized by dramatic geographical diversity. Topographically, it is low in the _________ direction and high in the _________direction. The land surface ascends like a three-step staircase. The _________ and ________ in the east and southeast constitute the first step, occupying about 12 percent of the land. The rest of the country is mostly ______ and ___________. Eastern, western, lowlands, plains, mountains, high plateaus.
  108. On the following map of China, use dots to correctly represent China’s population density. Here is one example:
  109. In which Chinese provinces do most ethnic Tibetans live?
    Qinghai Province and Xizang Autonomous Region
  110. In which Chinese province do most ethnic Uyghurs (a Turkish ethnic group) live?
    Xinjiang Autonomous Region
  111. Which ethnic group in China is known for their love of wrestling?
  112. Which part of China has extremely dry and hot weather which is good for growing such fruit as melons and grapes?
    Xinjiang (新疆)
  113. Which province of China is surrounded by mountains difficult to traverse and yet is the country’s most populous?
    • Sichuan (四川)
    • What is the southernmost province of China?
    • Hainan Island
    • Shanghai, located at China’s east coast, is bounded by what sea?
    • East China Sea
    • Approximately what percent of China’s land mass is mountainous, hilly, and high plateau?
    • 66%
    • Name some of China’s neighboring countries. China is the world's third largest country in area and the most populous. It has borders with the following 14 countries: Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Vietnam.
    • What do the following Chinese cities have in common: Dalian, Qingdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen, and Yantai?
    • They are all major sea ports.
  114. Which country lies on the border of southwestern China between Vietnam and Myanmar (Burma)?
  115. The Chinese like to say that their country looks like a commonly known animal on a map. What is this animal?
    Rooster (雄鸡)
  116. What are the names of the two longest rivers in China?
    Yellow River and Yangtze River
  117. How big is China?
    China is approximately 3.7 million square miles. It is a little smaller than the U.S., and about three times the size of India.
  118. China's Gobi Desert is the size of Peru and is expanding 1,400 square miles per year. What are some causes for the expansion?
    Water source depletion, over-foresting, and over-grazing
  119. What and where is the largest lake in China?
    Qing Hai (青海) or Lake Qing Hai, in the province of Qing Hai (青海)
  120. What and where is the largest freshwater lake in China?
    Lake Po Yang (鄱陽湖), located in the province of Jiang Xi (江西)
  121. Which cities in China are near the same latitude as Seattle, Washington?
    Qi Qi Ha Er, Harbin (齊齊哈爾﹐哈爾濱)
  122. Which cities in the US are near the same latitude as Beijing?
    Denver, CO and Philadelphia, PA
  123. 3. Both the Yangtze River and Yellow River can be traced upstream to what province in China?
    Qing Hai (青海)
  124. How does the area of Taiwan compare to that of the State of Washington?
    Taiwan’s area is approximately 1/5 the size of Washington State.
  125. How does the population of Taiwan compare to that of the State of Washington?
    Taiwan’s population is approximately 3.4 times that of Washington State.
  126. How does the area of Hong Kong compare to that of the State of Washington?
    Hong Kong’s area is approximately .6% of Washington State.
  127. How does the population of Hong Kong compare to that of the State of Washington?
    The population in Hong Kong is slightly more than that of Washington State (7 million vs. 6.8 million).
  128. On what river is the Three Gorge Dam located?
    Yangtze River
  129. Are the Yangtze River and Yellow River navigable?
    TheYangtze is navigable for about half its length that goes through relatively flat terrains. The Yellow River is not navigable for most of its length.
  130. From where did the name “Yellow River” come?
    It is very muddy due to the sand carried downstream from the Loess (Yellow Soil) Plateau.
  131. What are the names of the best known mountain and lake in Taiwan that have attracted millions of tourists from China ever year?
