Myers Psychology AP Unit 11 Vocab

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Myers Psychology AP Unit 11 Vocab
2013-03-17 21:27:27
Testing Individual Differences

for Mrs. Hofer's Psychology AP class and the Psych AP test
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  1. intelligence test
    a method for assessing an individuals mental aptitudes and comparing them with those of others using numerical scores
  2. intelligence
    mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience to solve problems and use knowledge to adapt to new situations
  3. general intelligence (g)
    a general intelligence factor that according to Spearman and others underlies specific mental abilities
  4. factor anaylsis
    a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items (called factors) on a test, used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie a person's total score
  5. savant syndrome
    a condition is which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or drawing
  6. emotional intelligence
    the ability to perceive, understand, manage an use emotions
  7. mental age
    a measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet; the chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance. Thus a child who does as well as the average 8 yr. old is said to have a mental age of 8
  8. Stanford-Binet
    the widely used American revision (by Tenon at Stanford University) of Binet's original intelligence test
  9. intelligence quotient (IQ)
    defined originally as the ratio of mental age (ma) to chronological age multiplied by 100 (IQ= ma/ca x 100) on contemporary intelligence tests the average performance for a given age is assigned a score of 100
  10. achievement tests
    tests designed to access what a person has learned
  11. aptitude tests
    tests designed to predict a person's future performance; aptitude is the capacity to learn
  12. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale
    the WAIS is the most widely used intelligence test; contains verbal and performance (nonverbal) subtests
  13. standardization
    defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested group
  14. normal curve
    the symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes. Most scores fall near the average and fewer and fewer scores lie near the extremes
  15. reliability
    the extent to which a test yields consistent results as assessed by the consistency of scores on two halves of the test or on retesting
  16. validity
    the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to
  17. content validity
    the extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest
  18. predictive validity
    the success with which a test predicts the behavior it is designed to predict; it is assessed by computing the correlation between test scores and the criterion behavior (also called criterion-related validity)
  19. intellectual disablity
    (formerly referred to as mental retardation) a condition of limited mental ability indicated by an intelligence score of 70 or below and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life; varies from mild to profound
  20. Down Syndrome
    a condition of intellectual disability and associated physical disorders caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21
  21. Stereotype Threat
    a self-confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative sterotype