    Mt. Ali (阿里山) and Sun Moon Lake (日月潭)
  132. What type of government and economic system dominated China before WWI?
    Imperial rule and a free market economy
  133. What type of government and economic system dominated the PRC post-WWII until the 1990’s?
    Communist Party rule and economic control
  134. What type of government and economic system dominated the PRC in the two most recent decades?
    Communist Party rule and limited free market
  135. China has banned alcohol sales to minors prompted by concerns that permissive attitudes among parents and teachers have worsened a growing problem with under-age drinking. The ban, which came into force on New Year’s Day 2006, outlaws sales of beverages with an alcohol content of 0.5% or above to anyone under what age?
  136. Which country has the largest population?
    China which is home to more than 1.34 billion people. With a global population of nearly 7 billion, one out of every five people on the planet lives in China
  137. What is the capital of China?
  138. What is the most populous city in China?
    Shanghai. It has more than twice the population of Hong Kong, and about five times the population of Taipei.
  139. What is the largest of China’s many ethnic groups?
  140. The _________________ square, which lies in the heart of Beijing city, was also the site of the famous 1919 and 1989 student protests for democracy. Tian’anmen
  141. 4. Where in China is Beijing located?
    Northeast China
  142. What term is applied to those few areas in southeastern China that the PRC government, in an attempt to encourage foreign investment and trade, designate free of certain economic restrictions?
    Special Economic Zones
  143. As the U.S. expanded its power in the Pacific, what policy was formulated in 1898 by Secretary of State John Hay to protect growing U.S. interests in China by guaranteeing equal trade opportunities for all foreign nations and preventing the break-up of China into foreign colonies?
    Open Door Policy
  144. What is symbolized by the 56 poles in the balustrade surrounding the base of the PRC’s national flag in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square?
    China’s 56 ethnic groups
  145. What is Washington State’s sister province in China?
    Sichuan (四川)
  146. Seattle has 21 international sister cities. One of them is in China, and one in Taiwan. What are Seattle’s sister cities in China and Taiwan?
    Chongqin (重庆) in Sichuan province and Kaohsiung (高雄) in Taiwan
  147. China offers how many year of compulsory education?
    Nine years
  148. Who led the revolution that overthrew the emperor in China, thus establishing a republic after 2,000 years of imperial rule?
    Sun Yat-sen (孫逸仙)
  149. Who was the first leader of the People's Republic of China?
    Mao Zedong (毛澤東)
  150. The Cultural Revolution was a socio-political movement that took place in China during what period of time?
    1966 – 1976
  151. What is the National Day of the People’s Republic of China?
    • October 1st.
    • Note:The PRC was founded on October 1, 1949, with a ceremony at Tiananmen Square. The Central People's Government passed the Resolution on the National Day of the People's Republic of China on December 2, 1949, and declared that October 1st is the National Day.
  152. What is the National Celebration Day of the Republic of China?
    • October 10th or Double Ten Day.
    • Note:Double Ten Day is the National Day of the Republic of China and celebrates the start of the Wuchang Uprising of October 10, 1911, which led to the collapse of the Qing Dynasty in China and the establishment of the Republic of China on January 1, 1912. It is therefore designated by the government as National Celebration Day.
  153. Which Chinese leader initiated and directed economic reforms starting in 1978?
    • Deng Xiaoping.
    • Note:He led Chinese economic reform through a synthesis of theories that became known as the "socialist market economy". Deng opened China to foreign investment, the global market, and limited private competition. He is generally credited with developing China into one of the fastest growing economies in the world for over 30 years and raising the standard of living of hundreds of millions of Chinese.
  154. Who was the first Emperor of China?
    Qin Shihuang (or Ying Zheng 贏政).
  155. Who was the last Emperor of China?
    Puyi (溥仪)
  156. In what year was the People’s Republic of China established?
  157. In what year was the Republic of China formally established?
    1912. The Republic of China was formally established on January 1, 1912 on mainland China following the Xinhai Revolution which itself began with the Wuchang Uprising on October 10, 1911, and replaced the Qing Dynasty and ended over two thousand years of imperial rule in China.
  158. Where is the western end of the Great Wall?
  159. What Chinese city is famous for the Bund (外滩), a stretch of European neo-classical buildings built in the early 20th century?
    • Shanghai.
    • Note:The area is within the former Shanghai International Settlement, which runs along the western bank of the Huangpu River, facing Pudong, in the eastern part of Huangpu District. The Bund is quite a nice area, especially as it contrasts with the ultra-modern architecture on the other side of the Huangpu.
  160. Some portions of the Great Wall of China were lost over time. The majority of the exiting wall was built in what dynasty?
  161. What was the name of the ancient road, linking China with the West, running through Afghanistan and the Middle East, used by Marco Polo to travel to China?
    The Silk Road
  162. Why did the British criticize the Qing Dynasty’s Canton System in the late 18th century?
    It limited their mobility as well as the amount and type of goods they could sell to the Chinese.
  163. 5. What circumstance in the Ming Dynasty contributed to the rise of powerful eunuchs within the Forbidden City?
    The emperor’s neglect of his responsibilities.
  164. Historians believe that Zheng He’s (1371-1435) naval expeditions sailed to what places?
    In his seven recorded voyages: Arabia, India, East Africa, and some of the Pacific Islands, but never north to Japan or Korea.
  165. Which Chinese dynasty rebuilt the Great Wall to protect itself from nomadic invaders?
  166. Which event put an end to the Canton System in Qing China?
    The Opium Wars
  167. Confucius lived and created his philosophical system during which period in Chinese history?
    The Spring and Autumn Period (春秋時代) or Western Zhou Dynasty (西周)
  168. Name three significant social developments during the Warring States period:
    A new social mobility provided by the creation of large, effective government bureaucracies, 2) The strengthening of the local aristocracies’ power over the peasants who worked their lands, and 3) The recruitment of commoners into huge armies dominated by foot soldiers.
  169. During which dynasty was the Chinese writing system created?
  170. Which thought system in ancient China allows for the overthrow of a bad ruler?
  171. Which ancient Chinese philosophy or philosophies emphasized that man was inherently good?
  172. Which Chinese dynasty established before Christ was the most authoritarian (had the most centralized rule)?
  173. Which ancient Chinese philosophy or philosophies emphasized the inherent wickedness of man?
  174. Name three things that Han Dynasty is noted for: 1) Its adoption of Confucianism as its governing philosophy, 2) Its military expansion into Central Asia, and 3) Its acceptance of the Mandate of Heaven.
  175. Which social classes were allowed to take the Civil Service Exam in Song China?
    All classes
  176. For what was the short-lived Sui Dynasty famous?
    Unifying China in the 8th century and the construction of the Grand Canal.
  177. Which Chinese dynasties revived and expanded the Civil Service Exam?
    Civil Service Exams began in the Sui Dynasty and were expanded and refined in the Tang Dynasty.
  178. Which dynasty was the first to use gunpowder for military purposes?
  179. What was the primary purpose of the Chinese participation in the Silk Road trade?
    The exchange of jewelry, spices, fur, herbs, plants, and rare species of birds.
  180. The Chinese general Zhang Qian (张骞) helped which Chinese dynasty establish trade connections across the Silk Road?
  181. Name three reasons why Buddhism spread widely in China during the Three Kingdom Period (220-589 CE): 1) The partial discrediting of Confucianism due to the fall of the Han Dynasty, 2) The large exodus of Buddhists from India due to Muslim attacks, and 3) The solace (emotional comfort) Buddhism provided for displaced Chinese aristocrats.
  182. Which Chinese dynasties were ruled by a foreign ethnic?
    The Yuan and Qing dynasties. The Ming dynasty was the last dynasty in China ruled by ethnic Han Chinese. Its preceding dynasty, the Yuan, was ruled by Mongolians, and its following dynasty, Qing, was ruled by Manchurian people.
  183. The Shang Dynasty (c. 1700-1027 B.C.E.) is famous for using objects made out of what material for ritual purposes?
  184. Mao Zedong was unique among early 20th century Marxist revolutionaries in believing what social group could be the agent of revolutionary change?
  185. The generic term “Red Guards” was used during the Cultural Revolution to identify what group of people?
    Self-designated supporters of Chairman Ma Zedong’s revolutionary ideals
  186. Why did Hong Kong become a semi-autonomous Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China in 1997?
    • Britain’s 99-year lease on the New Territories expired that year. Hong Kong became Britain’s colony after the First Opium War (1839–42).
    • 6. Note:Originally confined to Hong Kong Island, the colony's boundaries were extended in stages to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 and then the New Territories in 1898. It was occupied by Japan during the Pacific War, after which the British resumed control until 1997, when China resumed sovereignty.
  187. Although the People’s Republic of China was founded in 1949, formal diplomatic relations with the United States were not established until what year?
  188. At the turn of the 21st century, which countries had unsettled border disputes with the PRC?
    India, Russia, and Japan
  189. Who was the first leader of the People’s Republic of China to visit the United States?
    Deng Xiaoping
  190. What dynasty ruled China during the American Revolutionary War?
  191. Who was the first U.S. president ever to visit the People’s Republic of China?
    Richard Nixon
  192. Who was the first U.S. president ever to visit the Republic of China?
    Dwight D. Eisenhower
  193. Who is known and revered in China as “the father of modern China”?
    Dr. Sun Yatsen
  194. What stage of development was Japan in at the time China was ruled by the Han Dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE)?
    Late Stone Age or Neolithic stage (China went through these stages 2000 years prior to the Han Dynasty)
  195. During the Qing Dynasty, what did the merchants do to gain social and political status to match their increased wealth and influence?
    They purchased civil service degrees normally acquired by scholarship.
  196. During the Cold War, what term was used for the belief espoused by Western political leaders that if one nation became Communist its neighbors would soon follow?
    Domino Theory
  197. What did the Jesuit missionaries teach the emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties?
    How to cast European-style cannons.
  198. During the first decade of the 20th century, what kind of reforms did the ailing Qing government try to implement in order to strengthen itself?
    It introduced a constitution and legal institutions based on Western models.
  199. Following WWII, Japan was forced to withdraw its troops from all parts of China, including ______________ that it had occupied since 1895. The island of Taiwan
  200. In the 15th century, what empire blocked European traders from important destinations in Asia and thereby set off Europe’s great Age of Exploration and search for a water route to the Far East?
    Ottoman Empire
  201. List countries with which the Tang Dynasty (618-907) had considerable trade and cultural contact: Mediterranean countries, Persian Empire, ancient India, ancient Tibet, South Asian sub-continent, Japan.
  202. What are some major Chinese cities that were occupied by Japan during WWII?
    Beijing, Guanzhou, Hong Kong, Nanjing, and Shanghai
  203. By the mid-14th century, technology in China was superior to that in Europe in what categories?
    Seafaring, printing, and textile manufacturing
  204. Who was the author that introduced the wonders of the Chinese civilization and empire to medieval Europe?
    Marco Polo
  205. What are two dynasties that are commonly accepted as the strong and prosperous eras in Chinese history?
    Han and Tang
  206. What does the name “Hong Kong” mean?
    • Fragrant Harbor.
    • Note:In Hong Kong’s early history wood from an incense plantation in Sha Tin was transported to Tsim Sha Tsui before being shipped to other parts of the region. The incense gave the area a pleasant smell and Tsim Sha Tsui at one time was called Heung Po Tau or “fragrant warf”. The large island to the south of Tsim Sha Tsui was (and still is) called Heung Gong (Hong Kong) or “fragrant habrbor”.
  207. Name some of the good things the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, Qin Shi Huang did?
    1) Standardized length, volume, and weight measurements, 2) standardized axle length for vehicles, and 3) connected sections of the Great Wall.
  208. Name some of the bad things the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, Qin Shi Huang did?
    1) He killed many scholars by burying them alive, 2) burned many books, and 3) caused the deaths of countless laborers in connecting the Great Wall and building his tomb.
  209. What happened when the Han Dynasty fell?
    China was split into three kingdoms which lasted for 60 years.
  210. What are two of the most short-lived Chinese dynasties?
    Qin and Sui (秦and隋). They are both powerful but short-lived imperial Chinese dynasties.
  211. 7. Which dynasty in Chinese history had the largest territory?
  212. In 1900, what led China into war with the Eight-Nation Alliance?
    • The Boxer Rebellion.
    • Note:The Boxer Rebellion, also known as the Boxer Uprising or Yihetuan Movement, was a pro-nationalist movement by the "Righteous Harmony Society" in China between 1898 and 1901, opposing foreign imperialism and Christianity. In June 1900, in Beijing, Boxer fighters threatened foreigners and forced them to seek refuge in the Legation Quarter. In response, the initially hesitant Empress Dowager Cixi, urged by the conservatives of the Imperial Court, supported the Boxers and declared war on foreign powers.
  213. Taiwan is also known as Formosa. From where did the name Formosa come and what does it mean?
    The Portuguese named the island when they arrived in the 16th century. Formosa means beautiful island.
  214. In addition to Portugal, what other countries had a presence in Taiwan during 17th century?
    Holland and Spain
  215. When was the Chinese Empire first established?
    221 BCE when Qing Shi Huang unified China, proclaimed himself the First Emperor and established the Qin Dynasty. Today, historians often refer to the period from Qin Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty as Imperial China.
  216. Chinese people have consumed tea for over a thousand years, but tea was not introduced to Europe until the fifth century. Who were the first people to bring tea into Europe?
    • Turkish traders, Portuguese and Dutch. While it is likely that tea found its way to Europe via Turkish traders along the Silk Road as early as the 5th century, steady European trade in tea did not begin until the Portuguese landed in China in 1516, having found a sea route to the east. Dutch merchants entered the lucrative tea trade in the early 17th century, and spread it throughout Europe.
    • There a legend that Marco Polo imported a certain type of food from China. In his journal, The Travels of Marco Polo, he describes the food as being similar to “lagana”, fine sheets of dough which were fried. What food did he import?
    • Pasta
    • What was the greatest military engineering feat of the Chinese?
    • The construction of the Great Wall.
    • Note:Many historians give the Emperor Qin Shi Huang credit for the construction of the Wall, but portions of it were in existence before he came to the throne (211 BCE). Repairs and extensions were made as late as the eighteen century.
  217. Why did Emperor Chin Hwang-ti construct the Great Wall?
    The part built by Qin Shi Huang had a two-fold purpose: 1) to act as barrier against the barbarians, and 2) to serve as a monument to the union of China. He had just succeeded in breaking up the feudal system and had united China under a strong central government.
  218. Who helped Qin Shi Huang build the Great Wall?
    • Qin Shi Huang’s portion was built under the direction of an army engineer, General Meng Tian (蒙恬).
    • Note:His force consisted of 300,000 soldiers and hundreds of thousands of other laborers. The soldiers aided in the construction work when they were not needed to repel attacks. This portion of the Wall was completed about 204 BCE, after the death of Qin Shi Huang.
  219. How long is the Great Wall?
    The Great Wall, following all its curves, loops and spurs, is about 2,550 miles long. The direct distance between its two ends is 1,145 miles. There are about 25,000 towers on the Wall and 15,000 detached watch-towers.
  220. When did Macau revert to Chinese sovereignty from Portuguese administration?
  221. When did Hong Kong revert to Chinese sovereignty from British administration?
  222. Name two ethnic groups in China that are not officially recognized by the government of the People's Republic of China?
    Yóutài猶太/犹太 (Jewish people of China) and Macanese (土生葡人, Descendant of Portuguese in Macau since 16th century)
  223. Why was so much emphasis placed on reforming the Chinese writing system during the New Culture Movement after the fall of the Qing Dynasty?
    • Its script and vocabulary were difficult for commoners to learn.
    • The first dictionary of English was published in 1604. When was the first dictionary of Chinese, the Erh-ya (爾雅), published?
    • Third Century, B.C.
  224. Although Chinese characters are now often written horizontally and read from left to right, what was the traditional practice of Chinese writing and reading?
    • Write vertically; read top to bottom, right to left.
    • What is the main reason that China has many mutually unintelligible dialects?
    • Geographic isolation of regional populations
  225. What do Xu Shen (許慎), a Chinese scholar of the 2nd century, and Samuel Johnson, a British author of the 18th century have in common?
    • Each wrote dictionaries of their languages.
    • The basic idea behind the early Chinese writing was to represent objects by using what?
    • Pictures
  226. What is meant by the Chinese saying “pulling a tiger’s whiskers”?
    • Courting death
    • What is meant by the Chinese proverb “When you ride a tiger it is hard to dismount”?
    • Before you undertake a dangerous task, you must consider all the risks. It can also be used to describe someone who gets himself into a trouble that is difficult to resolve.
    • What is meant by the Chinese proverb “playing music to an ox”?
    • Casting pearls before swine.
    • What is meant by the Chinese proverb “Men should worry about becoming famous just as pigs should worry about becoming fat”?
    • Just as a fattened pig will soon be slaughtered, a famous man will invariably be attacked.
    • What English language proverb is comparable to the Chinese saying: “If you do not mend a small hole, you will suffer later from a larger hole”?
    • A stitch in time saves nine.
    • What is meant by the Chinese proverb “Add legs to a snake after you finish drawing it”?
    • Spoil a good thing by something unnecessary; a useless addition, or an unneeded action.
    • What is meant by the Chinese proverb “Beat the grass to startle the snake”, one of the renowned Thirty-six Strategies?
    • When you cannot detect the opponent's plans launch a direct, but brief, attack and observe your opponent reactions. His behavior will reveal his strategy.
    • What is meant by the Chinese proverb “to negotiate with a tiger for its skin”?
    • It is foolish to try to get a tyrant to act against his own vital interests.
    • What city’s dialect is closest to standard Mandarin?
    • Beijing
  227. What do people say to each other when visiting over Chinese New Year?
    Gong Xi Fa Cai (Congratulations and Be Prosperous)
  228. During the Shang dynasty, early Chinese characters were used in divination. These divinations were usually carved on what kinds of materials?
    Animal bones or turtle shells
  229. According to Xu Shen’s ShuoWen JieZi, The Lexicography of Chinese Characters, he lists Chinese characters in six categories: pictographs, simple indicatives, compound indicatives, phono-semantic compound characters, borrowed characters and derived characters. About 90% of the characters are from which category?
    Phono-semantic compound characters
  230. Fengshui is a Chinese concept much practiced by people who believe in the importance of the proper alignment of buildings and objects in relation with nature. What does the term literally mean in English?
    Wind and water
  231. Which famous Chinese novel tells the story of Monkey who helped the Tang Monk in his journey west?
    Journey to the West (Xi You Ji)
  232. Approximately how many Chinese characters are commonly used today?
    • 7,000.
    • Note:There are over 80,000 Chinese characters, but most of them are seldom used today. The most frequently used 7,000 characters cover about 99.5% of usage. A standard Chinese dictionary may include about 10,000 words.
  233. Currently what written language is the world’s most widely used language?
    Chinese characters
  234. Who is the winner of 2012 Nobel Prize in Literature?
    Mò Yán莫言
  235. What is the approximate time of the earliest example of fully developed Chinese writing?
    Late Shang 晚商 ( 1600–1046 BC)
  236. Name one of the physical materials on which the earliest forms of Chinese writing are found: Oracle bones
  237. In Chinese language history, what is the name of the type of Chinese script that came immediately before the modern standard kǎishū 楷書/楷书 script?
  238. When did kǎishū 楷書/楷书, the ‘regular script’ still in use today, first come into existence?
    Han dynasty (206 BC–220 AD)
  239. To what large language family do most scholars believe Chinese belongs?
  240. What are the linguistic relationships between Chinese and Japanese and Korean?
    Linguistically, they are not genetically related (i.e. Japanese and Korean do not belong to Sino-Tibetan language family). However, Japanese and Korean languages employed literary reading historically (i.e. borrowing words from Chinese languages).
  241. When it comes to the Mandarin third-person singular pronoun, what is the difference between the spoken and written language?
    The mandarin third-person singular pronoun distinguishes gender in the written language where separate graphs have artificially been devised for ‘he他’, ‘she她’, and ‘it它’, in the spoken language all three forms have the same pronunciation (tā) .
  242. What is another term for Chinese “prepositions” such as 在zài?and why?
    Co-verbs, they derived from action verbs in Classical Chinese and can be negated by adverb bù不.
  243. What is the Chinese dialect origin of the English term bak choy?
  244. What is the Chinese dialect origin of the English term dim sum?
  245. Dù Fǔ 杜甫was a prominent Chinese poet of the Táng Dynasty. Along with Lǐ Bái (Lǐ Bó李白), he is frequently called the greatest of the Chinese poets. Where is Dù Fǔ’s Thatched Cottage (杜甫草堂) located?
  246. Forbidden City was the Chinese imperial palace from the Míng Dynasty to the end of the Qīng Dynasty. It is located in the middle of Beijing, China. In the image below, what language is written next to the Qián Qīng Gōng乾清宫 text?
    Manchu 满文
  247. The word “DànDìng淡定” has been widely used recently in Chinese pop culture. What does the word “DànDìng” mean?
    Tell someone to calm down, to be at ease.
  248. In the picture below is a piece of Taiwanese sculptor, Jū Míng朱銘’s art work installed in Hong Kong Exchange Square.香港交易廣場 Please make an educational guess on what kind of traditional Chinese exercise this person is practicing?
    Tai-Chi 太極.
  249. Which movie did Zhāng Yìmóu 張藝謀/张艺谋adapt from Mò Yán莫言’s novel?
    Red Sorghum (1987)
  250. Name four great inventions of China?
    Compass, gunpowder, papermaking and printing
  251. Paper is one of greatest inventions in China. When and by whom it was invented?
    In 105 BCE, Cai Lun (蔡倫) invented the composition for paper along with the papermaking process.
  252. Why did Bi Sheng’s (畢昇) invention of printing by movable type in 1045 have far less impact on China than Gutenberg’s similar invention four centuries later in Europe?
    Because the quantity of Chinese characters, printing in Chinese was much more laborious.
  253. Zhang Heng (張衡) was the greatest inventor, mathematician, astronomer and geographer in Chinese history. What field of his work has often been compared to that of Ptolemy (AD 90–168)?
  254. Gunpowder was one of the greatest inventions in China. When did the Chinese start using it?
    The Chinese discovered gunpowder before 255 BCE, but used it only for fireworks until much later. Isolated instances are given of its use for military purposes, in 767 CE and 1232 CE, but cannon were not used for the defense of the Great Wall until the Ming Dynasty in 1368 CE, about the time they were first used in Europe.
  255. Why was the knowledge of medical science in China behind that of the western world?
    The Chinese had very little knowledge of medical science and even less of anatomy because of religious convictions against mutilation of a dead body and the drawing of blood. Hence they practiced almost no surgery. They placed great reliance on diagnosis by the pulse. They claimed that by taking the pulse at different places, they could tell the state of health of the different organs, and even determine the sex of an unborn infant.
  256. How effective was the Great Wall in defending China?
    The Great Wall did not prevent large invasions (the Tartars breached it many times). But such intrusions were made possible by the weakness and/or disloyalty of the defenders rather than by any weakness of the Wall itself. For example, when Genghis Khan (1162 – 1227) invaded China, he bribed his way through a gate in the wall.
  257. Which power station is the largest in the world?
    The Three Gorges Dam (長江三峽大壩). It is the world's largest power station in terms of installed capacity (20,300 MW) but is second to Itaipu Dam with regard to the generation of electricity annually.
  258. What were the main reasons for building the Three Gorges Dam?
    As well as producing electricity, the dam increases the Yangtze River's shipping capacity, and reduces the potential for floods downstream by providing flood storage space. The Chinese government regards the project as a historic engineering, social, and economic success, with the design of state-of-the-art large turbines, and a move toward limiting greenhouse gas emissions. However, the dam flooded archaeological and cultural sites and displaced some 1.3 million people, and is causing significant ecological changes, including an increased risk of landslides. The dam has been a controversial topic both in China and abroad.
  259. What is China’s Internet domain name?
  260. What is the time difference between Seattle, WA and Beijing, China?
    Seattle is 16 hours behind Beijing, or 15 hours behind Beijing when the U.S. is in daylight saving time.
  261. What is the main food that giant pandas eat to survive?
  262. What are some of the common fruits and vegetables originated in China?
    Kiwi, star fruit, persimmon, cauliflower, apricots and peaches were grown as far back as 4000 years ago.
  263. China is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of domestic animal breeds and groups. What are some of the domesticated animals in China?
    Pig, chicken, duck, dairy cows, yaks, reindeers.
  264. In 1984, what international competition was attended for the first time by athletes representing the People’s Republic of China?
    23rd Olympic Games
  265. Who was the first Taiwanese scientist to win the Novel Prize in Chemistry in 1986 for “contributions to the dynamics of chemical elementary processes”?
    Yuan Tseh Lee (李遠哲)
  266. Who was the first Chinese-born owner of an NBA team?
    At age of 27, Sonny Xiao was introduced by the Texas Legends as the first Chinese-born owner of an NBA or NBA D-League team. Xiao purchased a small stake in the D-League Texas Legends, who begin play this fall in the Dallas suburb of Frisco. While Xiao confirmed his share is "something like'' 5 to 10%, he still feels like a pioneer.
  267. Who was the first Chinese-born professional ballet dancer in the United States?
    • Li Cunxin (李存信).
    • Note:He danced with the Houston Ballet for sixteen years and became one of the best dancers in the world. He won two silver and a bronze medal at three International Ballet Competitions. In 2003, Li published his autobiography, Mao's Last Dancer. It has received numerous accolades, including the Australian "Book of the Year" award, and was made into a film in 2009.
  268. During the 1984 Summer Olympics, Wu Xiaoxuan (吴小旋) was the first Chinese female athlete to win a gold medal. In what event did she win?
  269. Who was the first Chinese player to ever play in the NBA?
    Wang Zhizhi (王治郅)
  270. Dr. Sun Yat-sen visited Seattle in 1911. What was the purpose of his trip?
    He was fund raising for the revolution.
  271. How many time zones are there in China?
  272. Which building in Seattle’s Chinatown houses the state’s oldest Chinese school?
    Chong Wa (also known as Chong Wa Hall or Chong Wa Benevolent Assoc. Building)
  273. On what side of the road do people drive in China?
    Right side
  274. China is the first and only country to have commercial train service on conventional rail lines that can reach what speed?
    350 km/hour
  275. In Hong Kong, since 2003 what can people no longer do in a public area without risking a fine?
    Spit. Note:Spitting in a street, shops, and bars and on public transport has been outlawed since the SARS outbreak in order to stop the spread of germs. Jay walking, gambling, and littering attracted fines prior to 2003.
  276. What are some of China’s better known grains?
    Rice, wheat, soy beans, corn
  277. What’s the major grain grown in Taiwan?